Music (Romantic Era)
Terms in this set (33)
2-7 minute pieces
what are german miniatures called
best lieder composer
- wrote over 600
most famous schubert lied
Erlking (4 voices)
piano miniature composers
-works are very difficult to play
- famous pieces: La Campanella and Hungarian Rhapsody
-nickname is "poet of the piano"
-great composer for piano
-utilized tempo rubato (robbed timed)
-famous pieces: Polonaisess, mazurkas, and nocturnes
Romantic Program Music
-symphony fantastique (H. Berlioz)
- 1812 overture (P.I. Tchaikovsky)
-tone poem (replaced symphonies)
- Also Sprach Zarathstra (R. Strauss)
-Incidental music (music that accompanies a play)
- Peer Gynt Suite (E. Grieg)
New romantic schools of music
-Edward Elgar (wrote Pomp and Circumstance)
-Ralph Vaughan Williams
-Antonin Dvorak (9th symphony is in Jaws)
-Bedrich Smetana (wrote Moldau)
-Jean Sibelius (wrote Finlandia)
- P.I. Tchaikovsky (did not follow Glinka's ways)
Memebers of Mighty 5
father of the russian school
What did Tchaikovsky write
- The Nutcracker
- Swan lake
- Sleeping Beauty
Italian opera composers
Gaetano Donizetti wrote.....
V. Bellini wrote....
Giachino Rossini wrote...
-William Tell Overture
-Barber of Seville (Figaro!)
-created verismo opera (realism)
Giuseppe Verdi wrote....
-Aida (Celeste Aida)
-Rigoletto (La Donna e Mobile)
(last three are related to shakespere)
Music Dramas of Richard Wagner
-elimination of distraction
-The Ring Cycle
when you attach a musical theme to a character, place or emotion.
ex. jaws music > shark
elimination of distraction
1. no lights in audience
2. all seats face forward
3. orchestra in a pitt
4. flow of musical action never stops (no room for clapping)
-John Phillip Sousa
-wrote Gaelic Symphony
-had viennese style
-"Father of American Folk Music"
-wrote "Camptown Races"
-wrote "The Entertainer"
-wrote piano miniatures
-pieces were extremly sycopated, he created RAG time
-John Phillip Sousa
-nickname was "The March King"
-created and was in a marine band
-wrotes hundreds of marches
What are Aria's referred as?