Used to describe an action, state, or occurrence, and forming the main part of the predicate of a sentence, such as hear, become, happen.
A verb form ending in -ing that is used as a noun. They act as subjects, direct objects, predicate nomatives, etc.
Expressed physical and mental action.
A verb that does not show action but connects the subject with a word in the predicate.
Helping (auxiliary) Verb
Comes before the main verb in a sentence. Shows time and meaning. A verb that helps in the formation of another verb. The chief helping verbs are be, can, could, do, have, may, might, must, ought, shall, should, will, would.
A word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. (Describes a verb.) Expresses a relation of place, time, circumstance, manner, cause, degree, etc.
A word that modifies a noun or pronoun. (Describes a noun.)
follows a linking verb and modifies the subject.
Indicated a noun or pronoun in a sentence. "This or that."
An adjective used as a pronoun.
Verb form that can be used as an adjective or a noun.
A word that connects phrases, words, or clauses. Often used as transitions.
A conjunction placed between words, phrases, clauses, or sentences of equal rank. "and, or, but"
A conjunction that introduces a subordinate clause. "although, because"
'both/and", "either/or", "not/but" These type of pairs refers to either someone/something.
Can function by itself as a noun phrase that refers either to the participants in the discourse (I, you,...) or to someone/something mention elsewhere i n the discourse.
Personal and Possesive
Two types of pronouns. "mine, yours, hers, his, ours, and theirs". Refers to something owned by the speaker or by someone/something previously mentioned.
"what, which, who, whom, and whose". Words=(s) used to ask a question.
Does not refer to any specific person, thing, or amount. "Not definite". "anybody, anything, everyone, everybody, many, nobody"
Used to connect a clause or phrase to a noun or pronoun. The clause modifies or describes the noun. "who, whom, whose, that, which"
Point to specific things. "Those are boys". "This is an apple."
A word that shows a relationship between a noun or pronoun and some other word in the sentence. Always followed by an object.
An exclamatory word that is not related to the other words in a sentence. "Ah-ha!"
Subject Verb Agreement
subject stays the same; verb must be singular or plural to match the subject
The topic of a text. What the text is about.
Receives the action of the verb. "He hit the ball."
Identifies to or for whom/what the action of the verb if performed. "Grandfather left Rosaline all his money."
Completes a copulative verb (a linking verb). "Charlie is my son."
Follows a linking verb and describes/modifies the subject. "The shoes look expensive."