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Physical Fitness Vocab
Terms in this set (31)
is good overall body condition that gives you the ability to do daily activities with vigor and energy.
is the expansion and contraction of your arteries as your heart pumps blood through them.
Target Heart Rate
is the heart rate you should achieve and maintain in order to get the most benefit from your workout/activity. It is also called training heart rate.
is slowly increasing your workout level to prepare your muscles for exercise.
is slowly reducing your workout level after exercise.
is brisk physical activity that requires the heart and lungs to work harder to meet the body's increased oxygen demand. Aerobic exercise promotes the circulation of oxygen through the blood.
means working out at such intensity that the body cannot deliver the required levels of oxygen to the working muscles.
(rep) is one complete movement of an exercise.
is a group of repetitions (reps). For example, when doing curl-ups, do 3 sets of 15 reps means do 15 curl-ups, rest for a moment, do another 15 curl-ups, rest for a moment, and do the last 15 curl-ups. This may also be written 3 x 15 curl-ups.
is to contract a muscle (make it shorter). This usually causes a joint to bend.
is to lengthen a muscle. This usually results in straightening a joint.
measures how well your circulatory system (heart and blood vessels) and your respiratory system (lungs) work together to provide energy to your body while exercising.
is the ability of your muscles to produce force at low to medium levels for a long time.
is the ability of your muscles to exert force at high levels over a short time.
is the ability of your muscles and joints to move through their full range of motion.
is the relative amounts of fat, bone, muscle, skin and organs you have in your body.
is the ability to change the direction of your movement quickly while in control of your body.
is the ability to control your body in any position, whether moving or still .
is your ability to synchronize (combine) movements of various body parts.
is your ability to combine strength and speed.
is the time it takes between one of your senses recognizing a stimulus and your body moving in response.
is the time it takes to move a certain distance.
refers to the fact that everyone responds to physical activity and training differently.
means that you must engage in activity (training) that is greater than regularly experienced OR you must do more than you normally do in order to improve.
is the gradual increase of the workload over a period of time.
is the principle that exercise must be performed on a regular basis in order to be
effective. Regular is at least 3 times a week.
means that the body only improves at what it experiences.
is how often you do something (work out).
is how hard you work at what you do (work out).
is how long you do something (work out).
is the kind of work (work out) you do.
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