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Wrote "the Prince" quoted "it is much safer to be feared than loved" disturbed by unrest in Italy
1. emphasized the present physical world
2. secular patrons supported artists
3. wanted to be praised because of their work
4. gave realistic 3-D aspect to their works
5. painted kings, merchants, other secular officials
6. painting and sculpture were most popular media
painted Sistine Chapel; apprenticed to florentine artist. considered himself as a sculptor rather than a painter
best known composer of church music during Renaissance; composed more than 900 musical pieces. hailed as prince of music in his day
Positive consequences of renaissance
1.provoked a spirit of inquiry
2.revived interest in literature and languages of antiquity (ages of classical Greek)
3.developed moveabletype printing
4. made education more available to commoners
5.stressed importance of the individual
1.secular emphasis weakened moral restraints
2.led to the worship of the classical ideas instead of the true God
florentine artist added new techniques of painting, shading. portraid human figures with realism
wanted to bring moral reform to florence and roman church. excommunicated by pope alexander VI
ranks with michelangelo as one of the best painters of renaissance; wealthy from painting for kings and emperors
"leonardo of north" first northern artist to travel to italy to study art. first to sign own drawings
considered finest portrait painter of the northern renaissance. became official court painter of henry VIII.
Jan van eyck
first to use oils in paintings. one of the founders and representatives of the flemish school of painters
best known for his genre paintings. helped perfect style of art known for its realism, landscapes, and scenes of life
won a competition against breunelleschi to design a set of doors to the entrance to the baptisery of florence
lost to ghiberti in the competition. turned from doing sculpture to architecture
martin luther said of him,"he is master of notes." his life and music mark transition between medieval and modern times
Bohemian reformer; condemned to die at the stake by the Council of Constance because of his beliefs
October 31, 1517; day before All saints day. became symbol of defiance against corruption of Rome
swiss brethren; opposed infant baptism; separation of church and state; believed in pacifism
Catholic queen; tried to eliminate protetantismin England; Latimer,Ridley, Cranmer; AKA bloody mary
1588; philip II vs. ELizabeth ; english victory preserved england; established england as #1 seapower
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