154 terms

Apologetics Midterm, Mr.Fred, Hawthorne Christian Academy (Still Editing)


Terms in this set (...)

Filippo Lippi
painter, painted the Madonna based on his mistress; renaissance
Colossians 2:8 "Beware Lest"
"Beware Lest anyone CHEAT you through Empty Deceit, according to the tradition of men, according to the basic principles of the world, and not according to Christ."
John 1: 17-18
" For the law"
"For the law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. No one has seen God at any time. The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him."
Ecclesiastes 12:10b-12a "what was written"
What was written was upright words of truth. The words of the wise are like goads, and the words of scholars are like well driven nails given by one shepherd. And further my son be admonished by these.
Jeremiah 15:16 "Your words"
Your words were found, and I ate them
Joshua 1:8 "This Book of"
"This Book of the Law shall not depart from your mouth but you shall meditate in it day and night that you may observe to do according to all that is written in it. For then you will make your way prosperous and then you will have good success."
1 Peter 3:15
"In your hearts"
"In your hearts set apart Christ as Lord. Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. But do this with gentleness and respect."
Romans 2:15 "They show"
"They show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness."
2 Corinthians 10:5 "We demolish"
"We demolish arguments and every pretension that sets itself up against the knowledge of God, and we take every thought captive to make it obedient to Christ."
Romans 1:20
"For since the creation"
"For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualities — his eternal power and divine nature — have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse."
Acts 26:25 "Paul replied"
"Paul replied, 'What I am saying is true and reasonable'"
John 17:17 "Sanctify Them"
"Sanctify them by your truth. Your work is truth."
Truth is...
Truth is what is reality whether you know it or not, whether you like it or not, whether you believe it or not. uh
Belief in God
defense of the faith or bible
who did socrates teach
Plato (student , teacher)
Student of Socrates, teacher of aristotle
Aristotle (student, Teacher)
Student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great (student of...)
Student of Aristotle
Cimabue (teacher of)
teacher of Giotto
Giotto (student of)
student of Cimabue
John Calvin
worked on the Unity of Grace and Nature paralleled Martin Luther (though they never worked together)
studied the heliocentric theory of Copernicus
David Hume
admired by Jefferson
admired David Hume
Karl Marx
dedicated his work to Darwin
nothing exists except matter and its movements and modifications
knowledge, truth, and morality exist in relation to culture, society, or historical context, and are not absolute
all events, including human action, are ultimately determined by causes external to the will
one should refrain from making truth claims, and avoid the postulation of final truths
nothing matters, life is meaningless
homo mensura
man to measure
I look at the things I can see
skepticism of materialism
doubt what you see
believe only what you think
optimistic humanism
emphasizes the value of human beings, and generally prefers critical thinking and evidence over acceptance of dogma or superstition
because evil exists, God must be an absent watchmaker
negative humanism
belief that humans are the product of chance, without higher meaning or purpose
all is physical, everything arises from natural properties and causes, there are no supernatural or spiritual explanations
the theory which advocates for the elimination of scarcity through publicly owned property distributed according to need and ability
idea that humans have no meaning and must create it through experience
rational insanity
without God, the only thing that makes sense is insanity
words have no meaning, infinite truths through deconstructing
contradictions are okay
post postmodernism
contradictions are okay, and I don't notice them
Nike of Samothrace
marble sculpture of goddess of victory, 196 BC
structure filled with statues of the gods (modeled after men) in Rome, with copies
School of Athens
Painting done by Raphael
A natural perspective, shallow relief
Sculpture techniques employed by Donatello
Mona Lisa
Painting of a woman done by Leonardo da Vinci
The Last Supper
Painting of Jesus and the disciples done by Leonardo da Vinci
primary subject matter of Van Eyck
Madonna and Child
painting done by Jean Fouquet with Mary modelled after the king's mistress
Sculpture by Michelangelo
Creation of Adam (Finger of God)
painted onto the Sistine Chapel by Michelangelo
French satire written by Voltaire
The Death of Socrates
painting done by Jacques Louis David in the Neoclassical style, with reference to the hand of God
On the origin of the species and the preservation of the favored races
book written by Darwin presenting the theory of evolution
Das Kapital
book by Karl Marx describing capitalism and its defeat by socialism, inheritance supports capitalism, so family must be eliminated
Communist Manifesto
political pamphlet written by Karl Marx emphasizing class struggle
a novel by Mary Shelley as a response to society
Parable of the Madman
parable written by Nietzsche
Persistence of Memory
surrealist painting by Salvador Dali
Three Musicians
abstract collage/painting by Pablo Picasso
dada painting of Mona Lisa with a moustache, done by Marcel Duchamp
dada sculpture of urinal with fake signature done by Marcel Duchamp
painting by Lynne Taetzsch, for which viewers are to create meaning
Piss Christ
photograph of a crucifix in a tank of urine, by Andre Serrano
Brave New World
novel by Aldous Huxley about London in 2540, where pleasure is key
The Stranger
novel by Albert Camus about the "absurd"
The Brothers Karamazov
novel by Fyodor Dostoevsky
Truth and Virtue exist, all truth is inside Man; socratic
Ideals are more real than nature; socratic
there is meaning that you can reach through reason and principles derived through experience; socratic
Cimabue and Giotto
painters, painted nature as nature, but Mary as a symbol; renaissance
Van Eyck
painter, focused on landscapes and spiritual themes painted realistically; renaissance
Jean Fouquet
painter, painted the Madonna based on the king's mistress; renaissance
Jacques Derrida
french philosopher who developed deconstruction as an analytical tool; destruction
Andre Serrano
shock artist, made Piss Christ; destruction
Jean Paul Sartre
french philosopher, said his being cried out for God, came to Christ; destruction
Albert Camus
french philosopher, wrote The Stranger; destruction
John Dewey
father of the modern public American education, signed humanist manifesto I; destruction
Aldous Huxley
author of Brave New World; destruction
Tristan Tzara
a founder of the dada movement; destruction
Lynne Taetzsch
dada artist, created culmination; destruction
Marcel Duchamp
dada artist, created fountain and LHOOQ; destruction
Edvard Munch
painted the Scream to represent angst; destruction
Fyodor Dostoevsky
religious existentialist who said without God anything was permitted; destruction
the father of postmodernism, nihilist; destruction
Karl Barth
believed the Bible was a record of experiences with God, and he could only be known through experience
Austrian neurologist who compared man to a sick animal; revolution
Soren Kierkegaard
believed God was so "wholly other" you could only experience him; revolution
proposed the theory of evolution; revolution
Karl Marx
optimistic humanist, believed scarcity prevented Utopia, supported communism; revolution
Mary Shelley
author of Frankenstein; revolution
founding father, removed all evidence of Jesus' divinity from his copy of the Bible; reason
Jacques Louis David
artist, painted The Death of Socrates and Napoleon; reason
Emerson and Thoreau
taught transcendentalism; revolution
Auguste Comte
believed nothing could be known unless it was observed (empiricism); revolution
painter, painted School of Athens; renaissance
astronomer, studied the orbits of the moons of Jupiter following Copernicus' theory; enlightenment
astronomer, suggested a heliocentric universe; enlightenment
John Calvin
figure instrumental in the second generation of the Protestant Reformation, believed in the unity of grace and nature; discovery and reformation
Martin Luther
German figure instrumental in the Protestant Reformation
Leonardo da Vinci
artist, painted Mona Lisa and the Last Supper; renaissan
the artist that painted the Sistine Chapel and sculpted David; renaissance
artist, employed techniques of natural perspective and shallow relief; renaissance
deist who wrote Candide; reason
"all is water"
"No man ever steps in the same river twice"
"all is math"
"man is the measure of all things"
Socrates quote
"What is Man?"
Thomas Aquinas
"Reason is the vestibule of faith"
Rene Descartes
"I think, therefore I am"
"all men are created equal"
Auguste Comte
"man is just stuff in a struggle"
Bernard Russell
"Man is a curious accident in the backwater of the universe"
Karl Marx
"Man is a curious accident in the backwater of the universe"

