Upgrade to remove ads
IB GloPo Terms 2018
Terms in this set (48)
unequal access to resources needed to sustain life & communities: Who holds the rights to resources?
process in which different parts of the world are becoming connected with one another, reducing effect of borders and letting ideas flow freely.
idea that present generations should meet their needs without lowering the ability of future generations to meet their own needs as well.
different methods of gaining knowledge are all valid (right); science can't always distinguish between truth and falsehood; knowledge, truth, and morality exist in relation to culture, society, or historical context, and are not absolute.
view that nations that were colonies of imperial (usually Western) powers may claim political independence but they are still being manipulated by former experience.
a state's degree of independence; it's control over territory and its ability to govern itself.
Peace of Westphalia (1648)
agreement between European nations to respect national sovereignty; institutionalized the rise of nation-states; considered the beginning of the modern international system, in which external powers should avoid interfering in another country's domestic affairs.
belief in rights that belong to all human beings rather than a specific nation, race, religion, gender, social class, etc.
system where wealth is owned privately and economic life is organized around MARKET PRINCIPLES (the buying & selling of products & services).
belief that women should possess the same political & economic rights as men; points out how masculine views of rivalry, conflict & competition have dominated societies, leading to gender inequities.
group of people with similar interests, mutual support & cultural traits; can be based geographically (face-to-face), institutionally, or virtually (via technology of 20th C and beyond).
critical theories & approaches
perspectives that seek to challenge the dominant, status quo ("things should stay as is") way of looking at things; goal is to change points of view; includes Marxism, ecologism, feminism, constructivism, post-colonialism, post-structuralism, etc.
all ideas & concepts are expressed using language, which involves relations of power; instead of assuming universal STRUCTURES to language, religion, art, etc., it looks carefully at the individual elements of cultural events & expressions.
occurring 'BETWEEN' or among nations; involving several geographic areas. [One of our "Levels" of analysis]
viewpoint that emphasizes accepting a situation as it is; humans are seen as selfish & greedy; politics seen as a constant struggle for power that results in conflict; states are the key global actors.
geographic boundaries of a state. [One of our "Levels" of analysis]
when political AUTHORITY is granted by law or by a state or national constitution; usually earned and maintained when a group acts in a way considered ACCEPTABLE by its constituents (people/citizenry).
use of PEACEFUL MEANS, not force, to bring about political or social change (such as advocating for rights).
events and trends that have impact across the globe--cutting ACROSS GEOGRAPHIC AREAS among humans, governments, economies, and organizations... [One of our "Levels" of analysis]
having FREEDOM and INDEPENDENCE (autonomy); "positive liberty" = to carry out the will of a group or individual; "negative liberty" means freedom from coercion (force).
physical or mental FORCE upon another being; anything man-made that prevents people from reaching their full potential.
the idea of FAIRNESS and getting "what one deserves"; refers to what individuals should be able to demand of one another, usually in regard to rights; for global politics: How nations should behave toward one another--respecting state sovereignty + non-interference in governance.
leadership or dominance, especially by one country or social group over others; goal is harmony through an agreement of the people under state control.
rights and freedoms to which everyone is entitled; [There is debate about which ones are essential for living a life of dignity &/or which are universal (truly meant for ALL) & inalienable (cannot be justly taken away)]
political & economic theories of/by Karl Marx: believes capitalism creates systemic inequality & instability; only communism can deliver a classless, just society where workers own the means of production.
mutual reliance between & among groups, organizations, areas, and states for access to resources that sustain living arrangements.
perspective based on harmony or balance among competing interests; humans seen as rational & moral creatures; views politics as an opportunity for cooperation; economic interdependence promotes peace.
refers to shared interests that extend beyond state/national boundaries in a specific geographical region/area (e.g., NATO, NAFTA). [One of our "LEVELS" of analysis; see also "region"]
an area defined by one or more natural or cultural characteristics that set it apart from other areas: e.g., Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, European Union, Middle East, North America, Oceania, South America, Central America and the Caribbean (the last 3 also known as Latin America)
refers to increase in the standard of living and well-being of groups/individuals in a state or region; can include improvements in education, infrastructure, access to goods & services, etc.
political ideology that is based on the belief that nature is an interconnected whole, embracing humans and non-humans, as well as the inanimate (non-"living") world; aka, "Green politics" or "environmentalism."
geographic area where social organization is created, culture is transmitted from one generation to another; place where cultural practices are protected from interference by outside forces. [One of our "LEVELS" of analysis]
state of being equal, especially in status, rights, and opportunities; as a political value, the idea that all people/groups are of equal worth; linked to notions of justice, fairness & liberty.
ability to cause change in the world; affects the balance in relationships between people/groups.
theory that people create (construct) their own understanding of the world they live in; there's no objective social or political reality.
economic and political worldview that sees the free market as the main mechanism for ensuring economic growth, with a severely restricted role for government.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
measurement of the total goods and services produced within a country over a given year.
Gross National Product (GNP)
includes all goods and services produced in a year by corporations and individuals of a country, whether or not they are located within the country.
measure of income inequality within a population, ranging from zero (meaning complete equality) to one (which means severe inequality).
state of being poor; inability to meet basic needs for food, clothing, and shelter.
money, machines, products, or property that can be used for investment--to create more wealth.
development that balances current human well-being and economic advancement with resource management for the benefit of future generations.
not judging a culture but trying to understand it on its own terms
freedoms to which all humans are automatically entitled; synonymous with what Enlightenment philosophers called "natural rights"
jus in bello
an aspect of just war doctrine that sets limits on the acceptable use of force.
Jus ad bellum
the justification for resorting to war; conditions that permit the "right" to go to war are:
1. just cause
2. right authority
3. right intention
4. last resort
5. probable success
human rights that depend on positive government action, such as the right to education, right to adequate health care
rights a government may not infringe upon (deny or interfere with); rights that prohibit government from acting in certain ways
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
GLOPO Development Vocab
Global Politics: DEFINITIONS
IB Global Politics Terms, Concepts, and Ideas
POLS1102 - States, sovereignty and globalisation
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Salzman - HR Part 1
Anthro Chapter 14
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
IB GloPo Terms 2020-21
Characteristics of True Heroism
Language of Civil Rights
Terms: Drama/Poetry of Macbeth