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Terms in this set (66)
Format of Shakespearean Sonnet
-volta between Q3 & couplet
Rhyme Scheme of a Shakespearean Sonnet
ABAB CDCD EFEF GG
four lines (ABAB) (CDCD) (EFEF), often express related ideas or examples
the tone shift or point of dramatic change in a poem, in between Q3 & couplet
last two lines (GG), sums up the poet's conclusion of the message found in the first three quatrains
line of poetry that contains five iambs
an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
How many syllables are in each line of a Shakespearean Sonnet ?
How many pairs of syllables are in each line of a Shakespearean Sonnet ?
5 pairs of iambs, or (iambic feet)
"My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun"
What happens in quatrains 1-3 in Sonnet 130 ?
Shakespeare talks about her physical imperfections. He gives examples by saying her eyes are nothing like the sun, coral is more red than her lips, and that she doesn't have rosy cheeks etc.
What happens in from the Volta to the Couplet in Sonnet 130 ?
Shakespeare says he loves her and wouldn't trade her for the world.
"Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?"
What is the metaphor in Sonnet 18 ?
Shakespeare compares a summer day to his love/ a person.
What happens in Q1 of Sonnet 18 ?
Shakespeare says the beauty of nature is transient; not long-lasting.
What happens in Q2 of Sonnet 18 ?
Shakespeare is saying beauty is not long-lasting either because of age or chance by comparing it to nature.
What happens in Q3 of Sonnet 18 ?
Shakespeare says that he will always have the memory of her beauty/ summer by saying summer shall not fade.
What happens in a couple of Sonnet 18 ?
Shakespeare refers to a poem, as long as people can read this, we'll be talking about her beauty.
Discuss two ways the speaker transcend nature ? (Sonnet 18)
This poem goes beyond nature by discussing the person and nature. He compares beauty and her nature. Also the poem itself living on forever.
How does Shakespeare use language and metaphor to present the beauty in Sonnet 18 ?
Shakespeare compares beauty to nature by saying it's not long-lasting because of age or chance. He said beauty is transient by comparing it to a summers day.
Do you think the speaker has been successful in immortalizing his love in the words of this poem ? To what extent is this only a poetic idea ? (Sonnet 18)
Yes, because people are still reading it to this day. The couplet is successful in immortalizing his love.
Describe the related ideas in the three quatrains and how the couples sums up the ideas of the three quatrains. (Sonnet 18)
In the 3 quatrains, he compares beauty and nature in a negative way saying it's transient and the couplet portrays a positive light by saying the poem will live on forever so people will talk of her beauty forever.
"When, in disgrace with fortune and men's eyes"
What happens in Q1 of Sonnet 29 ?
The speaker is sad and feels like an outcast, alone. He calls upon God and his prayers are going unanswered.
What happens in Q2 of Sonnet 29 ?
He feels jealous of other man's wealth and possession.
What happens in Q3 of Sonnet 29 ?
He hates himself for feeling this way. But when he thinks of his love (you/thee), it's a new day.
What happens in he Volta of Sonnet 29 ?
His mood changes from being sad to happy.
What happens in the couplet of Sonnet 29 ?
He remembers their love and that makes him the richest man in the world. He wouldn't trade places with a king.
What is the tone of Sonnet 29 ?
It begins in a self-loathing and reflective state mixed with jealousy then switches to him speaking of his love and how his love fulfills him.
Identify 3 emotions that the speaker goes through throughout Sonnet 29 & the lines .
sadness/loneliness - " I all alone between my outcast state " (line 2)
jealous- "Wishing me like to one more rich in hope" (line 5)
happiness- "From sullen earth, sings hymns at heaven's gate" (line 12)
What emotion does the volta, or turn, bring about to the speaker ?
The Volta brings happiness.
- 14 lines
Rhyme scheme of Petrarchan sonnet
usually starts w/ : ABBAABBA but the end can either be CDECDE OR CDCDCD etc.
8 lines ABBAABBA
volta of Petrarchan Sonnet
in between octave & sestet
by Percy Shelley (husband of lady who wrote Frankenstein), Petrarchan Sonnet
What happens in the octave of Ozymandias ?
There's a 1st person speaker, a traveler. There's a use of imagery to describe the setting. The setting is in the desert and two legs w/out a body stand in the sand. It has a broken face that lies near the legs. The angry statue is of a real person. The fact that the statue is in the middle of the desert shows lack of importance of Ozymandias.
What happens in the sestet of Ozymandias ?
