140 terms

Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary: Level G: Unit 1-7

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

abject
degraded; base, contemptible; cringing, servile; complete and unrelieved

syn: wretched, miserable, ignoble, sheer, utter

ant: noble, exalted
agnostic
one who believes that nothing can be known about God; a skeptic; without faith, skeptical

syn: doubter

ant: believer
complicity
involvement in wrongdoing; the state of being an accomplice

syn: connivance, collusion

ant: noninvolvement, innocence
derelict
someone or something that is abandoned or neglected; left abandoned; neglectful of duty

syn: vagrant; delinquent

ant: punctilious, conscientious, scrupulous
diatribe
a bitter and prolonged verbal attack

syn: harangue, tirade

ant: panegyric, encomium, eulogy
effigy
a crude image of a despised person

syn: figure, figurine
equity
the state or quality of being just, fair or impartial; fair and equal treatment

syn: justice, fairness, impartiality

ant: bias, unfairness, prejudice
inane
silly, empty, meaning or value

syn: idiotic, moronic, fatuous

ant: sensible, meaningful, profound
indictment
the act of accusing; a formal accusation

syn: charge, accusation
indubitable
certain, not to be doubted or denied

syn: unquestionable, indisputable

ant: questionable, debatable, dubious
intermittent
stopping and beginning again, sporadic

syn: fitful, spasmodic, random

ant: uninterrupted
moot
open to discussion and debate, unresolved, to bring up for discussion

syn: debatable, questionable, broach

ant: undebatable, indisputable, self-evident
motif
a principal idea, feature, theme, or element
neophyte
a new convert, beginner, novice

syn: tenderfoot

ant: veteran, past master, expert, pro
perspicacity
keenness in observing and understanding

syn: acumen, discernment

ant: dullness, obtuseness
plenary
complete in all aspects or essentials; absolute

syn: unrestricted

ant: limited, restricted, incomplete
surveillance
a watch kept over a person; careful, close, and disciplined observation

syn: observation, monitoring
sylvan
pertaining to or characteristic of forests; living or located in a forest

syn: arcadian
testy
easily irritated; characterized by impatience and exasperation

syn: irritable, peevish, waspish, petulant

ant: imperturbable, unexcitable
travesty
a grotesque or grossly inferior imitation; a disguise

syn: burlesque, caricature, farce
acuity
(n.) sharpness (particularly of the mind of senses)
delineate
(v.) to portray, sketch, or describe in accurate of vivid detail; to represent pictorially
depraved
(adj.) marked by evil and corruption, devoid of moral principles
enervate
(v.) to weaken or lessen the mental, moral, or physical vigor of; enfeeble, paralyze
esoteric
(adj.) intended for or understood by only a select few, private, secret
fecund
(adj.) fruitful in offspring or vegetation; intellectually productive
fiat
(n.) an arbitrary order or decree; a command or act of will or consciousness
figment
(n.) a fabrication of the mind; an arbitrary notion
garner
(v.) to acquire as the result of effort; to gather and store away, as for future use
hallow
(v.) to set apart as holy or sacred, sanctify, consecrate; to honor greatly, revere
idiosyncrasy
(n.) a peculiarity that serves to distinguish or identify
ignominy
(n.) shame and disgrace
mundane
(adj.) earthly, worldly, relating to practical and material affairs; concerned with what is ordinary
nuance
(n.) a subtle or slight variation (as in color, meaning, quality), delicate graduation or shade of difference
overweening
(adj.) conceited, presumptuous; excessive, immoderate
penchant
(n.) a strong attraction or inclination
reputed
(adj.) according to reputation or general belief; having widespread acceptance and good reputation; (part.) alleged
sophistry
(n.) reasoning that seems plausible but is actually unsound; a fallacy
sumptuous
(adj.) costly; rich, magnificent
ubiquitous
(adj.) present or existing everywhere; omnipresent
allay
(v.) to calm or pacify, set to rest; to lessen or relieve

SYN: reduce, alleviate, moderate
ANT: aggravate, exacerbate, intensify
bestial
(adj.) beastlike; beastly, brutal; subhuman in intelligence and sensibility

SYN: animalistic, loathsome
ANT: human, clement, virtuous, upright
convivial
(adj.) festive, sociable, having fun together, genial

SYN: fun-loving, jovial, merry
ANT: dour, sullen, unsociable
coterie
(n.) a circle of acquaintances; a close-knit, often exclusive, group of people with a common interest

SYN: clique, set
counterpart
(n.) a person or thing closely resembling or corresponding to another; a complement

