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19 terms

chapter 10 explorers

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astrolabe
An instrument that measures the positions of the stars and planets to help navigators determine direction and latitude.
compass
A navigational instrument used for finding magnetic north.
caravel
A boat designed for rough seas and long voyages; held many supplies.
Christopher Columbus
Credited for discovering the western hemisphere.
Amerigo Vespucci
First person to realize the new worlds was not in Asia, America was named after him.
Juan Ponce de Leon
Spanish explorer looking for the fountain of youth, but found Flordia instead.
Pedro Alveres Cabral
The first Portuguese explorer to reach the western hemisphere (Brazil-blown off course)
Ferdinand Magellan
First Portuguese explorer to sail all the way around the world.
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
Spanish explorer who first saw the Pacific ocean.
Strait of Magellan
Water way named after Magellan.
conquistador
a spanish "conqueror" or soldier in the Americas
Hernando Cortez
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
Moctezuma
Aztec emperor defeated and killed by the Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes.
Dona Marina
an Indian woman who had learned Spanish and who helped Cortes achieve his goals.
Tenochtitlan
Capital of the Aztec Empire, located on an island in Lake Texcoco. Its population was about 150,000 on the eve of Spanish conquest. Mexico City was constructed on its ruins. (p. 305)
Atahualpa
Ruler of the Inca Empire when conquered by Pizarro
Fransisco Pizzaro
the spanish conquistador that conquered the mighty inca indians
Tumbes
Incan city full of riches
Cuzco
The capital city of the Incan Empire, Located in present-day Peru