335 terms

Latin 102 Week 6: Catullus 63, 65, 67, 69-72, 75-76 (minus vocabulary from Latin 101)

STUDY
PLAY
(h)era -ae f.
a woman in relation to her sevants; mistress, i.e., the woman or goddess one serves (as opp. to a kept woman)
ā
expletive of distress, pity, or entreaty
abeō abīre abiī abitum
go away or out; come off, turn out; escape criticism or other consequences
absūmō absumere absūmpsī absūmptum
use up, consume, exhaust; do away with, remove by death
acūtus -a -um
sharp
adhortor -ārī -ātus sum
urge on
adluō -ere -luī
flow past, wash, lap
adulēscēns adulēscentis
youth, young man
adulterium adulterī(ī) n.
an adulterous act; adultery
aemulus -ī m.
rival
aestuō aestuāre aestuāvī aestuātus
blaze; swelter; burn with pain or desire; toss about, seethe, writhe
aethēr aetheris n.
the upper regions of space; upper air
afflīgō affligere afflīxī afflīctus
hit, knock down; afflict
age agite
come!
agedum
come!
āla ālae f.
wing; upper arm
albicō -āre -āvī -ātus
have a whitish tinge
algidus -a -um
cold
amāns -antis
sweetheart, lover
ambō ambae ambō
pl. adj. & pron., both
amīca amīcae f.
any female friend; girlfriend, mistress; (euphemistic) courtesan, prostitute
amiciō -īre -icuī (-ixī) -ictus
cover, cloak
amīcus amīcī m.
friend
ancilla -ae f.
slave girl, female slave
anhēlō anhēlāre anhēlāvī anhēlātus
breathe hard, gasp, pant
aper aprī m.
wild boar
aperiō aperīre aperuī apertus
open
assiduus -a -um
settled; constantly present, persistent, unremitting
atquī or atquīn
conj., but; moreover
attingō attingere attigī attāctus
touch; touch upon (in speaking), mention
Attis -idis m.
in myth, a eunuch consort of the goddess Cybele
auctō -āre -āvī -ātum
cause to grow or prosper; bless (w/ abl.)
auricula -ae f.
a little ear (dim. of auris)
auscultō -āre -āvī -ātum
listen, overhear, eavesdrop on
Balbus -ī m.
Roman cognomen
Battiadēs -ae m.
an inhabitant of Cyrene (founded by Battus), esp. the poet Callimachus
bellus -a -um
pretty, nice, fine, charming
benefactum benefactī n.
benefit, good deed
benignē
benevolently, kindly
bēta -ae f.
beet
Brixia -ae f.
mod. Brescia, a town in Cisalpine Gaul
caecus -a -um
blind; dark
caedō caedere cecīdī caesus
strike, strike dead; to "beat" with sexual intercourse; cut through, hew
calamus -ī m.
a reed; reed pipe
canō canere cecinī cantus
sing
caper caprī m.
he goat, billy goat
Catullus -ī m.
cognomen of Gaius Valerius Catullus
cauda -ae f.
tail
cavus -a -um
hollow; deep
celerō celerāre celerāvī celerātus
hurry
Cerēs Cereris f.
Italo-Roman goddess of growth, commonly identified with Gk. Demeter, goddess of grain; by metonymy, food
certō or certē
certainly, surely
cerva -ae f.
hind, doe
cervīx cervīcis f.
the neck
chorus -ī m.
a singing and dancing performance; a singing and dancing group, chorus, troupe
citātus -a -um
hurried, rapid
citus -a -um
moving quickly, rapid, swift
clāmō clāmāre clāmāvī clāmātus
shout, cry out
cohors cohortis f.
retinue, staff, entourage
columen -inis n.
roof, summit, peak; a key person, top man
cōnscelerō cōnscelerāre cōnscelerāvī cōnscelerātus
stain with crime, pollute
corolla -ae f.
garland, small wreath (dim. of corona)
creātrīx -īcis f.
mother, creatress
cubiculum -ī n.
bedroom
cubīle cubīlis n.
bed, couch
cupidē
eagerly
cupidus -a -um
desirous, eager
curvus -a -um
bent, curving
Cybelē (Cybēbē) -ēs or -ae f.
