100 Important Artists
Eat it, Karli.
Terms in this set (100)
An American Artist, becoming a leading figure in Pop Art. His works explore artistic expression, celebrity culture, and advertisements. There is a museum in Pittsburgh dedicated to him, the largest dedicated to a single artist. He painted soup cans and Marilyn Monroe
A pseudonymous UK based graffiti artist, political activist, and painter. Known for his satirical street art and epigrams combining dark humor with graffiti. His works have been featured on streets, walls, and bridges throughout the world. Made up around the Bristol Underground scene. He painted Balloon girl and Bomb Hugger,
A Russian-French artist, known as the quintessential Jewish artist of the 20th century. A modernist, he is associated with several major artistic styles, and famous for his many different mediums. He painted I and the Village, and The Poet Reclining
A Mexican painter known for her self portraits, her unibrow, and her monkeys. "Self Portrait with_____" Married to Diego Rivera, and had a severe accident when she was 15.
A spanish painter who lived in France for most of his life. One of the greatest and most influential artists, known for founding the cubist movement, collage, and constructed sculpture. One of his best known paintings is Guernica.
A Swiss painter, influenced by expressionism, cubism, and surrealism. He got deep into color theory, writing about it extensively in his namesake notebooks. He was taught at the Bauhaus school of art. He painted Ad Parnassum, Twittering Machine, and Fish Magic.
An american photographer and environmentalist. His black and white landscape photographs of the american west have been widely reproduced, especially of Yosemite. Primarily using large-format cameras to ensure sharpness. She photographed Moonrise Hernandez, and Moon Over Half Dome
A founder of the French Impressionist painting, and one of the most consistent and prolific practitioner of expressing ones perceptions before nature, especially Plein-Air. Known for Impression Sunrise, Woman with a Parasol, and Water Lily Pond.
A prominent Mexican Painter and the husband of Frida Kahlo, this painter painted frescos in the Mexican Mural Movement. Known for Murals and frescos, this artist has works held at many museums like MoMa in NYC. He painted Man at the Crossroads, The Flower Carrier, and El Vendedor De Alcatraces
Vincent van Gogh
A Post-Impressionist painter of Dutch Origin, notable for rough beauty and emotional honesty in his work. Suffered from years of anxiety and mental illness, he died from a gunshot wound, generally believed to be self inflicted.
An influential american painter, and a large figure in Abstract Expressionism, he was well known for his unique style of drip painting. Struggling with alcoholism for most of his life, this painter died at age 44.
A 20th century painter and illustrator, known for his reflection of American Culture. Famous for his cover illustrations of the Saturday Evening Post for more than four decades. Most famous for Rosie the Riveter, Saying Grace, and Freedom From ____.
A visual artist, primarily a realist, he worked predominantly with religionist style. One of the best known artists of the 20th century, from Chadds Ford, PA. His art is also displayed in the MoMa. He painted Christina's World, and Ringu.
An American photographer, noted for black and white square photographs of deviant and marginal people, such as dwarfs, nudists, and circus performers. Afraid she would be known as a photographer of freaks. She photographed "Child with toy hand grenade in Central Park", and Identical Twins
An English philosopher, statesmen, and painter, he is known for his scientific method and scientific revolution, as well as founding the painting style of empiricism. Known for "Study of velasques's pope Innocent the 10th"
A 20th century english painter and printmaker, who lived at Fawley Bottom. He is famous for many things, such as the Baptistry Window and Middle Mill paintings and glass work. He painted Interior of Coventry Cathedral.
An American Painter and photographer who achieved fame as a photorealist through his massive scale portraits. A catastrophic event left him severely paralyzed in 1988, but he continued to produce art. He produced "Frank"
An american realist, best known for his oil and watercolor paintings. He painted urban scenes and rural scenes, and painted "typical american subject matter" He painted Chop Suey, Nighthawks, and Automat.
An austrian symbolist painter, one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession Movement. His primary subject was the female body, and marked by frank eroticism. He painted The Kiss, Beethoven Frieze, and Death and Life.
Known for his use of color and his fluid draughtmanship, this french artist was a painter, printmaker, and sculptor. He is commonly used to define revolutionary movements in the plastic arts.Labeled a Fauve, he was an upholder of classical french tradition. He painted Blue Nude, Green Stripe, Woman with a hat, and Dance.
