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Location Hierarchy Flash Cards - Silas Wesner
Terms in this set (14)
What are the three components that are used in
measuring urban geography? Explain why each is important.
The three components used to measure urban geography are population, trade area, and distance. Distance is important because it affects the situation of the trade area where majority of the economic activity from the population. And the population affects the space available for goods/services and housing in a city.
What is rank-size rule? Does it apply to all
countries? Why or why not?
The rank-size rule means the primate city is double the population than the second largest city and it doesn't affect all countries because different states have more dense or dispersed populations. However, the rule is applicable to many countries and is a good outline for them.
Basic industries and nonbasic industries form the
economic base of cities and generate tax revenue
and employment. What are basic and nonbasic
A basic industry is economic-activity involving businesses selling outside city limits while nonbasic industries are local businesses that sell to people in the city.
Deindustrialization results in a post-industrial city.
How does the employment structure change as a
result? (Be sure to use terms associated with
economic levels of activity.)
Once deindustrialization results in a post-industrial city the economic activity changes from the industry sector to the service sector.
Areas are classified in a hierarchy depending on
population. Place the following terms/areas in
order: hamlets, cities, metropolises, world cities,
unincorporated areas, villages,
megalopolis/conurbation, and town.
Least to most developed: Unincorporated areas, hamlets, villages, town, cities, metropolises, megalopolis, world cities.
Using the hierarchy from the previous card, place the
descriptors with each area: must be over 50,000 people, financial capitals, exist on the fringes of suburbs, tens of thousands of people, found mainly in the Great Plains, clustered around a local gas station or general store, host global events, has several metropolitan areas, found in rural areas, has 50 to a few thousand people, found in the Western part of the United States, home to many transnational corporations, has suburbs where people commute to work, has 50 or more people but may not offer services like libraries or schools
Unincorporated Area: Found mainly in the Great Plains
Hamlet: Clustered around a local gas station or general store, has 50 or more people but may not offer services like libraries or schools
Village: Found in rural areas, found in the Western part of the United
Megalopolis: Has several metropolitan areas
Metropolis: Financial capitals
World City: Host global events, home to many transnational corporations
Town: Exist on the fringes of suburbs, tens of thousands of peoples
City: Has suburbs where people commute to work must be over 50,000 people
Using the areas from Card 5 and your descriptions
from Card 6, come up with an example (specific place) for each level.
Unincorporated Area: Nutbush, Tennessee
Hamlet: Graby, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship
Village: Hakka people of Southern China
City: Chicago, IL
Metropolis: Manhattan, NY
Megalopolis: BocWash, Boston to Washington D.C.
World City: New York, NY
There are different city types. One type of city is
called emerging. What do you think that means and
see if you can give an example (hint: think of a city in China)?
An example of an emerging city in China is Shanghai.
Another type of city is called a gateway city. Think
about what a gate does and see if you can come up
with a definition. The following cities have been
considered or are considered gateway cities: Boston,
New York City, San Francisco, St. Louis, Sydney
(Australia), Istanbul (also known as Constantinople, Turkey). Why?
A gateway city is a city that serves as the connector between two areas or regions; they influence each other.
An area within a large urban center that can
accommodate large numbers of people for
celebrations is called a festival landscape. New York
City and London have festival landscapes. What are they called?
New York = Times Square
London = Trafalgar Square.
Cityscape is artwork that shows a city. Give an
example of cityscape. Many countries are trying to
create memorable cityscape, why?
A cityscape would be Cape Town in South Africa. Countries create these cityscapes to possibly try to attract tourist so they can benefit and make money off of tourism.
A symbolic landscape is an urban landscape that
reflects the city's history and it has become
synonymous with the city. Give an example.
An example of symbolic landscape would be the Temple Mount located in Jerusalem, Palestine/Israel.
Central Place Theory. Give a general definition of
the theory, who devised it, what assumptions he
makes, and what practical conclusions can be made from the model.
This is a theory which shows where towns, villages and other functions are located in accordance to the central city. This theory was devised by Walter Christaller and in this theory he assumes that there is uniform soil, flat geography, even spread of population and resources. The conclusions of the model are that larger cities are farther away from each other than smaller cities are closer to each other, and that places of same size and function will be spaced similarly apart.
Construct the central place theory model. Make sure
you explain the different parts of the model.
In the center of the hexagon, there is the central city (central market). Each city is equidistant to other large cities. There are towns outside of the cities which are all equidistant to the cities and this is where usually more wealth people live, while smaller hamlets are located in towards the central city,. as well as villages behind the hamlet layer, which usually poorer people live in.
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