SYN: match
demur
(v.) to object or take exception to; (n.) an objection

SYN: (v.) protest, object to
ANT: (v.) assent to, consent to, accept, agree to
effrontery
(n.) shameless boldness, impudence

SYN: chutzpah, nerve, impertinence, cheek
ANT: shyness, diffidence, timidity
embellish
(v.) to decorate, adorn, touch up; to improve by adding details

SYN: garnish
ANT: strip, mar, disfigure
ephemeral
(adj.) lasting only a short time, short-lived

SYN: transient, evanescent, transitory
ANT: durable, long-lasting, permanent, perpetual
felicitous
(adj.) appropriate, apt, well chosen; marked by well-being or good fortune, happy

SYN: fortunate, well-put
ANT: inappropriate, inept, graceless, unhappy
furtive
(adj.) done slyly or stealthily, sneaky, secret, shifty; stolen

SYN: covert, surreptitious
ANT: aboveboard, open
garish
(adj.) glaring; tastelessly showy or overdecorated in a vulgar or offensive way

SYN: gaudy, flashy, tawdry
ANT: subdued, muted, understated, quiet
illusory
(adj.) misleading, deceptive; lacking in or not based on reality

SYN: specious, spurious, imaginary
ANT: actual, real, factual, objective
indigent
(adj.) needy, impoverished

SYN: penniless, poverty-stricken, destitute
ANT: affluent, prosperous
inordinate
(adj.) far too great, exceeding reasonable limits, excessive

SYN: exorbitant, extravagant
ANT: reasonable, equitable
jettison
(v.) to cast overboard, get rid of as unnecessary or burdensome

SYN: cast off, discard, dump, junk
ANT: conserve, retain, hold on to, keep
misanthrope
(n.) a person who hates or despises people

SYN: people-hater
pertinacious
(adj.) very persistent; holding firmly to a course of action or a set of beliefs; hard to get rid of, refusing to be put off or denied

SYN: stubborn, determined
picayune
(adj.) of little value or importance, paltry, measly; concerned with trifling matters, small-minded

SYN: piddling, trifling
ANT: important, significant, huge, gigantic
raiment
(n.) clothing, garments