Known for his reproductions of normal objects, such as balloon animals in stainless steel with mirror finish. His works have sold for substantial sums of money, including breaking a record. Balloon Dog sold for 58.4 million dollars. He made Balloon Dog, Woman in Tub, Michael Jackson and Bubbles, and Three Ball 50/50 tank.
A belgian surrealist artist, known for witty and thought provoked images, that fall under the umbrella of surrealism. His work challenges observers perceptions of reality. he painted The Treachery of Images, The Son of Man, Golconda, and The Human Condition.
An american pop-artist during the 1960's, he became a leading figure in the new art movement. ";Pop art through Parody" Often parodied tongue-in-cheek humorous manner. "Whaam!" and Drowning Girl, are two of his famous pieces.
A british sculptor, photographer, and environmentalist producing sire specific sculpture and land art situated in natural and urban settings. He lives and works in Scotland. He did Icicle Star Bound With Saliva, Rowann Leaves and Hole, and Pebbles Bromen and Scraped.
An American photographer and film director, known for her conceptual portraits. She was the recipient of the MacArthur Fellowship. Her photographs include some of the most expensive ever sold.
An entrepreneur and art collector, he is known for being a member of the YBA. Renowned as being the richest living art collector. Known for The Physical Impossibility of Death in The Mind of Someone Living.
An artist and social activist whose work responded to the NYC street culture of the 1980's, by expressing Birth, Death, Sexuality, and War. He often had heavy political images. He painted Moses and the Burning Bush, Debbie Dick, and Keith and Julia.
An American moderns artist who spent most of his career in Paris. Siginificant contributor to Dadaism and Surrealism, although he only had informal ties. Best known for Avant-Garde photography, renowned for fashion and portraits. He did The Rope Dancer, Space Wiring, and Indestructible Object.
An american painter and printmaker. She lived much of her adult life in France, where she befriended Edgar Degas, and later exhibited among the Impressionists. Often painting social and private lives of some, with emphasis on mother and children. She painted Little Girl in Blue Armchair, The Child's Bath, and Child in a Straw Hat.
An internationally prolific contemporary Japanese artist. He works in fine arts media, such as painting and sculpture. As well as fashion, merchandise, and animation. He coined the term Superflat, and dealt with the nature of post war.
A german painter and mathematician, this man is known for engraving, and utilizing goldsmithing, and woodcuts. His watercolors mark him was one of this first european landscapeists. He did Melancholia I, Knight Death and the Devil and The Four Apostles.
An American sculpture artist, who is best known for his invention of the Mobile, a type of kinetic sculpture made with balanced components attached by string or wire, that is suspended from air. Calder made many of these throughout his career. He made "stabiles", one known as Lobster Trap and Fish Tail.
A french artist famous for his paintings and drawings. One of the founders of impressionism, he preferred to be called a realist. His portraits are known for their psychological complexity and human isolation. Ballerinas and Horses, he did Little Dancer of 14 years, Awaiting Cue, and At the races
A Norwegian painter and printmaker whose evocative treatment of psychological themes built up 20th and 19th century symbolism. One of his best known works is the Scream. The Sick Child, and Puberty.
An Italian painter, sculptor and theorist. He is best known as being the of Spatialism and has large ties to Arte Povera (or, Poor Man's art)
An American Contemporary artist who worked in Pop Art and Abstract Expressionism, although he is often described as a Neo-Dadaist. HE is best known for "Flag" He uses Classical Iconography in many of his works
This LA artist was a Pop Artist, known for imaginary seals and stamps throughout his work. HE moved into bodies and cartoon characters as Pop Art progressed. He is often described as a Minimalist.
A large contributor to the De Stijl art movement, this man evolved a nonrepresentational form which he termed neoplascticism. This was white ground with parallel intersecting lines, with various colorers and shapes added in.
An American Fashion and portrait photographer, his photographs help capture Americas beauty of the later half of the 20th century. Born in NYC, this man died in 2004, capturing many many photographs in his lifetime.
An american painter and graphic artist whose early works anticipated the Pop Art movement. He is best known for his combines, in which nontraditional materials were employed in innovative ways. He was awarded the National Medal of Arts in 1933.
