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a melodic idea used as a building block in a large-scale work and can be broken into small, component fragments known as motives.
Large-scale compositions, such as symphonies and sonatas, are divided into sections, or movements.
llegro (fast), moderato (moderate), adagio (quite slow), accelerando (speeding up the pace), and ritardando (slowing the pace).
describe the volume, or how loud or soft the music is played; Italian dynamic terms include forte (loud) and piano (soft).
aerophones (such as flutes or horns), chordophones (such as violins or guitars), idiophones (such as bells or cymbals) and membranophones (drums).
violin, viola, cello, and double bass; plucked strings include harp and guitar.
idiophones (xylophone, cymbals, triangle) and membranophones (timpani, bass drum); some instruments are pitched (chimes) while others are unpitched (tambourine).
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