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the movement of goods and people in the triangular trade route
america to europe - sugar , tobacco, cotton, europe to africe-textiles, rum and manufactured goods, africa to middle passage- slaves
natural rights-life, liberty, property
believed that people are born selfish and need a strong central authority
philosopher who believed that government should be seperated
Proclomation of 1763
law created by British officials that prohibited colonists from settling in areas west of the Appalachian Mountains
(1765) Colonists had to provide food and lodging for English soldiers stationed in Mass.
Stamp Act of 1765
Placed a tax on almost all printed materials in the colonies- "no taxation without representation"
Stamp Act Congress (1765)
Twenty-seven delegates from 9 colonies met from October 7-24, 1765, and drew up a list of declarations and petitions against the new taxes imposed on the colonies.
Declaratory Act (1766)
Passed at the same time that the Stamp Act was repealed, the Act declared that Parliament had the power to tax the colonies both internally and externally, and had absolute power over the colonial legislatures.
Townshed Acts 1767
Taxed paper, lead, paint, and tea.
Boston Massacre (1770)
The colonials hated the British soldiers in the colonies because the worked for very low wages and took jobs away from colonists. On March 4, 1770, a group of colonials started throwing rocks and snowballs at some British soldiers; the soldiers panicked and fired their muskets, killing a few colonials. This outraged the colonies and increased anti-British sentiment.
Tea Act of 1773
Gave the East India Company an unfair business advantage over colonial merchants.
Boston Tea Party (1773)
American colonists calling themselves the Sons of Liberty, disguised as Mohawk Native Americans, boarded three British ships and dumped British tea into the Boston harbor.
Corecive Acts/Intolerable acts
*designed to punish the colonists for tea party
*closed the port at boston
*no town meetings allowed in massachuetts
*boston under military rule
First Continental Congress (1774)
Convention of delegates from the colonies called in to discuss their response to the passage of the Intolerable Acts
lexignton and concord
Common Sense by Thomas Paine
powerful pamphlet telling the colonists to break free. British were trying to destroy colonies' natural rights. Government is there to protect life liberty and property. Power came from people, not kings. Colonies don't benefit from British Empire.
Second Continental Congress
Political authority that directed the struggle for independence beginning in 1775.
Electing the President
popular vote, electoral college, and the house
alexander hamilton, james madison, john jay
thomas jefferson , george mason, elbridge gerry, patrick henry
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.( RAPPS)
Right to bear arms
No quartering of soldiers
Protects against unreasonable search and seizure
A constitutional amendment designed to protect the rights of persons accused of crimes, including protection against double jeopardy, self-incrimination, and punishment without due process of law.(GEDDS)
A constitutional amendment designed to protect individuals accused of crimes. It includes the right to counsel, the right to confront witnesses, and the right to a speedy and public trial.
Right to trial by jury
freedom from excessive bail. freedom from excessive fines and cruel and unusal punishment.
states that people's rights are not limited to just those listed in the Constitution.
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
House of Represenatives Qualifications
*25 years old
*7 years as a U.S. citizen
*president of represented state
*term - 2 years
* Term of office-6 years
*30 years old
*9 years of U.S. citizen
*resident of the represented state
decides the committes each member will serve on
house of representatives
decides the order in which bills will be heard
house of representatives
*approves all treaties
*approves all appointments
*chooses the vice president in an electoral college tie
*acts as the joy in all trials of impeachment
New Jersey Plan (small state plan)
A constitutional proposal that would have given each state one vote in a new congress
"Large state plan" proposal for the new constitution, calling for proportional representation in both houses of a bicameral Congress. The plan favored larger states and thus prompted smaller states to come back with their own plan for apportioning representation.
the great compromise "connecticut compromise"
Roger Sherman from Connecticut, 3 branches of government, two houses of legislature: upper house and lower house, upper house: senate, 2 representatives for each state, lower house: house of representatives, based on population
3/5 compromise - for every 5 slaves counted, 3 will be counted towards representation in congress
When was the Constitution ratified?
September 17, 1787
what was the purpose of the bill of rights?
to protect the rights of individuals from being abused by the federal government
who pushed for the inclusion of a bill of rights to the constitution?
how did the magna carta limit the power of the english king?
1215- the king couldn't take away the rights of the nobles-have certain rights
how did the english bill of rights limit the power of the government?
extended the rights that were in magna carta to ALL people
how did albany plan of union encourage self-government in the colonies?
creation of benjamin franklin-in battles with native americans that the american colonies needed to stand as one against the natives
What was salutary neglect?
king leaving colonies alone to rule themselves until after the french and indian war
How did boycotts play a role in colonial rebellion?
refusal to buy british goods
who wrote the deceleration of independence?
whose ideas influenced the deceleration of independence contents?
what was the purpose of the deceleration of independence?
to declare independence from great britian and list the grievances against the king
what did the northwest ordinance of 1787 create?
created a way fro northwest territories to become states
how was the government structured under the articles of confederation ?
one branch- legislative - all 13 states had to agree to make a law , no federal taxes, voluntary military, no way to enforce laws made by congress
how did shay's rebellion change people's opinions about the articles of confederation?
central government couldn't 'sqaush' the rebellion
what issue was at the center of the rebellion?
what were the weaknesses of the article of confederation?
lack of a strong central government
what was the purpose of the constitution convention?
reuse the articles of confederation
how was the convention conducted?
in secret george washington presided
who is called the "father of the constitution"?
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