SYN: apparel, attire
acquisitive
(adj.) able to get and retain ideas or information; concerned with acquiring wealth or property
syn: greedy, avaricious, retentive
ant: altruistic
arrogate
(v.) to claim or take without right
syn: expropriate
ant: renounce, abdicate, abandon
banal
(adj.) hackneyed, trite, commonplace
syn: stale, insipid
ant: fresh, original, new
belabor
(v.) to work on excessively; to thrash soundly
syn: overwork
carping
(adj.) tending to find fault, especially in petty, nasty, or hairsplitting way; (n.) petty, nagging criticism
syn: nit-picking, caviling
ant: approving, uncritical
coherent
(adj.) holding or sticking together; making a logical whole; comprehensible, meaningful
syn: connected, unified, consistent, cohesive
ant: muddled, chaotic, disjointed
congeal
(v.) to change from liquid to solid, thicken; to make inflexible or rigid
syn: harden, jell, solidify
ant: liquefy
emulate
(v.) to imitate with the intent of equaling or surpassing the model
syn: copy, mimic, rival, match, measure up to
encomium
(n.) a formal expression of praise, a lavish tribute
syn: panegyric, eulogy
ant: condemnation, castigation, criticism
eschew
(v.) to avoid, shun, keep away from
syn: abstain from, steer clear of, forgo
ant: embrace, adopt
germane
(adj.) relevant, appropriate, apropos, fitting
syn: pertinent
ant: irrelevant, extraneous, inappropriate
insatiable
(adj.) so great or demanding as not to be satisfied
syn: unquenchable, ravenous
intransigent
(adj.) refusing to compromise, irreconcilable
syn: uncompromising, unyielding, obdurate
ant: lukewarm, halfhearted, yielding
invidious
(adj.) offensive, hateful; tending to cause bitterness and resentment
syn: malicious, spiteful, prejudicial, pejorative
ant: flattering, ameliorative
largesse
(n.) generosity in giving; lavish or bountiful contributions
syn: liberality, bounty
ant: stinginess, miserliness, niggardliness
reconnaissance
(n.) a survey made for military purposes; any kind of preliminary inspection or examination
syn: exploration
substantiate
(v.) to establish by evidence, prove; to give concrete or substantial form to
syn: confirm, validate, authenticate
ant: refute, disprove, invalidate
taciturn
(adj.) habitually silent or quiet, inclined to talk very little
syn: tight-lipped, uncommunicative, laconic
ant: garrulous, loquacious, prolix, verbose
temporize
(v.) to stall or act evasively in order to gain time, avoid a confrontation, or postpone a decision; to compromise
syn: dillydally, procrastinate
tenable
(adj.) capable of being held or defended
syn: defensible, justifiable, maintainable
ant: indefensible, unjustifiable
accost
(v.) to approach and speak to first; to confront in a challenging way
syn: buttonhole, approach
ant: avoid, shun
animadversion
(n.) a comment indicating strong criticism or disapproval
syn: rebuke, reproof
ant: praise, compliment
avid
(adj.) desirous of something to the point of greed; intensely eager
syn: keen, enthusiastic, grasping
ant: reluctant, indifferent, unenthusiastic
brackish
(adj.) having a salty taste and unpleasant to drink
syn: saline
ant: clear, sweet
celerity
(n.) swiftness, rapidity of motion or action
syn: promptness, speed
ant: slowness, sluggishness, dilatoriness
devious
(adj.) straying or wandering from a straight or direct course; done or acting in a shifty or underhanded way
syn: roundabout, indirect, tricky, sly, artful
ant: direct, straightforward, open, aboveboard
gambit
(n.) in chess, an opening move that involves risk or sacrifice of a minor piece in order to gain later advantage; any opening move of this type
syn: ploy, ruse, maneuver
halcyon
(n.) a legendary bird identified with the kingfisher; (adj.) of or relating to the halcyon; calm, peaceful; happy, golden; prosperous, affluent
syn: tranquil. placid, palmy
ant: turbulent, tumultuous
histrionic
(adj.) pertaining to actors and their techniques; theatrical, artificial; melodramatic
syn: affected, stagy
ant: muted, untheatrical, subdued
incendiary
(adj.) deliberately setting or causing fires; designed to start fires; tending to stir up strife or rebellion; (n.) one who deliberately sets fires, arsonist; one who causes strife
syn: (adj) inflammatory, provocative (n) firebrand
ant: (adj) soothing, quieting (n) peacemaker
maelstrom
(n.) a whirlpool of great size and violence; a situation resembling a whirlpool in violence and destruction
syn: chaos, turbulence, tumult
myopic
(adj.) nearsighted; lacking a broad, realistic view of a situation; lacking foresight or discernment
syn: shortsighted
ant: farsighted
overt
(adj.) open, not hidden, expressed or revealed in a way that is easily recognized
syn: clear, obvious, manifest, patent
ant: clandestine, covert, concealed
pejorative
(adj.) tending to make worse; expressing disapproval or disparagement, derogatory, deprecatory, belittling
ant: complimentary, amelioative
propriety
(n.) the state of being proper, appropriateness; (pl.) standards of what is proper or socially acceptable
syn: fitness, correctness
ant: unseemliness, inappropriateness
sacrilege
(n.) improper or disrespectful treatment of something held sacred
syn: desecration, profanation, defilement
summarily
(adv.) without delay or formality; briefly, concisely
syn: promptly, peremptorily
suppliant
(adj.) asking humbly and earnestly; (n.) one who makes a request humbly and earnestly, a petitioner, suitor
