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Kustan Midterm Short Answer (2)
Terms in this set (47)
1. an unquenchable thirst for joy
2. an experience of beauty and truth
3. a sense of personal conscience, moral goodness
List the four heartfelt proofs:
to save us from the consequences of the fall of adam and eve, which resulted in original sin. we cannot save ourselves.
why was salvation history necessary?
sacred tradition is the living transmission of the gospel message found in the church's life and teaching.
what is sacred tradition?
1. Unique- no God like him
2. Eternal- he always was and always will be
3. Immense- not limited to space
what are three tributes of God?
1. God is totally beyond us yet present to us. He is greater than all of creation but he still presents himself to us out if love.
2. God created us male and female. Sexuality encourages companionship and love between one another. Both female and male are equally good.
name and explain two revelations
Jesus was born to Mary and Joseph in Bethlehem in 6-4 BC. he lived and grew up in Galilee. He began his preaching and mission after being baptized by John the Baptist in the Jordan River between 27-28 AD. He chose his Apostles. He was convicted of Blasphemy, and suffered under Pilate. He was crucified, buried, rose and ascended into Heaven.
give a brief biography of Jesus?
Priest- he offered hi life to us on the alter of the cross
Prophet- he spoke for his father and shared the fullness of salvation
King- he was the rightful ruler of the universe and uses love and service to attract followers
how did Jesus fulfill the roles of priest, prophet and king?
Jesus is the natural son of the father, he is made of the same nature. Humans are the adoptive sons of the father. The belief in the Son of God in a sign of Christian faith.
what is the purpose of the title "Son of God"?
Lord comes from the Greek Kyrios, we call his that because He is God.
what does Lord mean, why do we call Jesus Lord?
We sometimes refer to Jesus as the Suffering Servant because he takes on the suffering of his people and takes away the sins of the world.
We refer to him as the "Son of Man" because it emphasizes Jesus' humanity, he suffers just as we suffer.
Explain Suffering Servant and Son of Man
"Ignorance of Gospel is ignorance of Christ"
what is St. Jerome's quote?
1. historical Jesus
2. oral tradition
3. New Testament Writings
the three stages of early Christ and his teachings:
Due to God's power, might, and perfection the human mind cannot grasp his infinity.
why do we call Christ's life a mystery?
the Apostles were preaching God's love to all of humanity.
what perspective were the Apostles teaching from and who were they preaching to?
3. Pliny the younger
5 pieces of evidence of Jesus and his life:
the epiphany, the presentation at the temple, the flight into Egypt, the slaughter of the innocent
what were the early events of Jesus' life?
John the Baptist
who baptized Jesus
what were the three temptations of Christ
Christ revealed his glorified self to Peter, James, and John. This gave them a taste of heaven.
what did the transfiguration do? what did Christ do?
through his suffering
how is Christ's human nature revealed?
the reality of the death that Jesus suffered
what does the Apostles creed proclaim?
Joseph of Arimathea
who was permitted to bury Jesus?
Sheol and Hades
other two names for the realm of the dead
when they saw christ
what made the apostles finally believe
eternal separation and suffering, no heaven
what was death to those before Christ's death?
1. God's kingdom is here
2. God is the loving Father
3. God is merciful
4. Jesus is present in the Church
5. To accept Jesus is to accept the cross
5 main points of the good news:
1. reanimated corpse
4. psychological explanation
4 misconceptions of Jesus' death:
passion, death, resurrection, ascension
events that make up The Paschal Mystery
This is the second coming of Christ when he will judge the living and the dead.
what is the Parousia? "world as we know it" means what?
to console and comfort
the holy spirit was promised to do what?
"no one can say that Jesus is lord except for the holy spirit"
quote from 1 Corinthians
in the breathing of life into Adam and Eve
where was the Ruah at the beginning of time?
nature or substance
Jesus is the same what as the Father
4 areas in which the Holy Spirit is present
The Resurrection and the miracles
what events prove Jesus' divinity
the forgiveness of sins
what was at the center of Jesus' ministry
it cleanses us of original sin and personal offenses
what is one major affect of baptism
Jesus gave the Apostles the keys to his kingdom in what sacrament
1. sincere intent to avoid future sins
2. Avoid what makes you sin
3. make up for the harm that sins have caused
3 signs of true contrition:
1. Grave matter
2. Full knowledge that it's wrong
3. Complete consent of will
3 conditions of mortal sin
this completely redeems humans
right after death
when does particular judgement occur ?
Parousia (second coming)
when does final or general judgement occur?
what book of the bible is linked to Purgatory?
Because they cannot pray for themselves
why do pray for the souls in Purgatory?
God gives us the ability to choose freely, choice however often results in punishment. He respects our ability to choose, even if death is a result.
Hell is spiritual
why is hell our choice?
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