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Terms in this set (16)
Greece was divided into many small self-governing city-states, due to its geography, where every island, valley and plain was cut off from its neighbors by the sea or mountain ranges.
•Each city-state had its own form of government like an aristocracy, an oligarchy, or a monarchy
Rule by a small group of privileged aristocrats who tell the people what to do.
•Sparta oligarchy was ruled by retired warriors
the love of wisdom
•Based on reason and evidence
citizens making laws and decisions in person, without going through representatives and legislatures.
•Athens practiced a direct democracy. The Assembly was made up of citizens and they served the government directly.
•Later a council of 500 were randomly elected because the assembly was too large In Athens...
Direct Democracy continued
All citizens were to attend and vote in the Assembly
•Other offices and leaders were chosen by lottery or elected
a type of democracy in which the citizens delegate authority to elected representatives
•The United States is a representative democracy •Senate and House of Representatives are elected by the citizens to represent them and make laws
founded after the Battle of Marathon in order to protect Greece against the 'Persian Threat'.
•Athens was in charge of the league
Blending of Greek and Asian cultures
•Alexander the Great conquered areas of Europe, Asia, and Africa.
•Everywhere Alexander went, Greek culture was spread through the language, architecture, schools and libraries
Ancient Greek Philosopher who developed an approach to teaching based on questioning
Ancient Greek Philosopher and student of Socrates.
•Believed in rule by a small group of educated men
•Believed if humans applied reason the world would be better
Student of Plato
•Wrote 170 books on astronomy, physics, politics, art, and other subjects
•His school became the model for modern universities
Famous inventor and mathematician
•Invented improved levers and pulleys
Ancient Greek mathematician and philosopher whose ideas led to the field of geometry
Phillip II of Macedonia
conquered and "united" the Greek city-states
Alexander the Great
King of Macedonia who conquered a vast empire in Europe, Asia, and Africa
•He spread Greek culture in all of the lands he conquered
Greek city state •First to practice direct democracy- rule by the people
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