Phrygian goddess of nature, known also in Rome as the Magna Mater
Cȳcnēus -a -um
of Cycnus, mythical king of Liguria who was changed into a swan
cymbalum -ī n.
cymbal
Daulias -ados f.
the Dalian [bird], i.e., Philomela, from Daulis in Phocis, a few miles east of Delphi
decet decēre decuīt
be suitable or fitting
dēcursus -ūs m.
descent, downward fall
decus decoris n.
glory; the best of anything
dēlicia dēliciae f. (often plural)
pleasure; pl. pet, darling
dēmēns dēmentis
out of one's mind, maddened, crazy
dēnsus -a -um
dense, closely packed
dēvellō -vellere -vellī (-volsī) -volsum
to pluck out
dictum dictī n.
anything said; word, saying
digitus digitī m.
finger
Dindymēnē -ēs or -ae f.
of or belonging to Mt. Dindymon in Phrygia; Cybele
Dindymon Dindymī n.
mountain in Phrygia sared to the goddess Cybele
dīrigō (dērigō) -ere -rēxī -rēctus
align, make straight, aim
dīva -ae f.
goddess; any female immortal, e.g., the sea nymph Thetis
doctus -a -um
learned
domina dominae f.
mistress
dominus dominī m.
master
effluō -ere -xī
flow out, slip away
ēgregius -a -um
outstanding preeminent, illustrious
ephēbus -ī m.
ephebe, a Greek youth (in Athenian law, between 18 and 20)
erifuga -ae f.
a runaway slave
ēvirō -āre -āvī -ātum
unman, emasculate
excruciō excruciāre excruciāvī excruciātus
torture, torment
excutiō excutere excussī excussum
shake out
expellō expellere expulī expulsus
drive out
exprimō exprimere expressī expressum
squeeze out, extort; translate
exprōmō -ere -prōmsī -prōmptum
bring out, express
exsequor (exequor) exsequī exsecūtus sum
follow, pursue
factum factī n.
deed, something done
famula -ae f.
servant, slave
famulus -a -um
servant, slave
femur -oris n. (rarely femen -inis n.)
thigh
ferōx ferōcis
fierce
fētus fētūs m.
parturition, birth; offspring, fruit
figūra figūrae f.
form, shape, aspect, appearance
flagrō flagrāre flagrāvī flagrāturus
burn
flāvus -a -um
yellow, gold-colored, blonde
floridus -a -um
full of flowers, flowery
flōs flōris m.
flower; youthful beauty; the finest specimen of a type or class
fluctuō fluctuāre fluctuāvī fluctuātus
surge like a wave; be in turmoil
flūmen flūminis n.
river
fremitus -ūs m.
a low roar, rumble, growl
fremō fremere fremuī
roar, rumble, growl
frequēns frequentis
occurring at close intervals; crowded, thronged
furibundus -a -um
frantic, excited
furō furere
be mad or crazed; rage with passion, rave
furtīvus -a -um
secret, furtive
futuō -uere -uī -ūtum
have sex with, ****; copulate
Galla -ae f.
an emasculated priest of Cybele
geminus -a -um
double, twin
gemō gemere gemuī
groan, moan, lament
gener generī m.
Son-in-law
genetrīx -īcis f.
mother, creator
genitor genitōris m.
father; pl., parents
gurges -itis m.
a swirling mass of water; sea
gymnasium -iī n.
an athletic center
habitō habitāre habitāvī habitātus
live in; dwell
hederiger -era -erum
ivy-carrying, wearing ivy
hilarō -āre -āvī -ātum
cheer, gladden
hircus -ī m.
he goat
ictus ictūs m.
stroke, blow, impact
Īda -ae f.
