172 terms

Updated English Study Guide

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food of gods
ambrosia
drink of gods
nectar
personification of earth
gaia
mountain home of gods
mt. olympus
name of twelve major gods
olympians - zeus,posiedon,hades,hera,hestia,demeter,aphrodite,hermes,athene,apollo,artemis,hephaestus
word derived from greek for "all" and "gods"
pantheon
spirits of woods trees rivers springs caves etc,
nymphs
2 greek gods of fire, friendly and unfriendly
friendly-hestia unfriendly-hephaestus
physically imperfect god
hephaestus
patron goddesses of learning and arts
muses
gorgon mortal godess
medusa
maia and zeus' son - made lyre after birth
hermes
goddess who threatened barren earth if her daughter was not returned
demeter
goddess of love and beauty
aphrodite
god of light, sun, poetry, music, etc.
apollo
god of war
ares
goddess of moon, hunting, wild animals etc
artemis
goddess of wisdom, war, handicrafts, liberal arts
athene
god of healing and medicine
asclepius
goddess of earth, agricultuture, fertility, grain harvest
demeter
god of fertility, wine, revelry,theatre
dionysus
goddess of dawn
eos
god of love
eros
god of underworld
hades
god of fire, forge, metalworking
hephaestus
queen of gods, goddess of marriage
hera
god of invention, science, commerce, protecter of travelers, thieves, gamblers
hermes
goddess of hearth
hestia
god of nature, fields, forest, sheperds, flocks and rustic life
pan
goddess of undreworld
persephone
god of sea earthquakes horses
posiedon
king of gods
zeus
greek poet other than homer who wrote about the origins of the gods
hessiad
original empty void that existed before creation
chaos
another name for gaea
mother earth
lowest region of underworld
tartarus
son o aphrodite creates physical attraction between ppl
eros
offspring of uranus and gaea with only one eye
cyclopes
offspring of uranus and gaea who were enormous, ruled before gods
titans
titaness who was goddess of rememberance
mnemosyne
vengeful creatures old women who were in charge of eternal punishments
furies
youngest offspring of cronus
zeus
other 5 children who were swallowed by cronus
hades posiedon, hestia, hera, demeter
rhea's method of preventing cronus from swallowing zeus
she hid zeus and wrapped a rock in a blanket and gave it to cronos
giants who freed zeus and gave him lightning bolts for helping defeat cronus
cyclopes
titan condemned to hold up heavens
atlas
3 olympians who divided universe among themselves
zeus, hades, posiedon
gift given to hades by cyclopes
an invisible helmet
gift given to posiedon by cyclopes
his trident
mortal son of zeus who helped olympians defeat giants
hercules
mountian that typhon lives under
mt. etna
2 sons of titan lapetus who fought on zeus' side
prometheus and epimetheus
gift zeus witheld from humans which prometheus provided against zeus' will
fire
woman created by hephaestus who brought suffering into the world
pandora
object zeus gave as pandora's dowry
jar
only item left in pandora's box
hope
where prometheus was chained as punishment for giving fire to humans
caucasus
part of prometheus' body that was eaten out by vultures but later grew back
liver
mortal son of zeus who freed prometheus
hercules
manner in which zeus set out to destroy mankind for wickedness
flood
number of days and nights rain fell on earth when zeus destroyed men
9 days and nights
son of prometheus who built ark to save himself and wife
deucalion
bones thrown by deucalion and pyrrha to restore human race
the bones of mother earth - stones
place ruled by hades
underworld
name given to spirits of dead
shades
destination of ordinary shades in underworld
fiels of asphodel
place of the wicked in underworld
tartarus
place of peace for virtuous souls
elysian fields
number of rivers in underworld
5
river over which souls were carried to the underworld
styx
river of woes
acheron
river of fire
phlegathon
river of forgetfulness
lethe
river of unbreakable oaths
styx
boatman who ferried souls into underworld
charon
where dead carried payment for boat
under tongue
watchog of underworld
cerberus
number of watchdog's heads
3
number of judges in underworld
3
fruit eaten by persephone while in underworld
6 seeds of pomegranate
zeus' most powerful weapons
thunder bolts
bird seen holding thunderbolts
eagle
mortal killed by zeus for bringing dead back to life
asclepius
zeus and hera's son who took pleasure in fighting
ares
animal that rought thunderbolts to zeus and aided bellerophon
pegasus
greek goddess who sprang from zeus' head fully armed
athene
pregnant goddess of wisdom and wife of zeus whom he swallowed
metis
9 daughters of mnemosyne and zeus who presided over the arts
muses
twins of zeus and leto
apollo and artemis
daughter of zeus and dione perhaps born from sea foam
aphrodite
son of zeus maia who stole apollo's cows
hermes
nymph whos chattering aided zeus so hera condemned her only to repeat
echo
zeus' disguise when he carried away europa
white bull
hero born to zeus and danae cast out by grandfather
perseus
