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Basketball Quiz Team Sports
Terms in this set (53)
What year was basketball invented?
Who invented basketball?
Where is basketball played?
On a rectangular floor called the court
What is at each end of a basketball court?
How is the court divided?
By two main sections by the mid-court line
How is the ball moved down the court toward the basket and what is the purpose?
By passing or dribbling and attempts to score
A shot that does not go into the basket is usually what?
Rebounded by a player
What is the team with the ball called?
What is the team without the ball called?
What does the defense team try to do?
Steal the ball, contest shots, steal and deflect passes, and garner rebounds
What happens when a team makes a basket?
They score two points and the ball goes to the other team
What happens if a basket, or field goal, is made outside of the three-point arc?
That basket is worth three points
How many points is a free throw worth?
Who are free throws awarded to?
A team according to some formats involving the number of fouls committed in a half and/or the type of foul committed
What does fouling a shooter always result in?
Two or three free throws being awarded the shooter, depending upon where he was when he shot
If the shooter was beyond the three-point line when he was fouled how many shots does he get?
What is a dribble?
Bouncing the ball on the floor, using one hand at a time. Players may move on the court or stationary when they dribble.
When does the dribble end?
When the ball is caught by the dribbler, who cannot dribble again until another player touches the ball
What is a front court?
Half the court that includes the basket
What is the backcourt?
Half of the court that includes the other team's basket
What is a pass?
The movement of the ball by a player who throws, bats, or rolls the ball to the other player
What is a pivot?
Occurs when a player holding the ball pivots with one foot kept in its point of contact with the floor while stepping in any direction. Picking up the pivot before dribbling or getting rid of the ball is a traveling violation
What is a rebound?
When a player controls possessions of a missed shot, either by a teamate (offensive rebound) or an opponent (defensive rebound)
What is a screen?
When an offensive player reached a desired position first, causing a defensive player to go around hum or her and delaying the progress of the defender. The offensive player must have feet planted and remain stationary
What is a ball?
It has a leather cover with eight panels joined by rubber ribs
What is a backboard for?
Supports the basket
What are the 5 equipment used for basketball?
4. Game clock
5. Possession indicator
What are player positions?
Two teams of five players each will try to score by shooting a ball through a hoop elevated 10 feet above the ground
What are the three positions a team will play?
Center, forward, and guard
What is center?
Centers are generally the tallest players. They are generally positioned near the basket. The center's goal is to get open for a pass and to shoot
What is a forward?
Your next tallest players will most likely be your forwards. While a forward may be called upon to play under the hoop, they may also be required to operate in the wings and corner areas
What is a guard?
These are potentially your shortest players and they should be really good at dribbling fast, seeing the court, and passing. It is their job to bring the ball down the court and set up offensive plays
How does a basketball game begin?
The game begins with one player from either team at center court. A referee will toss the ball up between the two. The player that gets his hands on the ball will tip it to a teammate is called a tip off
What does each game have?
What happens at halftime?
The teams switch goals
In college, how long is each half?
In high school what are the halves divided into?
8 min quarters
In the pros how long are the quarters?
What happens if the score is tied at the end of the regulation?
Then overtime periods of various lengths occur
In HS how long is overt time?
In college and pro, how long is overttime?
How many fouls until a player is disqualified and removed from a game?
What are personal fouls?
Personal fouls include any type of illegal physical contact: hitting, pushing, slapping, holding, makes physical contact with a defender in an attempt to block the path of the defender
What are personal foul penalties?
If a player is shooting while being fouled, the he gets two free throws if his shot doesnt go in, but only one free throw if his shot does go in
What is charging?
An offensive foul that is committed when a player pushes or runs over a defensive player. The ball is given to the team that the foul was committed upon
What is blocking?
Blocking is illegal personal contact resulting from a defender not establishing position in time to prevent an opponent's drive to the basket
What is a flagrant foul?
Violent contact with an opponent including hitting. kicking, and punching
What is an intentional foul?
When a player makes physical contact with another player with no reasonable effort to steal the ball
What is a technical foul?
A player or a coach can commit this type of foul. Is about the manners of the game: foul language, obscenity, obscene gestures, and even arguing can be considered a technical foul, as can technical details regarding filling in the scorebook improperly or dunking during warm ups
What is walking/traveling?
Taking more than a step and half without dribbling the ball is traveling. Moving your pivot foot once youve stopped dribbling is traveling
What is carrying/palming?
When a player dribbles the ball with his hands on the ball at the same time or picking up the dribble and then dribbling again is a double dribble
What is a held ball?
Occassionaly, two or more opposing players will gain possession of the ball at the same time. In order to avoid a prolonged and/or violent tussle, the referee stops the action and awards the ball to one team or the other on a rotating basis
What is a backcourt violation?
Once the offense has brought the ball across the mid-court line, they cannt go back across the line during procession. If they do, the ball is awarded to the other team to pass inbounds
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