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Mr. McGann Test 11
Terms in this set (28)
1. Separation of powers
2. Separation of church and state
3. Bill of Rights
What were the 3 common elements to each colony's constitution?
Man from Pennsylvania who was put in charge to form a new government
November 15th, 1777
What day did the members of the 2nd continental congress vote to adopt the articles of confederation?
March 1st, 1781
What day did Maryland become the 13th and final state to ratify the Articles of Confederation?
There were several land disputes related to western borders
Why did it take so long for all of the states to ratify the Articles of Confederation?
Endowing the Union
When the states that did not have western borders agreed to establish boundaries, the rest of the land went to the government under the Articles
Who had the most power under the Articles of Confederation?
- Congress members would be elected by state legislatures
- Congress members' terms were for 1 year, couldn't serve more than 3 years in a 6 year period
- Each state could elect anywhere from 2-7 delegates
- Each state only had 1 vote
- Took 9 votes to pass a law
What were the terms of the Articles of Confederation?
1. No power to tax
2. No control of trade
3. No executive branch
4. No judicial branch
5. Could not regulate finances
6. No law enforcement or military power
What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
1. Make commercial treaties
2. Mediate state disputes
3. Declare war and conclude peace
4. Had sole control over Diplomatic negotiations
5. Borrow, issue, and fix the value of money
6. Manage Indian affairs
7. Establish and operate a post office
8. Organize, manage, and sell newly acquired western lands
What did the Articles of Confederation have the power to do?
Selling and settlement of the Northwest territory
What did the Land Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance take care of?
a. Territories created - 5
b. Territories divided into ranges
c. Ranges divided into 6x6 mile townships
d. Townships divided into 1x1 mile sections (640 acres)
e. Land was sold for $2 an acre
f. The money from 4 of the sections went to the government
6. Section #16 was mapped out for education
What were the terms of the Land Ordinance of 1785?
a. Each territory run by a governor and 3 judges
b. When population reached 5,000 free males of voting age they elected a legislature
c. When total population reached 60,000 they could write a constitution and be admitted as a state
What were the terms of the Northwest Ordinance?
1. Encouraged education
2. Allowed for representative government
3. Prohibited slavery
4. Admitted new states equal to the original 13
Why did the Land Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance strengthen the idea of Democracy?
Business failed, high unemployment, many foreclosures, farmers were in distress, new markets closed, taxes were placed
What happened between 1782 and 1786?
Caused due to a lack of a powerful central government
Why did the depression-like time from 1782-1786 happen?
Western farmers rebelled because they were paying most of the taxes, rebels killed in fire, many fled to Vermont some were hanged, Shays was pardoned and legislature later pleased the farmers
- Held by Washington at his house
- Meeting of reps from VA and MD
- To discuss commerce on the Potomac River
- Agreed to equally share the Potomac
What were the particulars of the Mt. Vernon Convention?
- To discuss National Commerce
- Only 5 states attended because they shared river borders with other states
What were the particulars of the Annapolis Convention?
1. Alexander Hamilton - NY
2. James Madison - VA
Who were the 2 key representatives that attended the Annapolis Convention?
- Meeting in PA to revise the Articles of Confederation
- Every colony attended
- Ended up realizing they need to abolish the Articles of Confederation
- 55 men attended
What were the particulars of the Constitutional Convention?
Father of the Constitution
Chosen to head the convention
Oldest member at the Constitutional Convention
30 years old
How old were Hamilton and Madison at the time of the Constitutional Convention?
- John Adams
- Thomas Paine
- John Jay
Which important people did not attend the Convention?
What important person was not invited to the Constitutional Convention?
Who refused to attend the Constitutional Convention?
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