English 9A mrs. jones

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Terms in this set (...)

allusion
reference to a well known person, place, event literary work, or work of art.
antagonist
character or force conflict with a main character, or protagonist.
alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds.
author's purpose
the reason an author chooses to write a piece. For example, the purpose might be to inform, to persuade, or to entertain or a combination of these reasons.
character
a person, an animal, or a creature of fantasy who takes part in the action of a literary work. The main character, or protagonist, is the most important character in the story.
climax
suspense. It is the turning point in the plot. The events that make up the a literary work is the high point of interest or rising action lead up to the climax. The events that make up the falling action follow the climax.
conflict
a struggle between opposing forces. Characters in conflict form the basis of stories, novels, and plays.
dialect
the form of language spoken by people in a particular region or group. Pronunciation, vocabulary, and sentence structure are affected by dialect.
Exposition
is writing or speech that explains a process or presents information.
foreshadowing
the use in a literary work of clues that suggest events that have yet to occur. This technique helps to create suspense, keeping the readers wondering about what will happen next.
hyperbole
a deliberate exaggeration or overstatement.
imagery
the descriptive or figurative language used in literature to create word pictures for the reader.
inference
a conclusion or decision arrived at or formed by reasoning based on things known or assumed.
informational text
written for the purpose of informing an audience.
irony
contradiction between appearance or expectation and reality.
metaphor
figure of speech in which one thing is spoken of as though it were something else. Unlike a simile, which compares two unlike things USING like or as.
Mood,
feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage.
narrative text
text written to tell a story.
novel
long work of fiction. It has a plot that explores characters in conflict.
personification
a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristicS.
persuasive text
text written for the purpose of convincing or persuading another
plot
series of events in a literary work. In most novels, dramas short stories, and narrative poems, the plot involves both characters and confli ct. The exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution are all part of the plot.
poetry
one of the three major types of literature, the others being prose and drama. Most poems make use of highly concise, musical, and emotionally charged language.
point of view
vantage point from which the author presents a story. (1st & 3rd person. {singular} I He, She, it. {Plural} we they)
protagonist
main character in a literary work.
resolution-
the ending of a literary work. A general insight or change is conveyed in the resolution.
setting
literary work is the time and the place of action. Time can include not only the historical period-past, present, or future-but also a specific year, season, or time of day.
simile
figure of speech in which like or as is USED to make a comparison between two basically unlike ideas.
symbol
anything that stands for or represents something else.
theme
central message or insight into life revealed through literary work.
tone
writer's attitude toward his or her audience and subject. The tone can often be described by a single adjective, such as formal or informal, serious or playful, bitter or ironic.
universal theme
a message about life that can be understood by most cultures. Literature addresses universal themes such as The importance of courage, the effects of honesty, or man's inhumanity to man.