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18 terms

Carboxylic acids

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-COOH
Functional group for carboxylic acids
120°
Bond angle of carboxylic acid functional group
Trigonal planar
3 dimensional shape of the functional group of carboxylic acids
Condensation polymers '(polyesters)'
Dicarboxylic acids, are molecules that have two carboxyl groups on one carbon (-COOH)₂. And are important in the preparation of;
Hydrogen bonds 'forming between the O⁻ and -O-H⁺ of the carboxylic acid and water'
Short chain carboxylic acids are soluble due to;
Proton donors
Due to the electronegative oxygen molecules, the O-H bond is weak, resulting in the carboxylic acid acting as a;
Hydrogen gas and salt
Carboxylic acids react with metals to form;
Salt and water
Carboxylic acid and alkalis form;
Carbon dioxide, salt and water
Carboxylic acids and carbonates form;
Acid catalyst
What kind of catalyst is needed for the process of esterification of carboxylic acids?
Heat
Other than the catalyst what is the one of condition required for esterification
Ester and water
What does carboxylic acid and alcohol form?
Hydrochloric or sulfuric acid
What can the acid catalyst for esterification be either of?
Hydrogen ions
What from the acid catalysts are actually used in the process, the 'actual' catalysts.
More reactive
What is the difference between Acid anhydrides and carboxylic acids (property)
No catalyst required
In what way is the reaction of an Acid anhydride with alcohol easier than carboxylic acid with alcohol (condition)
Ester and Carboxylic acid
What is formed from the reaction of Acid anhydride and alcohol
-oic acid
What is the nomenclature for carboxylic acids.