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Semester Two Vocabulary
Terms in this set (168)
1. animated; vivacious; effervescent. 2. witty; brilliantly clever
1. unyielding; unalterable. 2. not to be persuaded, moved, or affected by prayers or entreaties
1. characterized by or requiring a sitting posture. 2. accustomed to sit or rest a great deal or to take little exercise
1. tending to delay or procrastinate; slow; tardy. 2. intended to cause delay, gain time, or defer decision.
1. unruly 2. readily angered; peevish; irritable; quarrelsome
having or showing a disposition to avoid exertion; slothful
a feeling of quiet pleasure or security, often while unaware of some potential danger, defect, or the like; self-satisfaction or smug satisfaction with an existing situation, condition, etc.
1. caused by or involving disease; morbid. 2. caused by or evidencing a mentally disturbed condition.
bulkiness or largeness of body; fatness; portliness
1. thin or slender in form, as a thread. 2. lacking a sound basis, as reasoning; unsubstantiated; weak. 3. thin in consistency; rare or rarefied. 4. of slight importance or significance; unsubstantial. 5. lacking in clarity; vague.
a foot of two syllables, a short followed by a long in quantitative meter, or an unstressed followed by a stressed in accentual meter, as in Come live / with me / and be / my love.
the metrical analysis of verse. The usual marks for scansion are ˘ for a short or unaccented syllable, ¯ or for a long or accented syllable, ^ for a rest, | for a foot division, and ‖ for a caesura or pause.
prominent or conspicuous
shining forth brilliantly; radiant
1. characterized as being performed, exercised, received, or suffered in place of another. 2. marked by taking the place of another person or thing; acting or serving as a substitute. 3. reflecting enjoyment through imagined participation in the experience of others.
1. having the same measure; of equal extent or duration. 2. corresponding in amount, magnitude, or degree. 3. proportionate; adequate.
1. an increase by natural growth or by gradual external addition; growth in size or extent. 2. an added part; addition. 3. the growing together of separate parts into a single whole.
1. to express earnest disapproval of. 2. to urge reasons against; protest against (a scheme, purpose, etc.). 3. to depreciate; belittle.
mental or emotional stability or composure, especially under tension or strain; calmness; equilibrium.
excessively talkative in a rambling, roundabout manner, especially about trivial matters.
1. an indication or omen of something about to happen, especially something momentous. 2. threatening or disquieting significance. 3. a prodigy or marvel.
1. generous in forgiving an insult or injury; free from petty resentfulness or vindictiveness. 2. high-minded; noble.
iambic pentameter (n.)
a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable
blank verse (n.)
unrhymed verse, especially the unrhymed iambic pentameter most frequently used in English dramatic, epic, and reflective verse.
1. taking or showing extreme care about minute details; precise; thorough. 2. finicky; fussy
1. not quick or alert in perception, feeling, or intellect; not sensitive or observant; dull. 2. not sharp, acute, or pointed; blunt in form. 3. indistinctly felt or perceived, as pain or sound.
1. to swing or move to and fro, as a pendulum does. 2. to vary or vacillate between differing beliefs, opinions, conditions, etc.
continuing without interruption; ceaseless; unending
burdensome, oppressive, or troublesome; causing hardship
1. characterized by expending, bestowing, or occurring in profusion. 2. using or giving in great amounts; prodigal
1. hazy, vague, indistinct, or confused 2. cloudy or cloudlike
1. changeable; volatile; fickle; flighty; erratic. 2. animated; lively; sprightly; quick-witted.
using few words; expressing much in few words; concise
1. vanishing; fading away; fleeting. 2. tending to become imperceptible; scarcely perceptible.
a poem, properly expressive of a single, complete thought, idea, or sentiment, of 14 lines, usually in iambic pentameter, with rhymes arranged according to one of certain definite schemes, being in the strict or Italian form divided into a major group of 8 lines (the octave) followed by a minor group of 6 lines (the sestet), and in a common English form into 3 quatrains followed by a couplet.
an arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem.
