46 terms

Wellness FSU Part 1

HSC 4711 FSU Spring 2014
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Terms in this set (...)

Whats more specific morbidity Rate or Mortality Rate? What do they mean?:
Mortality Rate: Deaths specific to population & TIme
Morbidity: incidence of diseases among a population
Definition for Chronic Disease?
Slowly developes & persists
A disease that develops and continues over long time.
Ex: cancer, hypertension)
7 Dimensions of Wellness?
Physical : Exercising, Practicing safer sex
Emotional: Optimism, Trust, ....
Intellectual: Creativity, curiosity, ....
Interpersonal: Communication skills, Capacity for intimacy, Friends ect...
Spiritual: Forgiveness, Capacity for love,...
Environmental : Reducing pollution, Recycling,...
Financial: Avoiding debt, ....
Top 3 causes of death in USA?
CVD
Cancer
Chronic Lower Respiratory disease
What was the Leading cause of death b/4 modern medicine?
Infectious diseases
% of American men that are overweight?
72%
Top 3 lifestyle factors leading preventable causes of death for Americans?
#1 Cigarette Smoking
#2 Obesity
#3 Excess Alcohol Consumption
How much longer do women typically live?
5 years longer, but live with more complications (alzheimer's, osteoporosis)
When do Women/Men chances increase for dieing from heart attack?
W: 65+
M: 55+
Who is more likely to have a stroke? W or M?
W: more likely to die from stroke
M: more likely to suffer complications (lose language quicker)
Who has a stronger Immune response? M or W?
W: stronger immune system (higher autoimmune disease, MS, Lupes)
M: Less likely to develop autoimmune disease
What arm typically has pain when having a Heart Attack?
Left arm
Symptoms of a typical HA?
Atypical?
Typical: Naseau, pain in L arm, dizziness, shortness of breath.
Atypical: no pain, check EKG, rule out HA
Is obesity a indirect or direct Risk factor?
It is an indirect risk factor
How much has the average life expectancy increased in the last hundred years?
It has more than doubled (about 60%)
What is the leading cause of death among young americans? What ages?
15-24
Accident, Homicide, Suicide, Cancer, & Heart disease
What % of americans have diabetes? What # dont know they have diabetes?
8% have it
7 million dont know
What are symptoms of Lupas? what type of disease is it?
Autoimmune disease
Symptoms
-Butterfly shaped rashes
-Arthritis
-Kidney disorder
-Neurological disorder
What are 2 Autoimmune diseases?
Lupas, & MS
Difference b/w Men & women:
Smoking:
Alcohol:
Depression:
Headaches:
Difference b/w Men & women:
Smoking: W: higher chance for Lung cancer, M: Higher rates of smoking

Alcohol: W: more intoxicated faster, M: More likely to use
Depression: W: Most likely to suffer, M: lower rates (but use guns/more successful)
Headaches: W: Migraine headaches M: cluster headaches
Whats the Healthy People initiative?
Based on ever .... years?
Latest Report focused on?
Prevent diseases, improve american quality of life
Based on every 10 years agenda
Latest Report: increase quality/years of life & eliminate health disparities
What Population is Sickle Cell most common in?
African Americans
Its Homozygote: inherited by both parents (homo=same)
What is Cystic Fibrosis?
What type of disease is it?
What does it affect (2 things)
What can be tested for this disorder?
What population is most at risk for this?
Hereditary disease Disorder, makes you look extremely young for age.
Lung congestion/infection
Malabsorption of nutrients by pancreas
Saltiness of skin/sweat
Northern Europeans (look young)
What are Latinos most at risk for?
Diabetes (1 in 2 latinos develop Diabetes)
-alot of latinos are obese
Who has lower rates of coronary heart disease?
Asian Americans (eat more fish=healthy)
Which Population has highest annual death rate?
Blacks
What do poverty level and low education populations have a higher risk for? (8)
Infant mortality, Traumatic injury, violent death, HIV, Diabetes, Cancer, CVD, Tuberculosis
What is a better predictor for poor health? Ethnicity or Poverty/Low education?
Poverty/Low education
What % of people are Disabled?
What impacts their health (3)
1/5 people
Inactive, Overweight, Major depression
How does Geographical Locations differ in regards to health?
Rural:
Rural: (1 in 4 people)
Don't use safety belts
No Health care
Less access to emergency services
Higher rates of Injury related deaths.
How does Sexual Orientation affect health?
More likely to:
Engage in unsafe sex
Abuse drugs
HIV, Depression, Suicide
What factors influence wellness?
Health Habits
Heredity/Family History (not type I, just type II)
Environment
Access to Health Care
Taking Personal Responsibility for Your Wellness
Steps to get serious about Health?
1: examine current health habits
2: Choose target behavior
3: Learn about behavior
4: Find Help
Whats another name for the Transtheoretical model?
What are the 6 stages?
"stages of change" model
1) Precontemplation
2) Contemplation (planning to take action w/ in 6 months)
3) Preparation (planning to take action within 1 month, or already started)
4) Action (at risk to going back)
5) Maintenance (struggling against relapse)
-Need to stay in it for 6 months
6) Termination (don't struggle with temptation)
How to create a personalized plan?
Monitor behavior (diary)
Analyze data (what are some triggers, locations, situations)
Set goals (be specific)
Devise plan of action (reward yourself)
Make personal contract (date to start/finish)
Main goal of Healthy People 2020?
Eliminate health disparities among americans.
To achieve overall wellness, an individual must seek to develop at least ... of the ... dimensions of wellness
Four of the 7
Is health the absence of disease?
NO
Which of the following is an example of taking action to modify the environment and support health behaviors?
A. encouraging legislators to pass legislation increasing the number of public areas where smoking is prohibited
B. serving nonalcoholic drinks at your parties
C. voting for measures that reduce air pollution
D. All of these are examples.
B: serving nonalcoholic drinks at party.
With regard to one's health, which one of the following elements is most within an individual's control?
A. heredity
B. health care
C. environment
D. behavior
Behavior
Writing a contract for behavior change involves all of the following, EXCEPT
A. setting a date to begin.
B. clearly stating your goal.
C. identifying the steps used to measure progress.
D. identifying the consequences of failure to reach the established goal.
D. Identifying the consequence of failure to reach established goal.
One way to examine whether a change of behavior is necessary is to access its short- and long-term benefits and costs.
True
False
True
Goals set in a behavior change program that far exceed your abilities help you reach your maximum potential.
True
False
False
When setting goals in a behavior change program, it is important that the time frame remain open-ended.
True
False
False
Analyzing data about a target behavior allows you to recognize patterns in behavior.
True
False
True
It would be fair to describe "slips" in the attempt to change behaviors as failures.
True
False
False