Mount Ida, a range in the Troad (western Phrygia), a center of Cybele worship
īlia -ium n. pl.
groin, genitals
impēnsus -a -um
more immoderately, more excessively
incitō incitāre incitāvī incitātus
incite, provoke, stir
indomitus -a -um
untamed; indomitable; violent
iners -ertis
clusy; lazy, idle, useless
īnferus -a -um
lowest, deepest
ingrātus -a -um
thankless, unwelcome, disagreeable
invītus -a -um
unwilling
istic istaec istoc
that which you have, mention, or refer to
istinc
from the place you are in, from this situation of yours
Itylus -ī m.
Itys, son of Tereus and Procne, killed by Procne
iuba -ae f.
mane
iugum iugī n.
yoke; ridge
iuvencus -a -um
a young cow, heifer
labellum labellī n.
lip (dim. of labrum)
labō labāre labāvī labātus
stand unsteadily, totter
labōrō labōrāre labōrāvī labōrātum
work, labor
lacrimō lacrimāre lacrimāvī lacrimātus
weep
laevus -a -um
left; the left hand
languidus -a -um
weary, drooping, flaccid
languor -ōris m.
faintness, exhaustion, lassitude
lassulus -a -um
tired, weary (dim. of lassus)
latibulum -ī n.
hiding place, lair, den, hole
leō leōnis m.
lion
Lesbia -ae f.
poetic name given the woman loved by Catullus
Lēthaeus -a -um
of the Lethe, river of forgetfullness in the underworld; by metonymy, of death
lībere līberius līberrime
freely
līmen līminis n.
threshold, doorway
linquō linquere līquī
leave, quit
liquidus -a -um
liquid, fluid; clear, unclouded
locō locāre locāvī locātus
place
lūstrō lūstrāre lūstrāvī lūstrātus
purify ceremonially; move through
maculō maculāre maculāvī maculātus
spot, spatter, stain
Maenas -adis f.
a "raver" or Maenad, female votary of Bacchis, Bacchante
maeror maerōris m.
grief
maestus -a -um
sad
malignus -a -um
ungenerous, spiteful; grudging, poor, mean, scanty
malum malī n.
apple
mānō mānāre mānāvī mānātus
flow, run, frip
marītus -a -um
husband
medius -a -um
middle; the middle of
Mella -ae m.
river near Brixia in Cisalpine Gaul
membrum membrī n.
any part of the body; limb
mendāx -ācis
mendacious, lying, false
meritō
deservedly, with good cause
mināx -ācis
menacing, threatening
mingō mingere mīxī mīctus/mīnctus
urinate
ministra -ae f.
handmaid, temple attendant
mīrificē
amazingly, remarkably
mīrus -a -um
extraordinary, remarkable
misereor -ērī miseritus sum
impers., feel sorry for; dep., have pity
miseriter
pitifully, in a manner that indicates pity
mūgiō -īre -īvī (-iī)
low, moo, bellow, roar
Mūsa -ae f.
a muse, divine patroness of poetry
nāsus nāsī m. or nāsum nāsī n.
nose
nemorivagus -a -um
forest wandering
nemus nemoris n.
a wood, forest
nēquīquam
to no purpose, in vain
nervōsus -a -um
full of muscles, sinewy; vigorous
nimius -a -um
excessive
niveus -a -um
snowy, white
nix nivis f.
snow
nothus -a -um
illegitimate; spurious, counterfeit
nūntium -ī n.
message, communication
obterō -terere -trīvī -trītum
crush
odor -ōris m.
smell, odor, fragrance
offirmō offirmāre offirmāvī offirmātus
make firm; get tough
oleum -ī n.
olive oil; by metonymy, wrestling, wrestling place
olim
formerly, once, once upon a time
opācus -a -um
dark
Ortalus -ī m.