1. not easily controlled or directed; not docile or manageable; stubborn; obstinate. 2. (of things) hard to shape or work with. 3. hard to treat, relieve, or cure
1. of, pertaining to, or resembling sulfuric acid. 2. very caustic; scathing
1. of or pertaining to a child or to childhood. 2. childishly foolish; immature or trivial.
1. harsh; strident; grating. 2. rowdy; disorderly.
to speak ill of; defame; slander
relation; connection, especially harmonious or sympathetic relation
a tendency to think favorably of something in particular; partiality; preference
1. a delay or cessation for a time, especially of anything distressing or trying; an interval of relief. 2. temporary suspension of the execution of a person condemned to death; reprieve.
1. a depraved, unprincipled, or wicked person. 2. a person rejected by god and beyond hope of salvation.
a stanza or poem of four line, usually with alternate rhymes
a stanza of eight lines
1. the quality of being mendacious; untruthfulness; tendency to lie. 2. an instance of lying; falsehood.
to depart in a sudden and secret manner, especially to avoid capture and legal prosecution.
to express sharp, stern disapproval of; reprove; reprimand
1. being more than is sufficient or required; excessive. 2. unnecessary or needless.
1. swollen, or affected with swelling, as a part of the body. 2. pompous or inflated, as language; turgid; bombastic.
1. a personally offensive act or word; deliberate act or display of disrespect; intentional slight; insult 2. an offense to one's dignity
1. moving, acting, working, proceeding, etc., with ease, sometimes with superficiality 2. easily done, performed, used, etc. 3. easy or unconstrained, as manners or persons. 4. affable, agreeable, or complaisant; easily influenced.
1. unusually advanced or mature in development, especially mental development 2. prematurely developed, as the mind, faculties, etc. 3.
of or pertaining to premature development.
1. to pass into or through every part of: 2. to be diffused through; pervade; saturate.
bending readily; pliant; limber; supple; flexible
1. a stanza of six lines. 2. the last six lines of a sonnet in the Italian form, considered as a unit.
a pair of successive lines of verse, especially a pair that rhyme and are of the same length.
insatiable greed for riches; inordinate, miserly desire to gain and hoard wealth.
1. to attack vigorously or violently; assault. 2. to attack with arguments, criticism, ridicule, abuse, etc. 3. to undertake with the purpose of mastering. 4. to impinge upon; make an impact on; beset.
to make or become better, more bearable, or more satisfactory; improve.
the state of being an accomplice; partnership or involvement in wrongdoing.
1. pertaining to a sense of the beautiful. 2. pertaining to, involving, or concerned with pure emotion and sensation as opposed to pure intellectuality.
a characteristic, habit, mannerism, or the like, that is peculiar to an individual.
a feeling of utter weariness and discontent resulting from satiety or lack of interest; boredom
the highest or climactic point of something, especially as attained after a long time
1. excessively particular, critical, or demanding; hard to please. 2. requiring or characterized by excessive care or delicacy; painstaking.
power, might, or force.
carpe diem (n.)
seize the day; enjoy the present, as opposed to placing all hope in the future. The phrase is used in poetry to describe poems that express the idea that one should enjoy life while one can, enjoying the pleasures of the moment, without concern for the future
1. any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality: "Richard the Lion-Hearted" is one of Richard I. 2. a characterizing word or phrase firmly associated with a person or thing and often used in place of an actual name, title, or the like, as "man's best friend" for "dog." 3. a word, phrase, or expression used invectively as a term of abuse or contempt, to express hostility, etc.
marked by or characterized by sickly sentimentality or weakly emotion; in a maudlin manner.
1. of, pertaining to, or belonging as a part of the whole; constituent or component 2. necessary to the completeness of the whole 3. consisting or composed of parts that together constitute a whole. 4. entire; complete; whole
1. anxious or concerned (usually followed by about, for, etc., or a clause) 2. anxiously desirous 3. eager (usually followed by an infinitive)
dehydrated or powdered
1. to try to equal or excel; imitate with effort to equal or surpass 2. to rival with some degree of success
1. offense; annoyance; displeasure 2. the slightest indication or vaguest feeling of suspicion, doubt, hostility, or the like.
