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Georgia Criminal Code Info and Definitions
Definitions of selected crimes and general info
Terms in this set (60)
Causing the death of another person with malice aforethought.
When death of any person results from an action occurring during the commission of a felony crime.
Causing the death of another in the commission of an act that is NOT a felony.
Making contact with another in a violent or provoking way.
Swinging at someone but not actually making contact, threatening gestures.
When one assaults with the intent to murder, rape, or rob; or assaulting another with a weapon.
When one intentionally injures another resulting in the disfiguring or loss of a member of their body.
Highjacking a Motor Vehicle
When in possession of a firearm or weapon, a person obtains a motor vehicle by force and violence.
With the intent of harassing and intimidating another, one contacts or places another under surveillance.
Abducting another without lawful authority and against the will of the person.
Any immoral or indecent act committed with or in the presence of a person under 16 years of age.
Aggravated Child Molestation
Sodomizing or injuring during a sex act a person under 16 years of age.
Making unwanted or unconsensual physical contact with the intimate parts of another.
Carnal knowledge of a female focibly and against her will, or with a female less than 10 years of age.
Violating the personal liberty of another by arresting, confining, or detaining such person without legal authority.
Threatening to commit any crime of violence with the purpose of terrorizing another, causing the evacuation of a building or facility of public transportation, with reckless disregard of causing such terror.
A lewd exposure of the human body in a public place.
Fighting by two or more persons in some public place to the disturbance or the public tranquility.
Entering any dwelling without authority with the intent to commit a felony or theft therein.
Intentionally damaging any property of another without consent, and the damage is $500.00 or less: or knowingly and without authority entering on the land or premises of another person for an unlawful purpose.
Criminal Damage to Property
Intentionally damaging the property of another without their consent and the damage exceeds $500.00.
Interference with Government Property
Destroying, damaging, or defacing government property. Forcibly interfering with or obstructing the passage into or from government property.
By means of fire or explosive, causing any damage to the dwelling house of another without their consent, or in which someone has a security interest.
Manufacturing an Explosive Device
Building, transporting, or possessing the material for an explosive device.
The Seven Deadly Sins
(Crimes you can be executed for committing)
Murder, Felony Murder, Treason, High jacking an Airplane, Rape, Robbery, or Kidnapping w/ ransom or harm to victim.
Ideal Elements of a Crime
Harm, Legality, Actus Reus, Mens Rea, Causation, Concurrence, and Punishment.
Taking the property of another from the person by force, intimidation, of sudden snatching.
Taking the property of another from the person by use of an offensive weapon.
Theft by Taking
Taking any property from any person with the intent of depriving them of that property, regardless of the manner the property is taken.
Theft by Deception
Obtaining property from another by any deceitful means with the intention of depriving the owner of the property.
Theft by Conversion
Legally obtaining funds from a person under an agreement, and then converting the funds to your own use.
Theft of Services
Obtaining any service from another, and then by deception, avoiding payment for the services.
Theft by Receiving Stolen Property
Receiving, disposing of, or retaining stolen property that you know or should have known was stolen.
Theft by Shoplifting
Taking merchandise from a retailer without paying by concealing it, altering a price tag, transferring it to a different container, or changing a price tag.
Title in the Georgia Code where you would find the Jurisdiction of the Juvenile Court.
An individual who is under the age of 17, under 18 but alleged to be deprived, or under 21 and still under court supervision or probation.
Classification of a crime that is not defined in the criminal code.
Title in the Criminal Code where you would find information on Crimes.
When persons between the ages of 13 and 17 are in the jurisdiction of the Superior court.
When they commit Murder, Rape, or Aggravated sexual offenses.
When Juvenile records are sealed.
After two years provided the person has not been convicted of another offense.
A Peace Officer
A person vested by law to maintain order and make arrests.
An Unruly Child
A juvenile who is habitually disobedient of reasonable, lawful commands of parents, and is ungovernable.
Mala in se
Crimes that are wrong in themselves and are universal and timeless.
Crimes that are wrong because laws define them as such.
Legal definition of crime
An intentional violation of the criminal code law or penal code, committed without defense or excuse, and punished by the state.
The external consquence required to make an action a crime.
Criminal conduct-intentional or criminally reckless action or inaction that causes harm.
Criminal intent; a guilty state of mind.
Force or coercion as an excuse for committing a crime.
A special category of offense created for young offenders, usually those between 7 and 18 years of age.
Mental or psychological impairment or retardation as a defense for committing a crime.
A legal defense against criminal responsibility when a person is induced into committing a crime by a law enforcement officer or by his agent.
A legal defense against criminal responsibility used when a crime is committed to prevent a more serious crime.
Dark figure of crime
The number of crimes not officially recorded by the police.
An estimate of crimes committed.
An act that is illegal for a juvenile but not a crime is committed by an adult.
A legal defense where the defendant doesn't deny doing the act, but claims they were responding to the other person's aggressive
and threatening actions.
A credible source of evidence that a
person accused of a crime was not at the scene at the time a crimewas committed
The most common defense in criminal trials.
Guarantees that all citizens have the right to be innocent until proven guilty.
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