255 terms

Latin 102 Week 6: Catullus 63, 65, 67, 69-72, 75-76 (minus vocabulary from Latin 101)

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Terms in this set (...)

(h)era -ae f.
a woman in relation to her sevants; mistress, i.e., the woman or goddess one serves (as opp. to a kept woman)
ā
expletive of distress, pity, or entreaty
absūmō absumere absūmpsī absūmptum
use up, consume, exhaust; do away with, remove by death
acūtus -a -um
sharp
adhortor -ārī -ātus sum
urge on
adluō -ere -luī
flow past, wash, lap
adulēscēns adulēscentis
youth, young man
adulterium adulterī(ī) n.
an adulterous act; adultery
aestuō aestuāre aestuāvī aestuātus
blaze; swelter; burn with pain or desire; toss about, seethe, writhe
aethēr aetheris n.
the upper regions of space; upper air
afflīgō affligere afflīxī afflīctus
hit, knock down; afflict
age/agite
come!
agedum
come!
āla ālae f.
wing; upper arm
albicō -āre -āvī -ātus
have a whitish tinge
algidus -a -um
cold
amāns -antis
sweetheart, lover
amiciō -īre -icuī (-ixī) -ictus
cover, cloak
ancilla -ae f.
slave girl, female slave
anhēlō anhēlāre anhēlāvī anhēlātus
breathe hard, gasp, pant
aper aprī m.
wild boar
assiduus -a -um
settled; constantly present, persistent, unremitting
attingō attingere attigī attāctus
touch; touch upon (in speaking), mention
Attis -idis m.
Attis (in myth, a eunuch consort of the goddess Cybele)
auctō -āre -āvī -ātum
cause to grow or prosper; bless (w/ abl.)
auricula -ae f.
a little ear (dim. of auris)
auscultō -āre -āvī -ātum
listen, overhear, eavesdrop on
Battiadēs -ae m.
an inhabitant of Cyrene (founded by Battus; esp. the poet Callimachus)
benefactum benefactī n.
benefit, good deed
benignē
benevolently, kindly
bēta -ae f.
beet
Brixia -ae f.
mod. Brescia, a town in Cisalpine Gaul
caecus -a -um
blind; dark
caedō caedere cecīdī caesus
strike, strike dead; to "beat" with sexual intercourse; cut through, hew
calamus -ī m.
a reed; reed pipe
canō canere cecinī cantus
sing
caper caprī m.
he goat, billy goat
cauda -ae f.
tail
cavus -a -um
hollow; deep
celerō celerāre celerāvī celerātus
hurry
Cerēs Cereris f.
Ceres (Italo-Roman goddess of growth, commonly identified with Gk. Demeter, goddess of grain; by metonymy, food
cerva -ae f.
hind, doe
cervīx cervīcis f.
the neck
chorus -ī m.
a singing and dancing performance; a singing and dancing group, chorus, troupe
citātus -a -um
hurried, rapid
citus -a -um
moving quickly, rapid, swift
cohors cohortis f.
retinue, staff, entourage
columen -inis n.
roof, summit, peak; a key person, top man
cōnscelerō cōnscelerāre cōnscelerāvī cōnscelerātus
stain with crime, pollute
corolla -ae f.
garland, small wreath (dim. of corona)
creātrīx -īcis f.
mother, creatress
curvus -a -um
bent, curving
Cybelē (Cybēbē) -ēs or -ae f.
Cybele (Phrygian goddess of nature, known also in Rome as the Magna Mater)
Cȳcnēus -a -um
Cycnean/of Cycnus (mythical king of Liguria who was changed into a swan)
cymbalum -ī n.
cymbal
Daulias -ados f.
the Dalian bird; Philomela (from Daulis in Phocis, a few miles east of Delphi)
decet decēre decuīt
be suitable or fitting
dēcursus -ūs m.
descent, downward fall
decus decoris n.
glory; the best of anything
dēmēns dēmentis
out of one's mind, maddened, crazy
dēvellō -vellere -vellī (-volsī) -volsum
to pluck out
Dindymēnē -ēs or -ae f.
Dindymene (another name for Cybele)
Dindymon Dindymī n.
Dindymon (mountain in Phrygia sared to the goddess Cybele)
dīrigō (dērigō) -ere -rēxī -rēctus
align, make straight, aim
dīva -ae f.
goddess (any female immortal, e.g., the sea nymph Thetis)
effluō -ere -xī
flow out, slip away
ēgregius -a -um
outstanding preeminent, illustrious
ephēbus -ī m.
ephebe, a Greek youth (in Athenian law, between 18 and 20)
erifuga -ae f.
a runaway slave
ēvirō -āre -āvī -ātum
unman, emasculate
excruciō (1)
torture, torment
excutiō excutere excussī excussum
shake out
expellō expellere expulī expulsus
drive out
exprimō exprimere expressī expressum
squeeze out, extort; translate
exprōmō -ere -prōmsī -prōmptum
bring out, express
famula -ae f.