1. sour or astringent in taste 2. harsh or severe, as of temper or expression
1. an artistic composition, especially literary or dramatic, that, for the sake of laughter, vulgarizes lofty material or treats ordinary material with mock dignity. 2. any ludicrous parody or grotesque caricature.
deficient in veneration or respect
1. any award, honor, or laudatory notice 2. a light touch on the shoulder with the flat side of the sword or formerly by an embrace, done in the ceremony of conferring knighthood.
1. unmoved by persuasion, pity, or tender feelings; stubborn; unyielding. 2. stubbornly resistant to moral influence; persistently impenitent
integrity and uprightness; honesty
1. frank; outspoken; open and sincere 2. free from reservation, disguise, or subterfuge; straightforward 3. informal; unposed 4. honest; impartial
1. using or showing judgment as to action or practical expediency; discreet, prudent, or politic 2. having, exercising, or characterized by good or discriminating judgment; wise, sensible, or well-advised
keen insight; shrewdness
devoid of freshness or originality; hackneyed; trite
eager or excessive desire, especially to possess something; greed; avarice.
1. selecting or choosing from various sources. 2. made up of what is selected from different sources. 3. not following any one system, as of philosophy, medicine, etc., but selecting and using what are considered the best elements of all systems.
1. a large, powerful, or violent whirlpool. 2. a restless, disordered, or tumultuous state of affairs
beginning to exist or develop
1. to confuse, bewilder, or stupefy. 2. to make obscure or unclear 3. to darken.
1. not easily excited to action or display of emotion; apathetic; sluggish. 2. self-possessed, calm, or composed.
1. readily assuming different forms or characters; extremely variable. 2. changeable in shape or form, as an amoeba.
1. daily 2. usual or customary; everyday 3. ordinary; commonplace
1. commonplace or dull; matter-of-fact or unimaginative 2. of or having the character or form of prose rather than poetry.
mournful, dismal, or gloomy, especially in an affected, exaggerated, or unrelieved manner
1. grossly or obscenely abusive
2. characterized by or using low buffoonery; coarsely jocular or derisive
existing or being everywhere, especially at the same time; omnipresent
to scatter or spread widely, as though sowing seed; promulgate extensively; broadcast; disperse
1. easily provoked to anger; very irritable 2. characterized or produced by anger
1. smallness of quantity; scarcity; scantiness 2. smallness or insufficiency of number; fewness.
subject to, led by, or indicative of caprice or whim; erratic
1. that is to be feared; formidable. 2. commanding or evoking respect, reverence, or the like.
report or represent in outline
to shorten by cutting off a part; cut short
1. to defraud; cheat 2. to evade payment of (a debt). 3. to frustrate 4. to escape from; elude
uncertainty or fluctuation, especially when caused by inability to make a choice or by a simultaneous desire to say or do two opposite or conflicting things
portending evil or harm; foreboding; threatening; inauspicious
1. vile, shameful, or base character; depravity. 2. a vile or depraved act
to coax or influence by gentle flattery; cajole
a destructive fire, usually an extensive one
tearfully or weakly emotional; foolishly sentimental
1. characterized by excessive piousness or moralistic fervor, especially in an affected manner; excessively smooth, suave, or smug. 2. of the nature of or characteristic of an unguent or ointment; oily; greasy. 3. having an oily or soapy feel, as certain minerals
vulgar or indecent in speech, language, etc.; coarsely mocking, abusive, or irreverent; scurrilous
1. habitual observance of truth in speech or statement; truthfulness 2. conformity to truth or fact; accuracy 3. correctness or accuracy, as of the senses or of a scientific instrument. 4. something veracious; a truth.
to mix or merge so as to make a combination; blend; unite; combine
1. a remedy for all disease or ills; cure-all. 2. an answer or solution for all problems or difficulties
extreme preoccupation with and indulgence of one's feelings, desires, etc.; egoistic self-absorption
1. green with vegetation; covered with growing plants or grass 2. of the color green 3. inexperienced; unsophisticated
1. keenly distressing to the feelings 2. keen or strong in mental appeal 3. affecting or moving the emotions
1. an agreeable way or manner; courtesy; civility 2. any feature that provides comfort, convenience, or pleasure 3. the quality of being pleasing or agreeable in situation, prospect, disposition, etc.; pleasantness
physical beauty; comeliness.
