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27 terms

Poetry Terms

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ballad
poem in verse form that tells a story and is meant to be sung or recited
elegy
poem of lament, praise, and consolation, usually formal and sustained, over the death of a person; medtitative poem in a plantive or sorrowful mood
epic
extended narrative poem, usually simple in consturction, but grand in scope, exalted in style, heroic in theme, often expression to the ideas of a nation or race
lyric
speaker's expression of a emotional element, brief
ode
type of lyric or melic verse, usually irregular, considerable length, sometimes divided in accordance with transitions of throught and mood
sonnett
14 lines, grouped in 3 quatrains, followed by a detached rhyme
figurative language
words, phrases, symbols, and ideas that evoke mental images
imagery
elements in a literary work used to evoke mental images
metaphor
word or phrase literally denoting 1 object or idea is applied to another, thereby sugesting a likeness or anology
simile
comparison is made between 2 unalike things using like or as
personification
distinctive human characteristics are given to an animal or object
poetic sound devices
techniques that a poet uses to create a certin sound or musical quality in his/her poetry
alliteration
also called head rhyme or initial rhyme, the repetition of the inital sounds of stress syllables in neighboring wors or at short intervals with in a line or passage
assonance
relatively close juxtapositions of the same or similar vowel sound, but with different end consonants in a line or passage, thus a vowel rhyme
consonance
close repetition of the same end consonants of stressed syllables with differerent vowel sounds
onomatopoeia
using words that imitate the sound they denote
repetion
basic artistic device, fundamental to any conception of poetry
rhythem
essential of all poetry, regular or progressive of recurrent accents in the flow of a poem as determined by the arses and theses of the metrical feet
rhyme
be similar in sound, especially with respect to the last syllable
rhyme scheme
pattern established by the arrangement of rhymes in a stanza or poem
diction
choice of words, phrases, sentence structures, and figuratative language in literary work
denotation
literal dictionary meanings of a word
connotation
suggestion of a meaning by a word beyond what is explicitly denotes
allusion
implied or indirect reference to something assumed to be known
apostrophe
address is made to an absent or deceased person or a peronified thing rhetorically
oxymoron
conjoining contradictory terms
pun
play on words