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What is a producer?
an organism that can make it's own food by using energy from their surroundings. (Photosynthesis)
What is a decomposer?
an organism that gets its food by breaking down the nutrients in dead organisms or animal wastes.
Molecules found in living things are made up of what elements?
carbon, hydrogen, sulfur, nitrogen, oxygen, and phosphorus
How do organisms make proteins?
by breaking down the proteins in foods to supply their cells with amino acids that are then linked together to form new proteins.
made of one sugar molecule or a few sugar molecules linked together which makes them quick to absorb.
How do organisms store extra sugar?
as complex carbohydrates. These take more time to break down, so they give energy over a longer period of time.
When an organism has used up most of its carbohydrates, what does it get energy from?
fats and oils (lipids that store energy)
provides fuel for cellular activities:
the energy in carbohydrates and lipids must first be transferred to ATP
the "blueprint" of life - contains all the information needed for a cell to make proteins.
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