US History - New Deal Vocabulary
Terms in this set (20)
First Hundred Days
During this time, FDR had managed to get Congress to pass an unprecedented amount of new legislation that would revolutionize the role of the federal government from that point on.
American Liberty League
A conservative anti-New Deal organization; led by Al Smith. It criticized the "dictatorial" policies of FDR and what it perceived to be his attacks on the free enterprise system.
A plan proposed by Francis Townsend in 1933 that would give $200 a month (about $3,300 today) to citizens over the age of sixty. Townsend Clubs sprang up across the country in support of the plan, mobilizing mass support for old-age pensions. This became part of the Social Security Act.
settling a dispute by agreeing to accept the decision of an impartial outsider
government programs that protect people suffering from bad economic conditions
Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938
1938 act which provided for a minimum wage and restricted shipments of goods produced with child labor
role of the government to work out conflicts (mediate) between competing interest groups
Where FDR tried to add more members to the Supreme Court to pass his programs.
Bank Holiday 1933
FDR declared that all banks were to be closed on March 6, 1933. A few days later he allowed the reopening of economically sound banks.
Social Security Act (SSA)
1935, guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
New Deal program that hired unemployed men to work on natural conservation projects
Wagner Act (1935)
(National Labor Relations Act) gives workers the right to organize a union and bargain with management.
radio broadcasts made by FDR to the American people to explain his initiatives
As senator Long preached his "Share Our Wealth" programs. With a tax on incomes of the very wealthy, Long proposed to give every American family a comfortable minimum income.
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
Hires jobless people to build public buildings and parks.
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
Gave farmers money to reduce crop planting to restore the prices of their goods to a reasonable level
Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)
a labor organization established in 1938 to organize workers by industry rather than by occupation or skill
National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)
a law passed by Congress in 1933 to increase production while boosting wages and prices; it created the National Recovery Administration
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
Federally insured banks so that the mass banks failures can never happen again
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
monitors the stock market and enforces laws regulating the sale of stocks and bonds (protects against fraud and over-speculation)
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U.S. History Vocabulary 2.1