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1st Semester Exam
Terms in this set (36)
The direct transfer of heat from one substance to another substance that it is touching.
The transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement of a liquid or gas
Energy from the Sun travels to Earth in waves through this
Heating a substance ______________________ particle motion.
Cooling a substance ______________________ particle motion
The _______________ of a region will influence how much solar energy it receives.
During which season does the Northern hemisphere receive the most direct sunlight?
During which season does the Northern hemisphere receive the least direct sunlight?
a slow moving body of air that has about the same temperature and moisture throughout
warm air mixing with cold air
Causes storms that lead to severe weather
Cold dry air mass that forms usually over land of northern United States and Canada
a warm, moist air mass that is formed over the ocean in tropical areas in the southern part of the US
Winds that blow from west to east
A place in the US where warm air from the south mixes with cold are from the north creating the right conditions for tornadoes.
Given when severe weather has been spotted or is expected within 24 hours
Given when conditions are right for sever weather
rescue, relief, recovery
Three ways our local community can protect the public in the even of severe weather.
the distance light travels through space in one year
a system of millions of stars, together with gas and dust, planets, and moons held together by gravity
the spiral galaxy containing our solar system
matter that does not give off em radiation and makes up most of the universe
thousands of galaxies located in one part of the universe
a chain of super-clusters connected
The spinning of Earth on its axis
the movement of the earth in its orbit around the sun
number of times the Earth rotates around its axis during one orbit around the Sun
Part of the Earth receiving the most direct sunlight.
Sunlight that has low concentration or is spread across a large area; causes winter
sunlight that travels directly or in a straight path; the equator
Earth is receiving INDIRECT sunlight during this season therefor receiving LESS direct sunlight
Earth is receiving the most DIRECT sunlight during this season
Heavy snow (blizzards), thunderstorms (bringing floods), and tornadoes
Common types of severe weather that effect Genesee County
rises because it is less dense
sinks because it is more dense
day and night
caused by rotation of earth on its axis; some locations of Earth are facing the Sun while others are turned away from the Sun
main source of energy on earth