An american landscape painter, best known for his Marine Subjects. He is one of the foremost painters of the 19th century and one of the entryway painters into the 20th. He worked as a commercial illustrator, working extensively in Watercolor
An English painter and draughtsman, and photographer, he lives in Bridlingotn, Yorkshire. He also has houses in California. He was an important contributor to the Pop Art movement, and one of the most influential British Artists
An Austrian painter and protégé of Kilmt, he was a major figure of the early 20th century, noted for is deep intensity and self-portraits he produced. He twisted the bodies and used expressive lines that marked him as an Expressionist
A figurative artist from Colombia, his signature style depicts peoples in large, exaggerated volume, which can represent political criticism or humor. His art can be found in famous world locations, such as Park Avenue and Champs Elysées in Paris
A French-American painter who's work is strongly associated with Dadaism and conceptual art. He is one of the three artists that helps define the revolutionary in the Plastic Arts in the opening decades of the 20th century.
A french artist and Post-Impressionist whose work laid the foundations for 20th century art. Matisse and Picasso are said to have called him "The Father of Us All". HE used form to build up complex pills.
A 20th century American Photographer. Called one of the most innovative and influential American Photographers . He produced an expansive set of subjects, from landscapes, nudes, genre scenes and whimsical parodies. First photographer to receive a Guggenheim Fellowship.
A German-Australianphotographer, he was a prolific, widely imitated fashion photographer whose erotic and provocative photos (Black and White) were a mainstay of Vogue.
John Singer Sargent
An American artist, considered the leading portrait painter of his generation, with the ones of Edwardian Era luxury. He did more than 900 oil paintings and more than 2,000 watercolors.
A contemporary African American Artist who explored Race, Gender,Sexuality, violence, and innocence. She is defiantly best known for her room size tableaux of black cut-paper silhouettes.
A renowned French-American artist and sculptor, one of the most important modern artists in contemporary art. She is best known for her Spider structures, giving her the name "Spiderwoman" Her largest spider, Maman, has loomed over countless locations across the world.
A German Painter, Sculptor, Graphic, artist, and poet. He was a primary pioneer of the Dada movement and Surrealism, married to Dorothea Tanning, but had other spouses as well (divorced). he painted The Elephant Celebes, Aquis Submersus, and The Hat Makes The Man.
A french Post-Impressionist artist who wasn't appreciated until after death. He was noted for his experimental use of colors, that was distinguishably different from Impressionism. His work was Avant-Garde at the time, and he influenced that movement heavily as well. He did "Where do we come from? What are we? Where are we going?", Tahitian Women, The Yellow Christ, and Vision after sermon.
An important figure in American Photography and film. His most notable work his actually his book, titles "The Americans" It offers a fresh view of Americans from an outside perspective. He later expanded his minimal filming into manipulating photographs for art.
Born in Boston Massachusetts, he was an American Photographer, known for his large-scale, highly stylized black and white photography. His work featured a range of subjects from celebrity, male and female nudes, and still life images of flowers. He produced obscene controversial photographs in the 1970's, which concerned the public.
An African-American artist and writer, who worked in cartoons, oils, and collage. He moved to NYC at an early age, and went on to graduate from NYU. His work focused on unity and cooperation within the African American community. He did The Train, Urban Rhythms and Dreams of Paradise, and The Dove.
An influential Russian painter and art theorist, he is credited with painting the first purely abstract works. He studied law and economics, and began taking sketching classes at his collage. He became a french citizen later in life, and thats where he produced his most prominent art. He painted On White II, Improvisation, and Small pleasures.
An American Photographer and modern art promoter, this man is known for his photography and his New York art galleries that he ran in the earlier parts of the 20th century, where he introduced many Avant-Garden European artists to the US. He was married to Georgia O'Keeffe.
An american fashion photographer and occasional film maker, he is most widely known for his ad campaigns for Calvin Klein, Ralph Lauren, Abecrombie, and Vogue as well. He also worked with many other famous fashion magazines as well.
An English photographer, he is regarded as one of the greatest British photographers. After becoming an assistant at the John French studio, he became contracted as a fashion photographer. He helped create the 'Swinging London' of the 1960's.
An american painter and printmaker, noted for his works in minimalism and post-painterly abstraction. He was born in Massachusettes, and became a prominent figure in many fields, like Modernism, Geometric Abstraction, Hard Edge Painting, and Color field painting. He painted The Marriage of Reason and Square, Die Fahne Hoch, and Firuzabad.
