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First Aid & CPR Quiz 1
Terms in this set (68)
Four Steps for First Aid & CPR
Recognize there is an emergency
Decide to Act
Give Care until help arrives
5 things that will help recognize there is an emergency
Reasons people may not want to act
Presence of Bystanders
Uncertainty about victim
Nature of Injury/Illness
Fear of disease transmission
Fear of doing something wrong
What is the most important action to take?
Protects first responders who respond in a. reasonable, prudent manner in a. situation
Good Samaritan Laws
Emergency Action Steps
What things should you check?
Scene for safety
Victim for condition
What should you do when you call?
What should you do for care?
Care for the conditions until EMS arrives
When should you call?
When other people are around what should you do?
Send someone to call if needed and give care to the individual
What should you do when you are providing care alone to an adult?
Call first unconscious adult
What should you do when you are providing care alone to a child?
What are the two types of consent?
What do you tell the victim when getting actual consent?
Level of Training
The Care you will provide
What do you do if they refuse care?
What is implied consent?
They are unconscious and a reasonable person would give consent
What are 5 life threatening conditions?
Persistant Chest Pain
What are two examples of no sign of life?
What should you do when checking a responsive Adult/Child?
Get Consent, Interview using SAMPLE, Head to Toe check, Provide care
What does SAMPLE stand for?
Signs and symptoms, allergies, medications, past medical history, last food or drink, events lead to the incident
What do you look for when doing a head-to-toe check?
Bleeding, Pain, Bruising, Swelling
What do you do when checking an unresponsive Adult/Child?
Tap and Shout for 5-10 seconds and check for breathing.
What do you do if they are partially awake and breathing normal?
Call 911, Get AED, Check Head-to-Toe, Place Victim in Recovery Position
What do you do if they are not responsive?
Call 911, Get AED, Begin CPR, Use AED ASAP
What are three signs of Respiratory Distress?
Noisy breathing, fast or slow breathing, (pale, ashen, flushed, or bluish skin color)
How do you care for Respiratory Distress?
Call 911, Put victim in comfortable position, losses tight clothing, remain calm
What is Respiratory Arrest?
Breathing Stops, cells begin to die in 4-6 minutes, can lead to Cardiac Arrest
Universal Sign of Chocking?
Hands to throat
How to care of a Conscious Chocking Adult/Child?
Back Blows and Abdominal Thrusts
How many back blows?
Where do you do the back blows?
Between shoulder blades
How hard do you do back blows?
How do you support the person?
Engage your other arm under them so that when you strike them you are able to stop them from falling.
What part of your hand do you used during back blows?
What position should the victim be in?
Parallel to the ground
Where should the rescuer be during back blows?
Off to the side to support them
How many abdominal thrusts should you do?
What should your foot placement be for Abdominal Thrusts?
straddle the victim
Where should your fist be during abdominal thrusts?
Right above the naval
What kind of motion should you make during abdominal thrusts?
In and up
Do you alternate 5 back blows with 5 abdominal thrusts?
When do you stop back blows/abdominal thrusts?
Object Comes out
What do you do if they are coughing forcefully?
Become a cheerleader
How should you approach a chocking situation? (2 questions)
Ask if you can help
Ask if they can breathe
What should you do after you ask the questions about their chocking situation?
Have someone call 911 and begin giving First Aid for breathing
What do you do if a chocking victim is unresponsive?
Call 911 and give CPR
What do you do with an Unconscious Chocking Victim?
If you do not know they are chocking what do you do?
Perform CPR, 30 compressions, 2 rescue breaths
What do you do if the 1st rescue breath of a possible chocking victim doesn't go in?
Re-tilt the head and give a 2nd rescue breath
If the 2nd breath doesn't go in have you determined that they are chocking?
What do you do if you have determined that the victim is chocking?
1. 30 compressions
2. Look inside/finger sweep
3. 2 Rescue breaths
What do you do if the breaths don't go in?
Continue Compressions/Finger Sweep/Rescue Breaths
What do you do if the breaths go in?
Check for breathing
What do are the signs of possible CPR situations?
Not breathing, not moving
What does CPR do?
Circulates oxygenated blood to the body until AED is ready for use
What kind of surface do you want to do compressions on?
What part of your hand do you use when giving compressions?
Where do you place the heal of your hand?
Center of chest
How many compressions do you give in CPR?
What is the depth of CPR compressions?
What is the average rate of CPR compressions?
100-120 a minute
How many rescue breaths do you give in CPR?
How do you give the rescue breaths?
slow and gently, enough to make chest rise
If there are two responders after how many cycles can you switch in CPR?
Do you ever stop giving CPR to check for signs of life?
When do you stop CPR on an Adult?
Scene is unsafe, victim shows signs of life, AED tells you to stop touching patient, You are too exhausted, another trained responder takes over
If there are signs of life what do you need to do in CPR?
Keep the airway open and monitor breathing until EMS arrives
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