Constitutional Terms

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popular sovereignty
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people.
separation of powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power.
Individual Rights
rights guaranteed or belonging to a person
Legislative Branch
the branch of government that makes the laws (Article I)
Executive Branch
Enforces laws (Article II)
Judicial Branch
Interprets the laws (Article III)
President
Chief Executive of the United States, Head of State and Commander and Chief of the US Armed Forces.
Supreme Court
Consists of nine justices, each appointed by the President and confirmed by Congress. Appointment is for life.
Veto
(n.) the power to forbid or prevent; (v.) to prohibit, reject
Impeach
To accuse government officials of misconduct in office
Amendment
A change to the Constitution
Pardon
A declaration of forgiveness and freedom from punishment
Reprieve
A formal postponement of the execution of a sentence imposed by a court of law
House of Representatives
the lower legislative house of the United States Congress the number of reps is decided by population
Senate
A council of representatives considered the upper legislative house There are two from each state
Suffrage
the right to vote
Double Jeopardy
Being tried twice for the same crime
Preamble
Introduction to the Constitution

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