Ap Human Geography Unit 4 (group 1)
Terms in this set (30)
Legally adding land area to a city in the United States
There are two types, exclusionary and inclusionary. Exclusionary is meant to keep people out, such as the border between the U.S. and Mexico. Inclusionary is meant to facilitate trade and movement, such as the U.S.-Canada border
invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory
When a physical feature such as a mountain or river determine a political boundary
a political boundary that follows some cultural border, such as linguistic or religious border
Political boundaries that are defined and delimited by straight lines.
an approach to dividing and creating boundaries at the mid-point between two places.
the need to gain, maintain, and defend one's right to space
An area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs.
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland.
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
conference of berlin (1884)
meeting of 14 mostly European countries on how to divided up Africa amongst themselves disregarding African input or ethnic groups
The collapse of colonial empires. Between 1947 and 1962, practically all former colonies in Asia and Africa gained independence.
when states argue about the location of the border
Any dispute over land ownership
disagreement over the control or use of shared resources, such as boundary rivers or jointly claimed fishing grounds
when states cannot agree on policies that apply near border
A state's geographical shape, which can affect its spatial cohesion and political viability.
A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly.
A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory.
A state whose territory is long and narrow in shape.
A state that exhibits a narrow, elongated land extension leading away from the main territory.
A state whose territory completely surrounds that of another state.
A state or territory that is small in both size and population.
a distinct region or community enclosed within a larger territory
a part of a country that is seperated from the rest of the country and surrounded by foreign territory.
A zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control.
completely surrounded by land with no direct access to the ocean