1. an inadequate supply; scarcity; lack 2. scarcity and dearness of food; famine.
extraordinary in some bad way; glaring; flagrant
having a disparaging, derogatory, or belittling effect or force
1. a person or thing that ruins or spoils 2. a deadly poison (often used in combination, as in the names of poisonous plants) 3. death; destruction; ruin.
1. not genuine, authentic, or true; not from the claimed, pretended, or proper source; counterfeit. 2. of illegitimate birth; bastard.
1. characterized by or expressing goodwill or kindly feelings 2. desiring to help others; charitable 3. intended for benefits rather than profit
1. to roll about or lie in water, snow, mud, dust, or the like, as for refreshment 2. to live self-indulgently; luxuriate; revel 3. to flounder about; move along or proceed clumsily or with difficulty
1. injurious to health. 2. harmful; injurious
1. intended for instruction; instructive 2. inclined to teach or lecture others too much 3. teaching or intending to teach a moral lesson.
characterized by bitter or scornful derision; mocking; cynical; sneering
to use or address with harsh or abusive language; revile.
sweetly or innocently charming; winning; engaging
1. of settled or sedate character; not flighty or capricious. 2. fixed, settled, or permanent.
1. lasting a very short time; short-lived; transitory 2. lasting but one day
1. extremely stingy; parsimonious; miserly. 2. extremely poor; destitute; indigent. 3. poorly or inadequately supplied; lacking in means or resources.
1. of common or frequent occurrence; prevalent; in widespread existence, activity, or use 2. current in speech or report 3. abundant, plentiful, or numerous. 4. abounding (usually followed by with).
1. to divest of sacred or hallowed character or office. 2. to divert from a sacred to a profane use or purpose. 3. to treat with sacrilege; profane.
1. lacking definite form; having no specific shape; formless 2. of no particular kind or character; indeterminate; having no pattern or structure; unorganized
(of speech, writing, etc.) high-sounding; high-flown; inflated; pretentious
1. leadership or predominant influence exercised by one nation over others, as in a confederation. 2. leadership; predominance. 3. (especially among smaller nations) aggression or expansionism by large nations in an effort to achieve world domination.
1. lacking confidence in one's own ability, worth, or fitness; timid; shy. 2. restrained or reserved in manner, conduct, etc.
1. given to whimsy or fanciful notions; capricious 2. erratic; unpredictable
1. of or belonging to the period before the Flood. Gen. 7, 8. 2. very old, old-fashioned, or out of date; antiquated; primitive
1. very sheer and light; almost completely transparent or translucent. 2. delicately hazy.
keenness of mental perception and understanding; discernment; penetration
1. gruesome; horrible; revolting 2. glaringly vivid or sensational; shocking 3. terrible in intensity, fierce passion, or unrestraint 4. lighted or shining with an unnatural, fiery glow; wildly or garishly red 5. wan, pallid, or ghastly in hue; livid.
having an offensive odor; stinking
(of skin color, complexion, etc.) dark.
crying out noisily; clamorous
to deprive of force or strength; destroy the vigor of; weaken.
hateful; odious; abominable; totally reprehensible
1. without distinctive, interesting, or stimulating qualities; vapid 2. without sufficient taste to be pleasing, as food or drink; bland
Expressing sorrow or lamentation
1. harsh discordance of sound; dissonance 2. a discordant and meaningless mixture of sounds
brief, forceful, and meaningful in expression; full of vigor, substance, or meaning; terse; forcible
to abstain or keep away from; shun; avoid
to persuade by flattery or promises; wheedle; coax
a self-seeking, servile flatterer; fawning parasite
made commonplace or trite; stale; banal
1. an animal, perhaps the hippopotamus, mentioned in job 40:15-24. 2. any creature or thing of monstrous size or power
to prick or drive into action; prod; incite
1. to make known by open declaration; publish; proclaim formally or put into operation (a law, decree of a court, etc.). 2. to set forth or teach publicly (a creed, doctrine, etc.)
1. to polish (a surface) by friction. 2. to make smooth and bright.
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