son of zeus and alcmene tormented by hera via eurysthesus
hercules
animal form zeus took when wooing hera
coo coo bird
apples presented to hera at her wedding by gaea
golden apples of hespiredes
hera and zeus' crippled son
hephaestus
prince of troy whos insult of hera eventually resulted in trojan war
paris
giant crustacian sent by hera to plague hercules while fighting hydra
giant crab
group of greek adventurers protected by hera while searching for golden fleece
argonauts
king aeetes daughter who fell in love with jason and helped him capture fleece
medea
object belonging to aphrodite that caused ppl to be irresistible
belt or girdle
crazed women, followers of dionysus, who tore orpheus to pieces
maenads
sculptor who fell in love with statue that was brought back to life
pygmalion
name of statue that came back to life and married its sculptor
galatea
shrine to athene on acropolis in athens
parthenon
chief symbol of athena
owl
what did medusa turn men into
stone
hero that killed medusa by cutting off her head
perseus
lydian woman who bragged she was better thn athena
arachne
animal arachne was turned inyo
spider
ship of jason and argonauts
the argo
instrument played by apollo
lyre
king who voted vs. apollo in music contest and had his ears turned to donkey ears
king midas
goddess of black magic, ghosts, and witchcraft
hecate
mortal hunter turned into stag by artemis
actaeon
reason artemis turned mortal hunter into stag
he saw her bathing
animal tracked by hercules for a year until he captured it
cerynian hind
hunter killed by artemis when apollo tricked her into shooting him
orion
animal created by posiedon
horse
3 pronged spear used by posiedon to raise storms
trident
hero who bridled pegasus and defeated chimaera
belleraphon
function of helmet belonging to hades
invisibility
objects of talaria which helps hermes deliver messages
winged shoes
name of hermes winged staff wrapped by serpents
cauduceus
most famous thief who could change color of cattle and stole cows from sisyphus
autolycus
bird that was sacred to ares
vulture
legendary founders of rome, sons of ares
romulus and remus
king who returned silenus to dionysus and was given ability to turn objects to gold
midas
daughter locked in tower by king acrisius
danae
objects theseus carried to athens to prove himself heir to the throne
sandals and sword
giant whose limbs were cut off by theseus
procrustes
method used ny theseus to kill pityocamptes
asked him to hold 2 trees and he split in half
scorceress married to theseus' father who attempted to kill theseus
medea
monster with bull's head and man's body
minotaur
maze in which monster lived
labyrinth
daughter of minos who helped theseus escape labyrinth
ariadne
son of daedalus who was imprisoned with his father in crete
icarus
how icarus died
flew too high and his wings melted and drowned in the water below
architect of labyrinth
daedalus
object used as ruse by minos in search for daedalus
whorled shell
color of sails theseus flew accidentally
black
animals sent by hera to kill infant hercules
2 serpents
instrument used by hercules to kill his music teacher linus
lyre
number of the labors of hercules
12 (originally had 10 but something went wrong in one of them so they added 2)
animal killed by hercules by strangling
nemian lion
many headed serpent killed by hercules
hydra
what did hercules use hydra's blood for
he dipped his arrows in it
animal driven into snowbank and captured by hercules
erymantian boar
king whose stables were cleaned by hercules
augeas
method used by hercules to clean augean stables
diverted 2 rivers to flow through stables and clean them
man eating animals scared away by hercules and athena's bronze rattle
stymphalion birds
island where hercules captured raging bull when minos failed to sacrifice it to posiedon
crete
animals that ate humans and belonged to diomedes
mares of diomedes
queen of amazons who owned the girdle desired by the daughter of eurystheus
hippolyta
animals captured by hercules from geryon, had 3 heads
cattle
created by hercules when he opened up the western mediterranean
pillars of hercules
fruit guarded by daughters of hesperus
golden apples
titan who retrieved golden apples for hercules
atlas
titan freed by hercules on his quest for golden apples
prometheus
3 headed dog captured by hercules for 12th labor
cerberus
goddess with whom hercules was reconciled after he died
hera
strait named for helle when helle fell into the sea and drowned
hellespont
magical ram's wool that could speak and fly
golden fleece
name of 49 greek heroes who sailed with jason
argonauts
jason's uncle who usurped the throne from jason's father
pelias
strongman who protected jason's ship until he left to search for hylas
hercules
jason had to sow these in exchange for fleece
a field of dragon teeth
daughter of aeetes who helped jason with magic drug for the dragon guarding the fleece
medea
what jason threw into the crowd of fully grown warriors
a stone
another character who sowed dragon's teeth
cadmas