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43 terms

Nail Growth/Disorders/Diseases

Milady Chapter 21
STUDY
PLAY
APPENDAGE
an external body part that projects from the body
DESCRIBE A HEALTHY NAIL
translucent, shows pink of nail bed, nail is white, porous, horny layer, composed of keratin
WHAT IS THE TECHNICAL TERM FOR NAIL
ONYX
Nail Bed
portion of the skin on which the nail plate rests
Matrix
nail root, where nail is formed
Nail Plate
Nail body that rests on nail bed
Cuticular System
Cuticle, eponychium and hyponychium
Free Edge
part of the nail plate that extends over the tip of the finger or toe
Cuticle
crescent of toughened skin around the base of the nail
Eponychium
extension of the cuticle at the base of the nail body that partly overlaps the lunula
Hponychium
thickened skin under the free edge of the nail
Mantle
deep fold of skin in which matrix is lodged
Blue Nail
discolored nail caused by poor circulation
Corrugations
wavy ridges
Eggshell nails
Noticeably thin, white nail plate that is more flexible than normal.
Furrows
depressions in the nail length or cross wise
Agnail
hangnail, split dry cuticle
Leukonychia
white spots
Melanoychia
dark spots
Onychatrophia
atrophy or wasting away of the nail
Onychauxis
hypertrophy, overgrowth of the nail
Onychophagy
bitten nails
Onychorrhexis
abnormal brittleness
Plicatured nails
folded nail
Pterygium
forward growth of the eponychium
Tile-shaped nail
increased crosswise curvature
Trumpet nail
Pincer nail,nail plate curves around to form the shape of a trumpet or cone
Fungus
vegetable parasite
Pseudeomonas aeruginosa
naturally occuring bacteria trapped between an aritificial nail and nail plate
Onychosis
Technical term for any nail deformity or disease
Onychia
inflammation of the matrix
Onyx
technical term for nail
Onychocryptosis
ingrown nail
Onychogryposis
thickening and increased lengthwise curvature of the nail
Onycholysis
loosening of the nail
Onychomadesis
separation and falling off of nail
Onychoposis
horny growth of nail epithelium
Onychoptosis
periodic shedding
Paronychia
bacterial infection and inflammation of tissue surrounding the nail
Pyogenic Granuloma
severe inflamation of the nail, lump of red tissue grows up from nail bed to plate
Tinea
ringworm, vegetable parasite
Tinea Pedis
ringworm of the foot
Tinea Unguium
onychomycosis, ringworm of the nail