example of fallacies
Terms in this set (13)
This is a fallacy in which the arguer claims that there are only two options, and one is unacceptable so we must accept the other. However in actuality there are other alternatives.
In this fallacy, the arguer makes her own position appear stronger by misrepresenting her opponent's position.
In this fallacy, the arguer creates fear by saying if one thing is permitted, a whole host of the most extreme cases will occur.
When the premise of an argument supports a particular conclusion, but then a different, often vaguely related conclusion is drawn, this fallacy occurs. The arguer is basically missing the point.
When the arguer changes the subject and takes the listener down a different, unrelated path, this fallacy occurs.
Begging the Question/Circular Reasoning (TAUTOLOGY)
In this fallacy, the arguer supports the conclusion simply by restating it as a premise or by leaving out a key premise. It never actually answers a question.
Appeals to force/fear
In this fallacy, the arguer tries to get you to accept his view on the grounds that you will be harmed if you don't. He attempts to motivate you from a position of fear rather than to logically persuade you.
Appeals to Pity
In this fallacy, the arguer tries to get you to accept his view on the grounds that he will be harmed if you don't.
Faulty Appeal to Authority
In this fallacy, the arguer appeals to an authority whose area of expertise is irrelevant to the issue at hand, or appeals to a person who is famous but not an expert.
Ad Hominem/ Personal Attack
In this fallacy, the arguer suggests that her opponent's view is unacceptable because of some negative character trait. Attack the person rather than the argument.
In this fallacy, the arguer appeals to the sheer number of persons who agree with the belief or to the popularity of the belief as evidence that it is true.
Post hoc ergo proctor hoc ("after this, therefore because of this")
In this fallacy, the arguer uses the fact that one thing happened before another as evidence that the first thing caused the second thing.
In this fallacy, the arguer is comparing situations that are different and cannot accurately be compared.
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