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branches of government
Terms in this set (38)
what are the qualifications to be in the senate?
30 years old, citizen for 9 years, live in the state that elected you
how many years is a senators term of office?
what are the responsibilities of a senate?
approve treaties, approve presidential appointments, determine verdict (if guilty) at impeachment trial
what is the total number of senators?
what are the qualifications for the house of representatives?
25 years old, citizen for 7 years, live in the district that elected you
how long is a representative's term of office?
what are the responsibilities of the house of representatives?
start money bills, impeach
what is the membership to the U.S. House of Representatives based on for each state?
population living in that state
what are powers of congress/legislative branch?
make laws, collect taxes, borrow money, declare war; print money
where does a bill go if two different versions are passed?
what are the qualifications to be president?
35 years old, natural born citizen, lived in the u.s. for the last 14 years
how many years is the president's term of office?
what are the responsibilities of the president?
carry out laws, appoint federal judges with senate approval, make/negotiate treaties with senate approval
what is the role of the president regarding the military?
commander in chief
according to the line of succession, if the president of the united states is unable to fulfill his duties within the executive branch, which government position will take his place?
who officially elects the president of the united states?
how is the number of electors from each state determined?
# of senators (2) plus # of house of representatives from that state
who cannot become an elector?
any person who holds an office in the united states government
if the president dies, resigns or is removed from office who becomes the president?
the president may grant pardons for all crimes except in cases of ...
who must approve the president's treaties and government appointments/positions?
what is the name given to the yearly message by the president addressing congress which outlines his goals?
state of union address
for what three things may a president be impeached?
treason, bribery, high crimes and misdemeanors
what are the responsibilities of the vice president?
serves as president of the senate (votes only to break a 50-50 tie), assigned by president to chair various committees, appoints senators to various committees
what are the responsibilities of the cabinet?
serve as a team of advisers to president on important national and international issues
how long does a justice on the supreme court remain a member of the court?
their whole life
what is the purpose of the system checks and balances?
to prevent one branch of government from becoming too powerful
what name is given to the supreme court's power to declare a law unconstitutional?
what is the responsibility of the judicial branch in regards to laws and the constitution?
to interpret the law and constitution
how is the president's treaty-making power limited?
two thirds of the senate must approve a treaty before it may take effect
what role does the president play in the judicial branch?
The president may nominate justices of the supreme court, appoint federal judges, and pardon federal criminals
what are the "inferior courts" such as the district and court of appeals?
all of the lower courts that may be created by congress
who settles disputes between the states?
how can the judicial branch limit the power of the legislative branch?
it can reject laws that they interpret as unconstitutional
how can the legislative branch limit the power of the executive branch?
it can override vetoes made by the executive branch and impeach the president of the united states
how many justices are in the supreme court?
how many district courts are in the u.s.?
how many appeal courts are in the u.s.?
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