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history chapter 18
Terms in this set (86)
Policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political or military control over weaker territories
3 factors that led to American imperialism:
1. Desire for military strength
2. Thirst for new markets (new trade)
3. Belief in cultural superiority (American way of life and government should be spread)
The US become the worlds _______ largest naval power
Battleships Maine and Oregon are examples of...
Steel hilled cruisers from the US for military strength
What allowed American farms and factories to produce more than American needed?
Advances in technology
What did imperialists believe about new markets?
Foreign trade was the solution to American overpopulation
What would new markets do for US farms and factories?
Allow them to sell surplus food
What did imperialists argue about the spread of Christianity?
It was a responsibility to spread Christianity and civilization to the worlds inferior people
Secretary of State under presidents Lincoln and Johnson; imperialist
What is the job of Secretary of State?
Negotiates with other countries
Another way of saying imperialist...
Supporter of American expansion
Who arranged for the US to buy Alaska from the Russians?
What was the cost when buying Alaska?
7.2 million (cheap)
Many people thought of the agreement to by Alaska as...
Alaska was rich in:
Oil (not discovered when purchased)
When buying Alaska, each acre was...
When did Alaska become a state?
How was Hawaii before it became a US state?
Controlled by a monarchy
What islands did the US take over?
Why had Hawaii become economically important to the US?
Because American merchants would stop there on their way to East India and China (ideal place to refuel on way to Asia)
What did American missionaries establish on the Hawaiian Islands?
Christian schools and churches
American sugar planters in Hawaii sold most of their croo to...
The United States
What did the American planters in Hawaii want the US to annex the Hawaiian Islands?
So they would not have to pat a duty
Another word for tax...
Meaning to add on
Why did American farmers favor annexation?
Because they benefit financially from it
What was the naval base called that Hawaii allowed the US to build on their land?
Pearl Harbor (became a refueling station for American ships)
What was Queen Liliuokalani's agenda when she came into power?
"Hawaii for Hawaiians"
(Wants to protect the interests of native Hawaiians)
Who was the last Hawaiian monarch?
Who organized a revolt on Queen Liliuokalani?
American businesses groups
Who helped overthrow Queen Liliuokalani?
Who was the head of the new government in Hawaii?
Stanford B Dole
Who formally recognized the Republic of Hawaii?
President Grover Cleveland
President Grover Cleveland refused to _______ Hawaii
Who became president of the US in 1897?
William McKinley (imperialist)
Hawaii became the ______ state in 1959
Who recommended President Franklin Pierce that the US should buy Cuba from Spain?
Were the Spanish interested in selling Cuba?
Was the Cuban revolt against Spain successful?
Cuban poet and journalist that launched a revolution on 1895
Who organized Cuban resistance against Spain?
Spaniard sent from Spain to restore order in Cuba
Was was the American public opinion on Marti's resistance?
What did General Weyler do to many Cubans from rural areas?
Send them to concentration camps (causes American opinion to continue to be divided)
American newspapers printed stories on what Weyler was doing and...
(Aka yellow journalism)
Exaggerated the news to lie and enrage readers
What increased American war fever?
Yellow journalism on Weyler actions
(Many people start to favor helping the Cubans revolt against Spain)
Been sent to Havana harbor to bring home any American citizens in danger and to protect American property in Cuba
What happened to the USS Maine?
It blew up in the Havana harbor
(260 Americans killed)
Who was blamed for the Maine explosion?
Who asked congress to use force against Spain?
When did the US declare war on Spain? (Spanish American War)
April 20, 1898
Where did the 1st battle of the Spanish American War take place?
Who open fired on the Spanish fleet in Manila, Philippines?
American Commodore George Dewey
Was Dewey successful in destroying the Spanish fleet?
Filipino rebel's were led by...
Filipino rebels joined forces with _______ and Spanish surrendered to the US
Americans effectively blockaded the harbor of...
Santiago de Cuba
When did the US army land in Cuba?
An American volunteer cavalry led by Leonard Wood and Theodore Roosevelt
Aka soldiers on horseback
Who was successful during the Battle of San Juan?
Rough Riders and 2 African American regiments
Who was considered the hero of San Juan Hill?
What ends the Spanish-American War?
Treaty of Paris
US and Spain signed an armistice:
Spain agreed to free Cuba (independence)
Spain turned over Guam and Puerto Rico to US (still US territory today)
Spain sold Philippines to US for 20 million
What did the new Cuban government do when independent from Spain?
Write a constitution
What did the Cuban constitution leave out?
The relationship between the US and Cuba
What did the US demand Cuba to ass to their constitution?
The Platt Amendment
(US military would not leave Cuba until this was added)
How long did the Platt Amendment remain in effect?
Country who's affairs are partially controlled by a stronger power
Cuba because a US...
What was the main reason the US wanted to maintain a presence in Cuba?
To protect American businesses that had invested in Cuba's sugar, tobacco and mining industries
How did Emilio Aguinaldo feel about the Treaty of Paris and the US?
Who organized a revolt against the US?
(US forced them to live in designated zones. Many died because of starvation, disease and poor sanitation; they were treated as inferiors)
How long did the US spend putting down the rebellion against the Filipinos?
(Costly revolt about 400 mill and 4,000 American lives were lost)
Once the rebellion was put down against US and Philippines, who set up a government for the Philippines?
(They didn't become an independent nation until 1946)
Life changer forever and connects the Atlantic and pacific oceans
Who belived that the US needed a canal that cut across Central America?
(It would reduce travel time, creating a shortcut between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans)
What did the US need to construct a canal through Panama?
Permission from Columbia, which controlled Panama at the time
Who refused to give US permission to build a canal? What was the US response to this?
The US helped Panamanian rebels gain independence from Columbia (Teddy Roosevelt)
Who signed a contract with the US to build the canal?
Panama, once it was independent
What was the cost for the Canal Zone?
$10 mill and an annual rent of $250,000
The US ended up giving control of the canal to ______ in 1999
How was the construction of the Panama Canal?
Difficulty and workers died of diseases or accidents
When did the canal open?
Aug 15, 1914
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