cognomen of person in poem 65, likely Q. Hortensius Hortalus
palaestra -ae f.
a wrestling place, usu. a wrestling floor with adjacent changing rooms, etc.
pallidulus -a -um
pale (dim. of pallidus)
parātus -a -um
ready, prepared
parum; minus; minimē
too little; not at all
Pāsithea -ae f.
one of the three Graces, wife of Somnus
peccō peccāre peccāvī peccātus
err; do wrong
pecus pecoris f.
livestock, cattle
pendeō pendēre pependī
hang; depend, rely
percurrō -ere -cucurrī (-currī) -cursus
run through quickly
perlūcidulus -a -um
transparent, translucent
pervincō pervincere pervīcī pervictus
prevail over, overcome
Phrygia -ae f.
of Phrygia, Phrygian
Phryx -ygis
Phrygian
pietās pietātis f.
dutiful respect
piger pigra pigrum
sluggish, torpid, lazy
podāgra -ae f.
gout, a painful inflammation of the joints of the foot
porrigō porrigere porrēxī porrēctum
stretch out
posthāc
hereafter
Postumius -ī m.
name of a Roman gens
prae
prep. w/ abl., before, in front of; in comparison with
praeceps praecipitis
plunging headfirst; headlong; sudden
procul
far off; to a great distance
prōcurrō -ere -cucurrī (-currī) -cursus
run forward; roll forth
prōnus -a -um
leaning forward, angling or sloping toward the ground; sloping; face down, prone; flat
properipēs -edis
swift footed
properō properāre properāvī properātus
hurry
prōsiliō -īre -uī (-īvī or -iī)
rush forth; jump up suddenly
puella puellae f.
girl; young woman; girlfriend
puerperium -iī n.
birth of a child; delivery
pūpula -ae f.
a little girl; the pupil of the eye
pūriter
in a pure manner
quācumque
wherever
quālubet
by any means at all; somehow or other
quatiō quatere quassī quassum
shake
rabiēs -em -ē f.
savageness, ferocity; uncontrolled emotion, frenzy
radiō -āre -āvī -ātum
radiate light, beam, shine
rāmus rāmī m.
branch, twig
reboō -āre -āvī -ātum
resound, reecho
recēns recentis
recent, fresh
recolō -ere -coluī -cultus
reoccupy; go over in one's mind
recordor recordārī recordātus sum
call to mind, remember
recrepō -āre -āvī -ātum
ring or sound in answer
redimiō -imīre -imiī -imītum
wreathe, encircle
reditus reditūs m.
return
redūcō redūcere redūxī reductus
bring back
refringō -ere -frēgī -frāctus
break
religō religāre religāvī religātus
tie back, tie up; untie
remotus -a -um
removed, remote, distant
remūgiō -īre
boom or bellow in reply
resolvō -ere -solvī -solūtus
loosen, undo
retonō -āre -āvī -ātum
resound, reverberate
Rhoeteus -eos m.
of Rhoeteum, city on the Hellespont near Troy
roseus -a -um
rosy, red
rubor rubōris m.
redness, blush
rūrsus or rūrsum
back again; contrariwise
rutilus -a -um
reddish, ruddy (inclining to gold or orange)
sacrum sacrī n.
a sacred object or observance, rite
salum -ī n.
swell, billow; the sea
salveō -ēre
greetings! hail!
secō secāre secuī sectum
cut; (transf.) torment
secta -ae f.
a line of movement or action; a line of teaching; way of life, occupation.
senex senis m.
old man
seu
or if; whether ... or (see sive)
sēvocō -āre -āvī -ātum
call one apart from, draw aside; separate
sīcula -ae f.
a small dagger; (metaph.) penis
silex silicis n.
any hard rock; flint
silva silvae f.
forest, wood
silvicultrix -īcis f.
adj., living in the forest
sinus sinūs m.