A French Post-Impressionist painter, he is noted for the use of the painting technique 'pointillism' One of his best known paintings is A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte. One of the icons of 19th century painting. His most famous painting is a Sunday Afternoon on the island of la grande jatte
An italian painter and printmaker who specialized in still-life. His paintings are known for their tonal subltey and depicting simple objects, like Vases, bottles, bowls, flowers, and landscapes. He did Natura Morta ___.
An english sculptor artist, he was best known for semi abstract monumental bronze sculptures, which are located around the world as public art. His forms are usually abstractions of the human figure, typically depicting mother and child. He did Reclining Figure, Man enters the Cosmos, and Nuclear Energy.
A German Born British painter, he is known chiefly for his impastoed portrait and figure paintings. He was widely considered to be the preeminent British artist of his time. Noted for their psychological penetration, his works were often discomforting examinations of the relationship between artist and model. He did Girl with a White Dog, Woman with a daffodil, and Two Japanese Wrestlers by a Sink.
An American artist who works in sculpture, photography, and drawing and film. His early works are scuputaral installations combined with performance and video. He created the CREMASTER cycle, which is a series of five films, and a brilliant achievement in Avant-Garde cinema. He Did Cremaster 2, The Deportmant of the Host, and Repressia.
An american photographer, he's best known for his work with the FSA, documenting the effects of the Great Depression. He uses large-format 8x10 inch cameras. Much of his works are permeant residents in famous museums, such as MoMa.
An American painter, best known for his colorful works depicting common objects, such as pies, lipsticks, ice cream cones, pastures, and hotdogs. He is associated with Pop Art, due to his interest in objects of Mass Culture. He uses heavy pigment and exaggerated colors.
An American painter of large scale, freely scribbled, calligraphic and graffiti-like works on solid fields of neutral colors. His paintings are in famous museums throughout the world, like the MoMa and Lourve.
A german visual artist and one of the pioneers of New European Painting that has emerged in the second half of the twentieth century. He has produced abstract painters as well as photorealistic paintings and photographs and glass pieces. He did Lesende, Candle, and Mrs.Wolleh
An american photographer known for his fashion photography, portraits, and still lifes. His career included work at Vogue Magazine, and independent advertising work, including Clinique. He continues to inform the art of photography.
An American pop artist, he is sometimes considered to be a part of the Neo-Dada movement. He was born in Cincinatti, and pioneered with artist and composers such as John Cage, the chaotic performance art that was taking over the nation at the time. He did Quartet, The Albertina Venus, The Black and Red Heart, The Yellow Belt
An American painter based in New York City, he is best known for satirical figurative paintings, which deal with provocative sexual and social themes in a skillful manner. He distorts and exaggerates the erotic forms of the female body. he did The Women of Franklin Street, The Old Fur, and Nude on a Table
John James Audubon
A french-american ornithologist, naturalist, and painter. He was notable for his expansive studies to document all types of american birds. His major work is a book titled The Birds of America
An American artist classified as a feminist artist, a movement beginning in the 20th century. Her body art is imbued with political significance, undermining the traditional erotic representation of women by male artists. She did My Blue Lake, Lying With The Wolf, and How I Know I'm Here.
An American Photographer, she photographed explicit works, depicting the real lives of lower class New York Citizens, often exploring the romantic relationships developed between members of the class. She was criticized for glamorizing the use of Heroin in her pictures. She's known for Eden and After
An American Painter and photographer. He began appropriating photographs in 1975. His image (Cowboy) a "rephotograph" of a picture originally taken by Sam Abell, and appropriated from a cigarette advertisement. He raised over 1 million dollars at auction.
An american minimalist sculptor and video artist, who is known for working with large scale assemblies of sheet metal. He was involved in the Process Art Movement. He lives in New York, still working today. He did One Ton Prop, Torqued Ecplise, The Matter of Time, and Intersection II.
An American Photographer who is widely known for being credited with color photography as being a legitimate artistic medium to display in art galleries.
A french sculptor, although considered to be a progenitor of Modern Sculptor, he did not set out to rebel the past. He possessed the ability to model a complex deeply pocketed surface in clay on his sculptures. he is known for The Thinker, The Kiss, The Gates of Hell, and the Burghers of Calais.