servant, slave
famulus -a -um
serving, serviceable (adj. sometimes used substantively to mean servant)
femur -oris n. (rarely femen -inis n.)
thigh
ferōx ferōcis
fierce
fētus fētūs m.
parturition, birth; offspring, fruit
figūra figūrae f.
form, shape, aspect, appearance
flagrō flagrāre flagrāvī flagrāturus
burn
flāvus -a -um
yellow, gold-colored, blonde
floridus -a -um
full of flowers, flowery
flōs flōris m.
flower; youthful beauty (the finest specimen of a type or class)
fluctuō fluctuāre fluctuāvī fluctuātus
surge like a wave; be in turmoil
flūmen flūminis n.
river
fremitus -ūs m.
a low roar, rumble, growl
fremō fremere fremuī
roar, rumble, growl
frequēns frequentis
occurring at close intervals; crowded, thronged
furibundus -a -um
frantic, excited
furō furere
be mad or crazed; rage with passion, rave
furtīvus -a -um
secret, furtive
futuō -uere -uī -ūtum
have sex with, ****
Galla -ae f.
an emasculated priest of Cybele
gemō gemere gemuī
groan, moan, lament
gener generī m.
son-in-law
genetrīx -īcis f.
mother, creator
genitor genitōris m.
father; pl., parents
gurges -itis m.
a swirling mass of water; sea
gymnasium -iī n.
gymnasium; an athletic center
habitō (1)
live in; dwell
hederiger -era -erum
ivy-carrying, wearing ivy
hilarō (1)
cheer, gladden
ictus ictūs m.
stroke, blow, impact
Īda -ae f.
Mount Ida, (a range in the Troad [western Phrygia], a center of Cybele worship)
īlia -ium n. pl.
groin, genitals
impēnsius (adv.)
more immoderately, more excessively
iners -ertis
clusy; lazy, idle, useless
ingrātus -a -um
thankless, unwelcome, disagreeable
invītus -a -um
unwilling
istic istaec istoc
that which you have, mention, or refer to
istinc
from the place you are in, from this situation of yours
Itylus -ī m.
Itys (son of Tereus and Procne, killed by Procne)
iuba -ae f.
mane
iuvenca, -ae, f.
a young cow, heifer
labellum labellī n.
lip (dim. of labrum)
labō (1)
stand unsteadily, totter
labōrō (1)
to work, labor
lacrimō (1)
to weep
laevus -a -um
left; the left hand
languidus -a -um
weary, drooping, flaccid
languor -ōris m.
faintness, exhaustion, lassitude
lassulus -a -um
tired, weary (dim. of lassus)
latibulum -ī n.
hiding place, lair, den, hole
Lēthaeus -a -um
of the Lethe (river of forgetfullness in the underworld; by metonymy, of death)
lībere līberius līberrime
freely
locō (1)
place
lūstrō (1)
purify ceremonially; move through
maculō (1)
to spot, spatter, stain
Maenas -adis f.
a "raver"; Maenad (female votary of Bacchis); Bacchante
maeror maerōris m.
grief
maestus -a -um
sad
malignus -a -um
ungenerous, spiteful; grudging, poor, mean, scanty
malum malī n.
apple
mānō (1)
to flow, run, drip
marītus -a -um
married
Mella -ae m.
the Mella (a river near Brixia in Cisalpine Gaul)
mendāx -ācis
mendacious, lying, false
meritō
deservedly, with good cause
mināx -ācis
menacing, threatening
mingō mingere mīxī mīctus/mīnctus
urinate
ministra -ae f.
handmaid, temple attendant
mīrificē
amazingly, remarkably
misereor -ērī miseritus sum
impers., feel sorry for; dep., have pity
miseriter
pitifully, in a manner that indicates pity
mūgiō -īre -īvī (-iī)
to low, moo, bellow, roar
nāsus nāsī m. (or nāsum nāsī n.)
nose
nemorivagus -a -um
forest wandering
nemus nemoris n.
a wood, forest
nēquīquam
to no purpose, in vain
nervōsus -a -um
full of muscles, sinewy; vigorous
nimius -a -um
excessive
niveus -a -um
snowy, white
nix nivis f.
snow
nothus -a -um
illegitimate; spurious, counterfeit
nūntium -ī n.
message, communication
obterō -terere -trīvī -trītum
to crush
odor -ōris m.
smell, odor, fragrance
offirmō (1)
make firm; get tough
oleum -ī n.
olive oil (by metonymy, wrestling, wrestling place)
opācus -a -um
dark
palaestra -ae f.
a wrestling place (usu. a wrestling floor with adjacent changing rooms, etc.)
pallidulus -a -um
pale (dim. of pallidus)
parum; minus; minimē
too little; not at all
Pāsithea -ae f.
