Chapter 17: Revolution and Enlightenment 1500-1800
Revolution and Enlightenment 1500-1800
Terms in this set (24)
earth-centered; a system of planetary motion that places Earth at the center of the universe, with the sun and moon and other planets revolving around it
sun-centered, conception of the universe offereed a more accurate explanation than did the ptolemaic system
a native of Poland published "On the revolutions of the Heavenly spheres" mathematician, heliocentric
systematic procedure for collecting and analyzing evidence. This is crucial to the evolution of science in the modern world
English philosopher with few scientific credentials. He believed scientists should not rely on the ideas of ancient authorites. Instead learn about nature by inductive reasoning
proceeding from the particular to the general
17th century Englishman, believed every person was born with a tabula rusa, or blank mind
French noble, his famous work "the sprit of laws (1748)" was a study of governments. In it he ised the scientific method to try to find the natural laws and social and political relationships of human beings
separation of powers
In this separation, the executive, legislative, and judicial powers of the government limit and control each other i na system of checks and balances
Most famous philosopher of the later enlightenment, held various jobs and moved his way to Paris where he was introduced into the circle of philosophes
universal law of gravition
the gravitational force between objects depends on their masses and decreases rapidly as the distance between the objects increase and explains why the plants rotate the way they do
the belief that reason is the chief source of knowledge
a systematic procedure for collecting and analyzing evidence
Collecting data to draw a conclusion that may or may not be true.
separation of powers
A feature of the Constitution that requires each of the three branches of government—executive, legislative, and judicial—to be relatively independent of the others so that one cannot control the others. Power is shared among these three institutions.
"A form of rationalism that admits a natural, rational religion, and therefore a belief in God, based on philosophical theology."
Policy that government should interfere as little as possible in the nation's economy.
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their rights and welfare by creating a government and abiding by its rules.
salons were elegant drawing rooms of the wealthy upper class great urban houses
rococo emphasized grace,charm,and grntle action
system in which rulers tried to govern by enlightenment principles while maintaining their full royal powers
A person of mixed Native American and (spanish) European ancestory
People of African and European descent
A government that divides the powers of government between the national government and state or provincial governments
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