Sports Medicine: Therapeutic Modalities
Terms in this set (25)
What is P.R.I.C.E.?
Protection,Rest, Ice, Compress, Elevate
What is P.RICE effective for?
Initial control of bleeding, swelling, spasm, pain
What are ice packs?
flaked of crushed ice in a plastic bag
What are ice packs effective for?
conforms to body's contours
best combined w/ rice
How to use ice packs:
Fill bag w/ ice
Conform to body area
Remove excess air
Apply and secure with ace wrap
What is an ice massage and what is it effective for?
paper cups filled 3/4 w/ water and frozen
How to perform ice massage:
Peel down paper to ice cylinder
Rub over affected area until pink (7-10 minutes)
What is ice immersion?
Whirlpool tank, bucket, or other container filled w/ water and ice
What is ice immersion effective for?
highly contoured areas like hand
ROM exercises done simultaneously
What is a chemical coolant/ Vapocoolant spray?
cold sprays which use rapid evaporation of chemicals to freeze skin
What is chemical coolant effective for?
prior to stretching: trigger points, myofacial pain
What are heat packs?
hydrocollator pack which contain silicate gel in a cotton pad immersed in 170 degree water
What are heat packs used for?
sub-acute strains, spasms, tendinitis
What is an ultrasound?
Sound waves delivered through a transducer which bounce between tissues and applicator causing tissue vibration to create heat
What is an ultrasound used for?
sub-acute tendinitis, bursitis, spasms
reducing scar tissues
heating of deep tissue
What is a hot whirlpool?
tank w/ turbine motor that moves water and air
combines thermotherapy and hydromassage
What do contrast baths do?
produces vasodilation from thermotherapy and vasoconstriction from cryotherapy to increase circulation, reduce swelling, and restore ROM
What are contrast baths effective for?
What are contrast bath contraindications?
What does electrotherapy (electrical stimulation) do?
a way to decrease pain, increase blood flow, increase ROM, re-educate muscles, decrease atrophy
What is electrotherapy used for?
strain, spasm, muscle weakness, inflammation
What are contraindications of electrotherapy?
pacemakers, near malignancies, bleeding, pregnancy
What do massages do?
increase circulation, increase venous flow, stretch scar tissue, relax muscle, stimulate cell metabolism
What are the indications of massage?
sub-acute injuries, spasms, tendinitis, stiff and sore muscles
What are massage contraindications?
acute injuries, contusions, hemorrhaging, infection, blood clots, nerve damage, skin disease