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Terms in this set (30)
What is a polis?
Small, independent Greek City-State
What is a democracy?
Rule of the people
What is a direct democracy?
All citizens debate and vote on every issue
What is a representative democracy?
Citizens elect officials to make the laws
How is our government modeled from Athenian democracy?
In Athens- every citizen was part of the government through debate and helping to write laws; citizens participated in government and decision making, in our government, like in Athens, citizens have an opportunity to vote in America's citizen elect officials to write laws; citizens vote
What is an oligarchy?
Few people control government in Sparta
What are myths?
Explain how natural and historical events happened
Who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey?
Describe the Athenians and their way of life.
Athens focused on learning and democracy; Sparta- soldiers and military
How was Greece able to win the Persian War?
Independent Greek city-states United togather
Who was Phillip of Macedonia, and why was he able to conquer Greece?
Peloponnesian War weaken Greece so Phillip came in and took over Greece
Why is Alexander the Great well known?
Spread Empire to Indus River through military conquest; spread Greek culture into those areas influences Western civilization today
Why did Alexander the Great affect us today?
Spread Hellenistic way of life and counting s to influence Western culture
What is the Parthenon, and which Greek architectural feature does it have? Who was it build to honor?
Built to honor goddess Athena; has columns; temples
What did Socrates contribute to Greece?
Philosopher questioned Athenian government and religion
What did Plato contribute to Greece?
Philosopher wrote about government
Why did Alexander the Great spread Greek culture?
Valued and enjoyed Greek culture from days as Aristotle's student
What did Aristotle contribute to Greece?
Philosopher; student of Plato; tutored Alexander the Great
What did Archimedes contribute to the world?
Math, Engineering (science); invented water screw
What did Pythagoras contribute to the world?
What political rights did women have in Ancient Greece?
Who was a citizen with political rights in Ancient Greece?
Landowning males over 18 years old
What was the Greek religion?
What are the key principles of Confucianism?
Respect and focus on moral behaviors and responsibilities
What do Egypt, India, and China all have in common?
Founded along fertile river valleys
What was the route of the Silk Road?
China to Mediterranean Sea
What does Taoism believe?
Harmony with nature
Which philosophy has a Yin-Yang symbol?
How did the Qins standardization of carts, roads, and money effect in China?
assisted in increasing trade
How did the agricultural revolution affect the world?
People started to farm instead of being nomads
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