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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Great Depression and The New Deal
Terms in this set (29)
A situation in which the economy of a country experiences a sudden downturn brought on by a financial crisis.
Measures the number of people who are able to work, but do not have a job during a period of time.
widespread panic in which great numbers of people try to redeem their paper money
Buying on Margin
paying a small percentage of a stock's price as a down payment and borrowing the rest
Herbert Hoover's belief that people must be self-reliant and not depend upon the federal government for assistance.
Unplanned slum development on the margins of cities, dominated by crude dwellings and shelters made mostly of scrap wood, iron, and even pieces of cardboard.
bill to get WW1 veterans their bonus check early to help them during the GD, did not pass
Why were Shantytowns called Hoovervilles
Showed peoples disgust with President Hoover
Who made up the Bonus Army that marched on Washington DC? What did they want?
World War 1 Vets. They wanted the Putnam Bill to be past.
How did president Hoover respond to the stock market crash.
He tried to reassure the Americans. He said "Any lack of confidence in the econic further... is foolish"
How did buying on margin contribute to the stock market crash?
Buying on margin contribtued to the stock market crash because people saw that other people were taking there money out of the bank so they thought they should to so it was a chain reaction and then they lost there money and are in debt.
A day in April 1935 in which massive storms of heavy black dirt swept through towns, choking people.
nickname for a farmer who left the Dust Bowl in search of work
A drought in the 1930s that turned the Great Planes very dry.
what are the 4 causes of the dust bowl
Drought, High wind, overproduction of crops, loss of prairie grasses due to overplowing
What part of the united states was affected by the dust bowl.
People who lost their farms during the dust bowl generally moved where? Why that location?
They moved to California. Was a source of cheap labor. Cheap farm jobs.
How did many california view dust bowls refugees (okies)
Okies were not welcome as they added to the job completion of the area.
What natural disaster occurred on Black Sunday.
The Dust Bowl
A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression.
informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people
Civilian Conservation Corp (CCC)
A major public works program in the United States during the Great Depression.
Tennessee Valley Authority
A relief, recovery, and reform effort that gave 2.5 million poor citizens jobs and land. It brought cheap electric power, low-cost housing, cheap nitrates, and the restoration of eroded soil.
Social Security Act
(FDR) 1935, guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health
What event pulled the United States out of the Great Depression
World War II
What are the 3 reasons of Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal Programs
Relief, Recovery, Reform
How did Roosevelt's Fireside Chat's win him the lasting support of the voters?
It made the people trust him and support him more because it made the people more assured.
Discuss the differences between President Hoover and President FDR's approach to the Great Depression.
President Hoover didn't care about the people he only cared about himself but FDR, he cared about the people and wanted to help the people so he made a fireside chat and it made the people trust him and that is why they liked him more than they liked Hoover.
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