the cavity or fold produced by the looping of a garment (OLD); breast; bosom, refuge; a curved indentation in the coastline such as a bay or gulf
sīve or seu
conj., or if; whether ... or
sōl sōlis m.
the sun, sts. personified as Sol
solum -ī n.
base, floor; (sts. pl.) soil, earth, ground
sonipēs -edis
a horse
sonitus -ūs m.
sound
sonō sonāre sonuī sonitum
make a sound
sopor -ōris m.
sleep
specula -ae f.
look-out point
sponsus -ī m.
a lover who has promised marriage; fiancé
stabulum -ī n.
stable, fold, shed; lair, den
stadium -iī n.
a running track
sterilis -e
incapable of procreation
stimulō stimulāre stimulāvī stimulātus
to goad on; incite, rouse, excite
subitō
suddenly, at once, quickly
subrēpō -rēpere -rēpsī -rēptum
creep up to, steal upon
subter
prep., below
suēscō -ere suēvī suētus
become accustomed; in perf., be accustomed
suffīgō -fīgere -fīxī -fīxum
to fasten beneath or below , to fasten or fix on , to affix
super
over, above; more; besides; prep. w/ acc., over
supercilium -ī n.
eyebrow
suppō -erenō -ere -posuī -positus
put beneath, situate below
tantum
pron. such a quantity, so much; acc. as to such a degree; only; tantum ... quantum: as much .. as
taurus taurī m.
a bull
tellūs tellūris f.
earth, ground
tener tenera tenerum
soft, tender, delicate; romantically tender (with ref. to love poetry)
tepidus -a -um
warm
tergum tergī n. or tergus -oris n.
back; hide from an animal's back
thiasus -ī m.
an orgiastic dance; a group that performs such dances
tībīcen -inis m.
piper, a performer on the tibia
tigillum -ī n.
a small beam, e.g., the lintel or top of the doorframe
torosus -a -um
knotty, bulging, muscular, brawny
torpor torpōris m.
numbness, paralysis
tremebundus -a -um
shaking, trembling
trepidō trepidāre trepidāvī trepidātus
panic; bustle, burry; tremble with excitement
tripudium -iī n.
a ritual dance in three-step
Troius -a -um
Trojan
truculentus -a -um
ferocious; n. pl. as subst., ferocity
trux trucis
harsh, fierce, cruel, savage
tunica tunicae f.
tunic, a standard garment worn by both sexes
tympanum -ī n.
a small drum or tom-tom, usu. as used in the worship of Cybele or Bacchus
ubinam
interro. where in the world? just where?
ulcīscor ulcīscī ultus sum
take revenge on, punish
ululātus -ūs m.
ululation, a howling or wailing in which the tongue is moved rapidly up and down to form the sounds
ūmidus -a -um
damp
vādō vādere vāsī vāsum
advance (esp. with rapid or violent movement)
vagus -a -um
roaming, wandering, rambling
valdē (valdius, valdissimē)
vigorously; strongly, greatly; very
vallēs vallis f.
valley
vāstus -a -um
desolate, uninhabited, featureless, dreary, endless
vegetus -a -um
vigorous, active, energetic; fresh
venter ventris m.
belly, stomach
verber -eris n.
pl., an instrument used for flogging; blows, lashes
Vērōna -ae f.
town in Gallia Transpadana, birthplace of Catullus
vestis vestis f.
clothing; any drapery, such as a bedspread or sail (cf. Eng. A suit of sails)
virgineus -a -um
of a virgin
virgō virginis f.
maiden, virgin; the constellation Virgo
virgultum -ī n.
brushwood, undergrowth
viridis -e
green
vīsō vīsere vīsī vīsus
go to see; look at, gaze at, view
volitō volitāre volitāvī volitātus
fly about; move about rapidly; dart swiftly
vulgus vulgī n.
the general public, the rabble, riffraff
zōna -ae f.
a girdle or belt; as worn by unmarried girls, its removal signified loss of virginity
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