Pasithea (one of the three Graces, wife of Somnus)
peccō (1)
to err; do wrong
pecus pecoris f.
livestock, cattle
pendeō pendēre pependī
hang; depend, rely
percurrō -ere -cucurrī (-currī) -cursus
run through quickly
perlūcidulus -a -um
transparent, translucent
pervincō pervincere pervīcī pervictus
prevail over, overcome
piger pigra pigrum
sluggish, torpid, lazy
podāgra -ae f.
gout (a painful inflammation of the joints of the foot)
porrigō porrigere porrēxī porrēctum
stretch out
posthāc
hereafter
prae
(prep. w/ abl.) before, in front of; in comparison with
praeceps praecipitis (adj.)
plunging headfirst; headlong; sudden
procul
far off; to a great distance
prōcurrō -ere -cucurrī (-currī) -cursus
run forward; roll forth
prōnus -a -um
leaning forward, sloping; face down, prone; flat
properipēs -edis (adj.)
swift footed
properō (1)
hurry
prōsiliō -īre -uī (-īvī or -iī)
rush forth; jump up suddenly
puerperium -iī n.
birth of a child; delivery
pūpula -ae f.
a little girl; the pupil of the eye
pūriter
in a pure manner
quācumque
wherever
quālubet
by any means at all; somehow or other
quatiō quatere quassī quassum
shake
rabiēs -em -ē f.
savageness, ferocity; uncontrolled emotion, frenzy
radiō (1)
radiate light, beam, shine
rāmus rāmī m.
branch, twig
reboō -āre -āvī -ātum
resound, reecho
recēns recentis (adj.)
recent, fresh
recolō -ere -coluī -cultus
reoccupy; go over in one's mind
recordor recordārī recordātus sum
call to mind, remember
recrepō (1)
ring or sound in answer
redimiō redimīre redimiī redimītum
to wreathe, encircle
reditus reditūs m.
return (noun)
refringō -ere -frēgī -frāctus
break
religō religāre religāvī religātus
tie back, tie up; untie
remūgiō -īre
boom or bellow in reply
resolvō -ere -solvī -solūtus
loosen, undo
retonō (1)
resound, reverberate
rutilus -a -um
reddish, ruddy (inclining to gold or orange)
sacrum sacrī n.
a sacred object or observance, rite
salum -ī n.
swell, billow; the sea
secō secāre secuī sectum
to cut; to torment
secta -ae f.
a line of movement or action; a line of teaching; way of life, occupation
sēvocō (1)
call one apart from, draw aside; separate
sīcula -ae f.
a small dagger; (metaph.) penis
silex silicis n.
any hard rock; flint
silvicultrix -īcis f.
adj., living in the forest
sonipēs -edis
a horse
sonitus -ūs m.
sound
sonō (1)
to make a sound
sopor -ōris m.
sleep (noun)
specula -ae f.
look-out point
sponsus -ī m.
a lover who has promised marriage; fiancé
stabulum -ī n.
stable, fold, shed; lair, den
stadium -iī n.
a running track
sterilis -e
incapable of procreation
stimulō (1)
to goad on; incite, rouse, excite
subrēpō (or surrēpō) -rēpere -rēpsī -rrēptum
to creep up to, steal upon
suēscō -ere suēvī suētus
become accustomed; in perf., be accustomed
suffīgō -fīgere -fīxī -fīxum
to fasten beneath or below , to fasten or fix on , to affix
supercilium -ī n.
eyebrow
tellūs tellūris f.
earth, ground
thiasus -ī m.
an orgiastic dance; a group that performs such dances
tībīcen -inis m.
piper, a performer on the tibia
tigillum -ī n.
a small beam, e.g., the lintel or top of the doorframe
torosus -a -um
knotty, bulging, muscular, brawny
torpor torpōris m.
numbness, paralysis
tremebundus -a -um
shaking, trembling
trepidō (1)
to panic; bustle; tremble with excitement
tripudium -iī n.
a ritual dance in three-step
truculentus -a -um
ferocious; n. pl. as subst., ferocity
tympanum -ī n.
a small drum or tom-tom, usu. as used in the worship of Cybele or Bacchus
ubinam
(interrog.) where in the world? just where?
ulcīscor ulcīscī ultus sum
to take revenge on, punish
ululātus -ūs m.
ululation (a howling or wailing in which the tongue is moved rapidly up and down to form the sounds)
ūmidus -a -um
damp
vādō vādere vāsī vāsum
to advance (esp. with rapid or violent movement)
vallēs vallis f.
valley
vāstus -a -um
desolate, uninhabited, featureless, dreary, endless
vegetus -a -um
vigorous, active, energetic; fresh
venter ventris m.
belly, stomach
verber -eris n.
pl., an instrument used for flogging; blows, lashes
vestis vestis f.
clothing; any drapery, such as a bedspread or sail (cf. Eng. A suit of sails)
virgineus -a -um
of a virgin
virgultum -ī n.
brushwood, undergrowth
vīsō vīsere vīsī vīsus
go to see; look at, gaze at, view
volitō (1)
fly about; move about rapidly; dart swiftly
vulgus vulgī n.
the general public, the rabble, riffraff