"Workers of the World, Unite!"

"You have nothing to lose but your chains"
"God is dead. God remains dead. And we have killed him. How shall we, the murders of all murders, comfort ourselves?"

"Plato was a bore"
Tristan Tzara
"God and my toothbrush are Dada, and New Yorkers can be Dada too, if they are not already."
Steven Wright
"I've been doing a lot of abstract painting...I just think about it"
Aldous Huxley
"Science has explained nothing; the more we know the more fantastic the world becomes and the profounder the surrounding darkness."
Baruch Spinoza
pantheist; enlightenment
John Locke
believed in empiricism; enlightenment
Rene Descartes
tried to doubt everything and only trust what he thought (skepticism of materialism and rationalism); enlightenment
mathematician, proves the laws of planetary motion by plotting objects in space; enlightenment
David Hume
Atheist skeptical of material and thought, believed miracles to be impossible; reason
Immanuel Kant
optimistic humanist, empiricist, believed Ultimate Reality existed but could not be known; reason
Albert Camus
"I do not believe in God and I am not an atheist"
Fyodor Dostoevsky
"If God didn't exist, everything would be possible"
Jean Paul Sartre
"That my whole being cries out to God, I cannot forget"
nothing exists except matter and its movements and modifications
all events, including human action, are ultimately determined by causes external to the will
knowledge, truth, and morality exist in relation to culture, society, or historical context, and are not absolute
oppisite ideas...
opposite ideas cannot both be true at the same time in the same sense
pre renessanse painting structure
renissance painting structure
people and images
Shock Art
contradictory ex.(urine with Jesus on the cross in it)
who came up with laws of logic
laws of logic
identity, non contradiction, excluded middle
Law of Identity
opposite ideas cannot be found at the same time in the same place
law of non contradiction
law of excluded middle
is what it is or not what its not but not both no middlr
greek word for faith
greek word for believe
root word for believe and faith in greek
part of speech for pietho
nature is really real, god is really spirit
francis bacon quotes
gods word and gods words
humanist manifesto date
humanist manifesto 2 date
20th century
age of destruction