Ozymandias is the King of the statue, the tyrant ruler. It's ironic because he's supposed to be mighty and his statue is being destroyed with time. The artist is mocking the ruler. Alliteration is used - "boundless and bare ... "
What do the images of both the statue & words on the statute illustrate ? (Ozymandias)
It illustrates irony because the statue being destroyed means he's weak, but the words make him seem powerful.
How is Ozymandias' face described ? Cite lines.
(lines 4-5) " and wrinkled lip and a sneer of cold command"
"Half sunk, a shattered visage (face) lies, whose frown"
The volta marks a shift in tone; what is the shift entail ? Be specific. (Ozymandias)
It talks about his statue being in the bare desert with nothing but sand shows his lack of importance. The speaker explains how the artist mocks him.
"The World is Too Much With Us"
William Wordsworth, wrote poem at the start of the Industrial Revolution, focuses on transcendentalist beliefs in a Romantic Time period.
What happens in the octave of "the world is too much with us" ?
Society is not focusing on nature anymore. The focus is on consumerism. Nature is being destroyed and people are losing connection w/ nature,
What happens in the sestet of "the world is too much with us" ?
He says he'd rather be a pagan and worship gods of water. This is an example of allusion, in this case, a reference to biblical knowledge.
What is the speaker of the poem primarily concerned with in "the world is too much with us" ?
the speaker is concerned with people's focus shifting from nature to consumerism
What are the 3 reasons the speaker in " The World is Too Much With Us " refers Proteus & Tritan ?
The author would rather worship pagan gods of nature than lose connection with nature because nature is more powerful than consumerism.
"Death Be Not Proud"
John Dunne, Petrarchan Sonnet
What happens in the octave of "Death Be Not Proud" ?
The speaker says death is not scary. Death is inevitable, but the author is trying to take that power away.
What happens in the sestet of "Death Be Not Proud" ?
Our bones will go, but our souls will live on forever. Kings can put people to death, desperate man suicide. There is life after death. The scary ideas of death should go away and not make Death scary anymore.
A Paradox is a seeming contradiction that is actually true. How is the last line of the poem a paradox ?
The last line is a paradox bc death's power dies when it no longer serves as a threat.
An apostrophe is when an idea, person, object, or absent being is addressed as if it or they were present, alive. How is apostrophe being used here ?
Death is being personified and displayed as something the author feels it should not be feared. The author explains that death is not scary and addresses it as life shall go on.
a literary work that depicts country life (rural) in idyllic & idealized terms, characters are naive & innocent, but express themselves w/ poetic sophistication
"The Passionate Shepherd to His Love"
by Christopher Marlowe, famous traditional English pastoral poem
Latin for "seize the day, " a literary theme that urges loving & living in the present moment
What happens in "The Passionate Shepherd to His Love" ?
He gives a direct request for his love to come live with him, he described how beautiful the nature is, and he idolizes what it would be like. They will be entertained by the nature. He makes a bunch of promises to his love. He makes rural life sound perfect.
What does the speaker offer his love ? How does rural life sound ? Cite lines.
He glorifies rural life by describing the nature in lines 8-13
How persuasive is the shepherd's argument to his potential lover ?
It is strongly persuasive; he gives a detailed offer of clothes and shoes he could make for her.
What season is Marlowe primarily referring to ? What does this season symbolize ?
Marlowe is referring to Spring. This season symbolizes new beginnings (rebirth of love).
How does this relate to the idea of carpe diem ?
The speaker sounds carefree and wants to make the most of what's there.
mythological connection to the female spirit who wards off suitors
"The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd"
by Sir Walter Raleigh, carpe diem poem
What happens in "The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd" ?
The speaker says that the shepherd's words are him sweet talking. The speaker says she might go if there's truth. The speaker says it won't last like seasons change. The speaker says that these aren't reasons for her to come and be his love. She would come, if she was immortal. (not wasting time)
What does the speaker say in regards to the Shepherd's offer ? How does the speaker view pastoral life ? Cite lines.
The speaker is saying that the Spring season won't last forever. Lines 5-10, talks about seasons changing. This honeymoon phase will pass. She knows it's transient, and she is critical of the speaker.
How does this reject the idea of carpe diem ?
This rejects the idea of carpe diem because the speaker is coming from a realistic point of view.
On what conditions does the nymph agree to live w/ the shepherd ?
The nymph agrees to live w/ the shepherd if she was immortal.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd (Poem)
Marlowe & Raleigh
Frankenstein, Mary Shelley (Letters)
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