22 terms

American Government Midterm

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Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments to the US constitution, retired in 1791 and guaranteeing such rights as the freedom of speech, assembly, and worship
1st Amendment
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition
2nd Amendment
Right to bear arms
3rd Amendment
No quartering of soldiers
4th Amendment
Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures
Protects citizens from improper searches of their bodies, possessions, and homes
5th Amendment
The Right to Remain Silent/Double Jeopardy, right to due process
Innocent until proven guilty, no one can be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, requires the government to pay citizens when it takes over there property for a public use
6th Amendment
Right to a speedy trial
provides more requirements for a fair trial in criminal cases, public trial by an impartial jury in the area where the crime was committed.
7th Amendment
Right to jury in civil trials.
8th Amendment
No cruel or unusual punishment
protects people form having to pay unreasonable high bail in order to be released from prison before they go to trial
9th Amendment
Citizens entitled to rights not listed in the Constitution
10th Amendment
Powers not given to federal government go to people and States
Religion (1st)
The government may not force you to accept one set of religious belief nor may it interfere with the way you worship
Assembly (1st)
The freedom makes it possible for America, to join clubs or political parties, even if those groups represent unpopular news.
Speech (1st)
This freedom entitles american citizens to say what they think , provide they do not intentionally hurt someone else's reputation by making false accusations
14th Amendment
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
Miranda Rights
A list of rights that police in the United States must read to suspects in custody before questioning them, pursuant to the Supreme Court decision in Miranda v. Arizona.
Miranda v. Arizona
Supreme Court held that criminal suspects must be informed of their right to consult with an attorney and of their right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police.
rights to privacy
a night implied by the freedoms in the bill of rights that grant individuals a degree of personal privacy upon which government cannot lawfully intrude
Roe v. Wade
(1973) legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacy
Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)
Supreme Court decision in which the Court ruled that the Constitution implicitly guarantees citizens' right to privacy.
Establishment Clause
Clause in the First Amendment that says the government may not establish an official religion.
clear and present danger test
law should not punish speech unless there was a clear and present danger of producing harmful actions