An English painter who is one of the foremost exponents of Op art. She currently lives and works in London. She produced black and white works of geometric forms that produce movement of color. Her works sometimes have people feel the same feeling as seasickness and sky diving. She did Movement in Squares, Cataract 3, and Shadow Play.
A french painter, one of the first artists to paint modern life. He was pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism. One of his famous paintings is 'The Luncheon on the Grass' and 'Olympia'
An American Painter who rose popularity in the Middle of the 1990's. She is a contemporary artist best known for stylized and idealized portraits of her close friends, pop celebrities, European Monarchy, and boyfriends.
Francisco de Goya
A Spanish Romantic painter and printmaker, regarded as the last of the Old Masters and the first of the Moderns. He was a court painter to the Spanish Crown, and notably had a bold handling of paint, providing a model for later artists. He is known for Saturn Devouring His Son, The Third of May, and Caprichos.
An American Painter and Sculptor associated with the Pop Art movement. He was presented with a National Medal of Arts in 1999. He created life size statures, normally cast figures, by using plaster bandages , known for making orthopedic casts. He did Street Crossing, The Truck, The Commuters, and Abraham and Isaac.
A French Painter who led the realist movement in 19th century france. He bridged the Romantic Movement with the Barbizon School and the Impressionists. He was willing to make bold social statements through his work. He did A Burial at Ornans, The Stone Breakers, and The Painters Studio.
An American conceptual artist. She lives and Works in New York. She belongs to a generation of artists, noted for being feminists that emerged from about 1980. She attempted to make narrative or commentary and implicit part of visual artists.
She is a contemporary British painter, associated with the Young British Artists, she is known for painting large scale painted depictions of naked women. She lives and works in Oxford, England. She did Ruben's Flap, Torso 2, and Passage.
This man is an American Photographer and artist. In the 1960's and 70's, he worked primarily with 35mm cameras and Black and White film. He evolved an influential and often imitated visual language of urban social landscape, with many of his pictures including store front reflections, fenced structures, posters, and street sign.
A South African artist and painter who lives in Amsterdam. She produced paintings, collages, drawings, prints and installations. She now works mainly with oil and canvas, and ink on paper. She stresses the physical reality of the human body. She did several portraits of kids.
A Danish-Icelandic artist known for sculptures and large scale installation of art employing elemental materials, such as light, water, and air temperature to enhance the viewers experience. He did The Weather Project, 8900054, and The Meditated Motion.
An American Artist linked to various movements, including Conceptual Art and Minimalism. LeWitt came to fame in the 1960's, with a wide range of Media. He has been the subject of hundreds of Solo Exhibitions. He did Serial Project I, Incomplete Open Cubes, and Four-Sided Pyramid.
An Indian sculptor, born in Bombay. He lived and worked in london since the early 1970's. He studied at Hornsey Collage of Art, and Later at the Chelsea School of Art and Design. He did Cloud Gate, AcrelorMittal Orbit, and Marsyas.
Cai Guo Qiang
A Chinese contemporary artist and curator. He currently lives and works in New York City. He works mainly with symbolism, narratives, and traditions, such as fengshui, Chinese Medicine, and Shanshui paintings.
David Alfaro Siquerios
A Mexican social realist painter, better know for his large murals and frescos. Along with Diego Rivera, he established Mexican Muralism. He was a Stalinst and a member of the Mexican Communist Party. He did The Dictarotship, and Self-Portrait.
An American artist associated with minimalism. He sought after autonomy and clarity in works for the constructed object and the space created ultimately by it. He achieved democratic presentation without compositional hierarchy. He did Progressions, In Praise of Doubt, and Untitled Bernstein.
An American artist associated with the Pop Art movement. He has worked with the media of painting, printmaking, drawing, photography, and film. He lives in California.
An American photographer, painter, and art gallery and museum curator. He was most frequently featured photographer un Alfred Stielgitz magazine, Camera Work.
A major 20th century French artist, collagist, and sculptor. His most important contributions were his alignment with Fauvism and the role he played in developing in Cubism. He did violin and Candlestick, Man With A Guitar, and Little Harbor in Normandy.
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
A French painter and illustrator, whose immersion in the colorful life of paris in the late 1800's yielded countless paintings, both exciting and elegant. he painted pictures of the Moulin Rouge.
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