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WH Midterm Review 2019
Terms in this set (44)
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.
Define Social Darwinism
The belief that only the fittest survive in human political and economic struggle.
Explain the Opium War
Chinese attempted to prohibit the opium trade, British declared war and won against Chinese. Treaty of Nanjing, agreed to open 5 ports to British trade and limit tariffs on British goods and gave Hong Kong.
Why were the British able to defeat China so easily in the Opium War?
Superior military and Industrial Strength
What were Spheres of Influence in China
an area where a foreign nation controlled economic developments such as railroad construction and mining
What is it called when an Industrialized country dominants a non industrialized country for raw materials and markets?
What is the term when the strong thrive while the weak die?
Survival of the Fittest
Why did the British win the Opium war?
They were more industrialized
What is the Treaty of Nanjing?
"unequal treaty" to end Opium War in which China had to accept British terms for peace
What did China have to give up after the Opium War?
Give up Hong Kong, open ports, and pay for war
What is militarism?
Glorification of the military
What area of the world is referred to as the Powder Keg?
The Balkan region. Consists of many different nations and they all want their own country.
What is trench warfare?
New military technique to dig into ground to protect from machine guns
What is the League of Nations?
A group of countries that wanted to prevent future wars by negotiating problems.
What are war reparations and who had to pay it?
payments for the war that Germany was responsible for paying.
What is the Treaty of Versailles?
Peace treaty at the end of WWI. It made Germany take full responsibility for the war.
What is an alliance?
An agreement to work together. Team mates
What started WW I?
heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated and started World War I.
How did the Treaty of Versailles affect Germany?
Germany took the blame for the war. Germans had to give up land, reduce all military, and no manufacturing of war equipment, and pay reparations.
What was the purpose of The League of Nations? And was it successful?
An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace. It was not completely successful.
Giving in to an aggressor to keep peace
What is totalitarianism?
One ruler that has complete control over every aspect of country
Who are some totalitarian rulers?
Stain, Mussolini, and Hitler
A secret agreement between the Germans and the Russians that said that they would not attack each other
What is Munich Conference?
Giving into Hitler's demands is done at the Munich Conference
Who are fascist leaders?
Hitler and Benito Mussolini
What was Mien Kampf?
Hitler's book which outlined Nazi plan for Germany
Who is Benito Mussolini?
The Fascist leader of the Italian Fascists
Who is Hitler?
Fascist leader of Germany
How did Hitler violet the Treaty of Versailles?
Rebuilt the German army and took back land
What is the Meiji Restoration?
Japan wanted 1. industrialize and 2. Modernize
What type of government did Japan want?
Strong central government-Capitalism
What were some of the cultural and social changes during the Meiji Restoration?
Clothing, education, cars
Why did Japan want to become an Imperialistic country?
What is the Cold War?
Tension between USA (Democracy) and Soviet Union (Communism)
What is the Iron Curtain?
Imaginary that divides Democracy and Communism in Europe
What are satellite states?
Countries that are under heavy political economic and military influence of another state. Soviet Union told other countries what to do.
What is the goal of the Truman Doctrine?
The economic, military program to help Greece and Turkey, they are on the US side
What is the Marshal Plan?
Economic, military plan to help European countries.
What is containment?
stopping the spread of communism
Who is team NATO?
Who is team Warsaw Pact?
What is the Berlin Blockade?
when USSR cut off all traffic to Berlin in Eastern Germany due to containment, USA began to fly food, fuel, and supplies to Berlin to stop communism in Berlin
What did the Berlin Wall do?
Divided Berlin into two. West, Democracy, and East Communism
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