TM Psychology 1 - Unit 7 Exam - 2019
Terms in this set (40)
Clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event.
Processing of information into the memory system- for example, extracting meaning.
Retention of encoded information over time.
Process of getting information out of memory storage.
The immediate, very brief recording of sensory information in the memory system.
Activated memory that holds a few items briefly, such as the seven digits of a phone number while dialing.
Relatively permanent and unlimited storehouse of the memory system.
Unconscious encoding of incidental information, such as space, time, and frequency.
Encoding that requires attention and conscious effort.
Conscious repetition of information, either to maintain it in consciousness or to encode it for storage.
Tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long-term retention than is achieved through massed study or practice.
serial position effect
Our tendency to recall best the last and first items in a list.
Memory aids; like vivid imagery.
Memory aid that involves linking words with numbers in a vivid imagery manner.
method of loci
Memory aid when one links something they need to remember with a place that they know very well.
Momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli.
Momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli; sounds can be recalled within 3 or 4 seconds.
A loss of memory access to events that occurred, or information that was learned in the past.
A loss of the ability to create new memories.
implicit (procedural) memory
Retention independent of conscious recollection.
explicit (declarative) memory
Memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and "declare".
Measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier.
Measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned.
Disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information.
Disruptive effect of new learning on the recall of old information.
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
A standard or typical example.
A precise rule (or set of rules) specifying how to solve some problem.
A common sense rule (or set of rules) intended to increase the probability of solving some problem.
A cognitive form of learning involving the mental restructuring of the elements in a problem to achieve an understanding or the problem and arrive at a solution.
A tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.
The tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual functions; an impediment to problem solving.
Judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes; may lead one to ignore other relevant information.
Estimating the likelihood of events based on their availability in memory; if instances come readily to mind, we presume such events are common.
The mental faculty or power of vocal communication.
Linguistics, one of a small set of speech sounds that are distinguished by the speakers of a particular language.
Minimal meaningful language unit.
The study of language meaning.
The grammatical arrangement of words in sentences.
Early speech stage in which a child speaks like a telegram--'go car'--using mostly nouns and verbs and omitting 'auxiliary' words.