Terms in this set (20)
American politician who became the seventeenth president of the United States upon the assassination of Lincoln. He was impeached for his unpopular ideas about Reconstruction and held onto the office by a one-vote margin.
the period of rebuilding that followed the Civil War, during which the defeated Confederate states were readmitted to the Union.
one of the congressional Republicans who, after the Civil War, wanted to destroy the political power of former slaveholders and to give African Americans full citizenship and the right to vote.
American lawyer and politician; he was the leader of the Radical Republicans in the Reconstruction effort and was an opponent and critic of Andrew Johnson's policies.
a bill, passed in 1864 and vetoed by President Lincoln, that would have given Congress control of Reconstruction.
a federal agency set up to help former slaves after the Civil War.
the discriminatory laws passed throughout the post-Civil War South which severely restricted African Americans' lives, prohibiting such activities as traveling without permits, carrying weapons, serving on juries, testifying against whites, and marrying whites.
an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1868, that makes all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former slaves— citizens of the country and guarantees equal protection of the laws.
Ku Klux Klan
a secret organization that used terrorist tactics in an attempt to restore white supremacy in southern states after the Civil War.
panic of 1873
a series of financial failures that triggered a five-year depression in the United States.
the southern Democrats' term for their return to power in the South in the 1870s.
Rutherford B. Hayes
Nineteenth president of the United States; he was a Civil War general and hero and, in the disputed presidential election of 1876, he was chosen president by a special electoral committee.
Samuel J. Tilden
Governor of New York and candidate for president in 1876; he won the popular vote over Rutherford B. Hayes but lost the disputed electoral vote.
Compromise of 1877
a series of congressional measures under which the Democrats agreed to accept the Republican candidate Rutherford B. Hayes as president, even though he had lost the popular vote. The measures included the withdrawal of federal troops from southern states, federal money for improving southern infrastructure, and the appointment of a conservative southern cabinet member.
a state's powers of governing its citizens without federal government involvement.
a white southerner who joined the Republican Party after the Civil War.
a northerner who moved to the South after the Civil War.
American clergyman, educator, and politician; he became the first African American in the U.S. Senate.
a system in which landowners give farm workers land, seed, and tools in return for a part of the crops they raise.
a system in which farm workers supply their own tools and rent farmland for cash.