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Human Geography

one of the two major divisions of geography, the spatial anaylysis of human populations, its cultures, activities, and landscapes

Physical Geography

one of the 2 major divisions of systematic geography; the spatial analysis of the structure, processses, and location of the Earth's natural phenomena such as climate, soil, plants, animals, and toposgraphy.


pertaining to space on Earth's surface; sometimes used as a synonym for geographic.

Spatial Distribution

physical location of geographic phenomena across space.


the design of a spatial distribution

Medical Geography

the study of health and disease within a geographic context and from a geographical perspective. Amon other things, medical geography looks at source, diffusion routes, and distribution of diseases


outbreak of a disease that spreads worldwide


regional outbreak of a disease

Spatial Perspective

observing variations in geographic phenomena across space.

Five Themes

location, human environment, region, place, and movement


first themes of geography. Geographical situation of people and things.

Location Theory

Logical attempt to explain the locational pattern of economic activity and the manner in which producing area are interrelated.

Human Environment

The second theme of geography as defined by the geography as defined by the Geography Educational National Implementation project reciprocal relationships between human and environment


The third theme of geography;area of Earth's surface marked by a degreee of formal, functional, or perceptual homogeneity of some phenomen.


fourth theme of geography;uniqueness of a location.

sense of place

state of mind derived through the infusion of a place with meaning and emotion by remembering important events that occurred in that place or by labeling a place with a certain character.

Perceptions of Places

belief or understanding about a place developed through books, movies, stories, or pictures


Fifth theme of geography; The mobility of people, goods, and ideas across the surface of the planet.

Spatial Interaction

physical location of geographic phenomena across space


Measurement of the physical space between 2 planes.


The degree of ease with which it is possible to reach a certain location from other locations.


The degree of direct linkage between one particular location and other locations in a transport network.


Overall appearance of an area.

Cultural Landscape

Visible imprint of human activity on the landscape, buildings, etc.

Sequent Occupance

Notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape.


Art and science of making maps.

Reference Maps

maps showing the absolute location of places and geographic features determined my a frame of refereence, typically latitude and longitude.

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