talisman
(n.) an object that serves as a charm or is believed to confer magical powers, and amulet, fetish
undulate
(v.) to move in waves or with a wavelike motion; to have a wavelike appearance or form
syn: fluctuate, rise and fall
cavort
(v.) to romp or prance exuberantly; to make merry
syn: gambol
credence
(n.) belief, mental acceptance
syn: credit, trust, confidence
ant: disbelief, skepticism, incredulity
decry
(v.) to condemn, express strong disapproval; to officially depreciate
syn: denounce, censure, devalue
ant: tout, comment, extol, laud, praise
dissemble
(v.) to disguise or conceal, deliberately give a false impression
syn: dissimulate, mask, feign
distraught
(adj.) very much agitated or upset as a result of emotion or mental conflict
syn: distracted
ant: calm, collected
eulogy
(n.) a formal statement of commendation; high praise
syn: panegyric, encomium, tribute
ant: philippic, invective
evince
(v.) to display clearly, to make evident, to provoke
syn: exhibit, manifest, occasion
exhume
(v.) to remove from a grave; to bring to light
syn: disinter, unearth, uncover
ant: bury, inter
feckless
(adj.) lacking in spirit and strength; ineffective, weak
syn: feeble, incompetent, ineffectual
ant: competent, capable, effective
murky
(adj.) dark and gloomy, obscure; lacking in clarity and precision
syn: dim, cloudy
ant: clear, transparent, lucid, limpid
nefarious
(adj.) wicked, depraved, devoid of moral standards
syn: iniquitous, reprehensible
ant: virtuous, honorable, praiseworthy, meritorious
piquant
(adj.) stimulating to the taste or mind; spicy, pungent; appealingly provocative
syn: zestful, tangy
ant: bland, insipid, tasteless, mild
primordial
(adj.) developed or created at the very beginning; going back to the most ancient times or earliest stage; fundemental, basic
syn: original, primal
propinquity
(n.) nearness in place or time; kinship
syn: similarity
ant: remoteness, distance
substantive
(adj.) real, having a solid basis; considerable in number or amount; meaningful and on topic
syn: firm, substantial, meaty
ant: imaginary, unreal, meaningless
unwonted
(adj.) not usual or expected; not in character
syn: unusual, uncommon, unexpected, atypical
ant: usual, customary, typical
utopian
(adj.) founded upon or involving a visionary view of an ideal world; impractical
syn: idealistic
ant: realistic, pragmatic
verbiage
(n.) language that is too wordy or inflated in proportion to the sense or content, wordiness; a manner of expression
syn: prolixity, diction, jargon
verdant
(adj.) green in tint or color; immature in experience or judgment
syn: artless, naïve
ant: scorched, sere, barren
viscous
(adj.) having a gelatinous or gluey quality, lacking in easy movement or fluidity
syn: sticky, thick
ant: watery, aqueous
Atrophy
(n.) The wasting away of a body organ or tissue; any progressive decline or failure; (v.) To waste away.
(SYN: degeneration, deterioration, wither)
(ANT: growth, mature)
Bastion
(n.) A fortified place, stronghold.
(SYN: citadel, rampart, parapet)
Concord
(n.) A state of agreement, harmony, unanimity; a treaty, pact, covenant.
(ANT: disagreement, strife, discord)
Consummate
(adj.) Complete or perfect in the highest degree; (v.) To bring to a state of completion or perfection.
(SYN: masterful, clinch, conclude)
(ANT: launch, initiate, begin, kick-off)
Disarray
(n.) Disorder, confusion. (v.) To throw into disorder.
(SYN: disorganization, dishevel, mess up)
(ANT: organization, order, tidiness)
Exigency
(n.) Urgency, pressure; urgent demand, pressing need; an emergency.
(SYN: requirement, crisis)
Flotsam
(n.) Floating debris; homeless, impoverished people.
(SYN: floating wreckage)
Frenetic
(adj.) Frenzied, highly agitated.
(SYN: frantic, overwrought)
(ANT: calm, controlled, relaxed, leisurely)
Glean
(v.) To gather bit by bit; to gather small quantities of grain left in a field by the reapers.
(SYN: cull, pick up)
Grouse
(n.) A type of game bird; a complaint; (v.) to complain, grumble.
(SYN: kvetch, bellyache)
Incarcerate
(v.) To imprison, confine, jail.
(SYN: intern)
(ANT: liberate, free)
Incumbent
(adj.) Obligatory, required. (n.) one who holds a specific office at the time spoken of.
(SYN: mandatory, necessary)
(ANT: optional, unnecessary)
Jocular
(adj.) Humorous, jesting, jolly, joking.
(SYN: waggish, facetious, droll)
(ANT: solemn, grave, earnest, grim)
Ludicrous
(adj.) Ridiculous, laughable, absurd.
(SYN: risible, preposterous)
(ANT: heartrending, poignant, pathetic)
Mordant
(adj.) Biting or caustic in through, manner, or style; sharply or bitterly harsh.
(SYN: acrimonious, acidulous, sardonic, scathing)
(ANT: bland, mild, gentle, soothing)
Nettle
(n.) A prickly or stinging plant; (v.) To arouse displeasure, impatience, or anger; to vex or irritate severely.
(SYN: peeve, annoy, incense, gall)
(ANT: please, delight, soothe, pacify)
Pecuniary
(adj.) Consisting of or measured in money; of or related to money.
(SYN: monetary)
Pusillanimous
(adj.) Contemptibly cowardly or mean-spirited.
(SYN: lily-livered)
(ANT: stouthearted, courageous)
Recumbent
(adj.) In a reclining position, lying down, in the posture of one sleeping or resting.
(SYN: prone, supine, inactive)
(ANT: erect, energetic, dynamic)
Stratagem
(n.) A scheme to outwit or deceive an opponent or to gain an end.
(SYN: trick, ploy, subterfuge)

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.