SI unit of distance, equal to approximately 39.37 inches
abbreviation for meter
distance unit divided by a time unit, such as meters per second or m/s
speed of an object at any instant of time
gives the instantaneous speed when you are riding in a car
Total distance divided by total time; s=d/t
This happens when an object's speed doesn't change for a period of time
the speed of an object in a particular direction
a state of change
the rate at which velocity changes over time
(final speed - initial speed) / time
attractive force any two objects that depends on the masses of the objects and the distance between them
1. an object at rest willl stay at rest, and an object in motion will stay in motion at constant velocity unless acted upon by an unbalanced force 2. force = massXacceleration 3. for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction
acted upon an object to change an object's speed, direction, or both
2 or more forces exerted on an object that cancel each other out and don't cause a change in motion
2 or more forces that effects don't cancel each other out and cause a change in motion
the combination of all forces acting on an object
Newton's First Law
a moving object moves in a straight line with constant speed unless an unbalanced force acts on it
the force that opposes the motion of one surface as it moves across another surface
how to keep object moving when friction is acting upon it
you have to keep pushing or pulling on the object to overcome the frictional force
In what direction is the force of friction exerted?
size of friction force depends on what?
1. 2 surfaces involved 2. The rougher surfaces are, the greater the friction.
the tendency of an object to resist a change in motion
heavy object are harder
to move and stop
a measure of how much matter an object is made of.
Newton's Second Law
if an object is acted upon by a net force, the acceleration of the object will be in the in the direction of the net force, and the acceleration equals the net force divided by the mass.
acceleration equation - Newton's 2nd Law
acceleration (in m/s2) = net force (in N) / mass (in kg)
Newton's Third Law
for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction, or when one object exerts a force on a 2nd object, the 2nd object exerts equal force in the opposite direction on the first object.
the force you exert when you push on something
are equal and opposite forces exerted in response to applied forces
force equation - Newton's 2nd Law
force=mass x acceleration
why don't action and reaction forces cancel?
action-reaction forces are equal and opposite, but they act on two different objects