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49 terms

Musculoskeletal disorders

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orthopedist
bone specialist
podiatrist
foot specialist
ankylosis
loss or absence of mobility in a joint, resulting in a "crooked" joint
arthrosclerosis
stiffness of the joints
bursitis
inflammation of a bursa
chondromalacia
abnormal softening of cartilage
chondroma
tumor made up of cartilage cells
costochondritis
inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the sternum
hemarthrosis
blood within a joint
synovitis
inflammation of a synovial membrane
luxation
dislocation
subluxation
partial dislocation
rheumatism
old-fashioned term for arthritis
arthritis
inflammation of the joints
osteoarthritis
wear-and-tear arthritis
rheumatoid arthritis
arthritis caused by the body's immune system attacking its own joints
spondylosis
abnormal condition of the vertebrae
lumbago
low back pain
spondylolisthesis
slipping of the vertebrae
kyphosis
abnormal curvature of the spine which gives a person a "hunch back"
lordosis
abnormal curvature of the spine where a person has a "sway back"
scoliosis
abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
craniostenosis
abnormal narrowing of the skull
ostealgia
pain in a bone
osteitis
inflammation of a bone
osteomalacia
abnormal softening of a bone
osteomyelitis
inflammation of the bone marrow and adjacent bone
osteonecrosis
death of bone tissue
periostitis
inflammation of the periosteum
myeloma
cancer of the bone marrow
osteochondroma
benign tumor of bone and cartilage
osteoporosis
abnormal condition of having porous bones
osteopenia
deficiency of bone
arthroscopy
visual exam of a joint
arthrodesis
surgical fusion of a joint
arthrolysis
surgical loosening of a stiff joint
bursectomy
surgical removal of a bursa
chondroplasty
surgical repair of cartilage
synovectomy
surgical removal of a synovial membrane of a joint
arthroplasty
surgical repair of a joint
vertebroplasty
surgical repair of a vertebrae
craniectomy
surgical removal of part of the skull
craniotomy
surgical incision of the skull
cranioplasty
surgical repair of the skull
osteoclasis
surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity
ostectomy
surgical removal of bone
osteoplasty
surgical repair of bone
osteorrhaphy
surgical suturing, or wiring together, of bones
osteotomy
surgical incision of a bone