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The Russian Empire

Byzantine & Russian Empires Chapter
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Boyars
Land owning aristocracy in early Russia.
Cyrillic
Alphabet based on Greek letters that was developed by two Byzantine missionaries, Cyril and Methodius, to write Slavic languages.
Czar/Tsar
Russian for "Caesar," the title used by Russian emperors.
Missionary
A person who teaches his or her religion to others who have different beliefs.
Ottoman Turks
Muslims that captured Constantinople in 1453 ending the Byzantine Empire.
Principality
Territory ruled by a prince.
Slavs
People from the forests north of the Black Sea.
Steppe
An extensive plain without trees (often associated with eastern Russia and Siberia).
Tribute
A tax levied by a ruler often as a mark of respect.
Vikings
Scandanavian people who explored and traded south along the rivers of eastern Europe eventually intermarrying with the Slavs.
Vladimir
Russian ruler who chose Byzantine Christianity as the official religion of the Russian state.
Volga
River trade route that linked Russians to the Byzantine world.
Yaroslav
Ruler during Golden Age of Kiev who issued a law code based on the Code of Justinian.

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