120 terms

Kostrencich Vocab 1-6 - Definitions

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approbation
the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval
assuage
to make easier or milder, relief; to quiet; calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench
coalition
a combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose
decadence
decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self-indulgence
elicit
to draw forth, bring out from some source (such as another person)
expostulate
to attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning
hackneyed
used so often as to lack freshness or originality
hiatus
a gap, opening, break (in the sense of having an element missing)
innuendo
a hint, indirect suggestion, or reference (often in a derogatory sense)
intercede
to plead on behalf of someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement
jaded
wearied, worn-out, dulled (in the sense of being satiated by excessive indulgence)
lurid
causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack of restraint
meritorious
worthy, deserving recognition and praise
petulant
peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset
prerogative
a special right or privilege; a special quality showing excellence
provincial
(adj.) pertaining to an outlying area; local; narrow in mind or outlook, countrified in the sense of being limited and backward; of a simple, plain design that originated in the countryside;(n.) a person with a narrow point of view; a person from an outlying area; a soldier from a province or colony
simulate
to make pretense of, imitate; to show the outer signs of
transcend
to rise above or beyond, exceed
umbrage
shade cast b y trees; foliage giving shade; an overshadowing influence or power; offense, resentment; a vague suspicion
unctuous
excessively smooth or smug; trying too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity, or piety; fatty, oily; pliable
ameliorate
to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming
aplomb
poise, assurance, great self-confidence, perpendicularity
bombastic
pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended ti conceal a lack of ideas
callow
without experience; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise; without feathers
drivel
saliva or mucus flowing from the mouth or nose; foolish, aimless talk or thinking; nonsense; to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waste or fritter away foolishly
epitome
a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality
exhort
to urge strongly, advise earnestly
ex officio
by virtue of holding a certain office
infringe
to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds
ingratiate
to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense)
interloper
one who moves in where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder
intrinsic
belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part
inveigh
to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval
lassitude
weariness of body or mind, lack of energy
millennium/millennia
a period of one thousand years; a period of great joy
occult
mysterious, magical, supernatural; secret, hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary means; to hide, conceal; eclipse; matters involving the supernatural
permeate
to spread through, penetrate, soak through
precipitate
to fall as moisture; to cause or bring about suddenly; to hurl down from a great height; to give distinct form to;characterized by excessive haste; moisture; the product of an action or process
stringent
strict, severe; rigorously or urgently binding or compelling; sharp or bitter to the taste
surmise
to think or believe without certain supporting evidence; to conjecture or guess; likely idea that lacks definite proof
abominate
to have an intense dislike or hatred for
acculturation
the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another; the resultant blend
adventitious
resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential; (medicine) acquired, not congenital
ascribe
to assign or refer to (as a cause or source), attribute
circuitous
roundabout, not direct
commiserate
to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feeling of distress
enjoin
to direct or order; to prescribe a course of action in an authoritative way; to prohibit
expedite
to make easy, cause to progress faster
expiate
to make amends, make up for; to avert
ferment
a state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulence; to be in or work into such a state to produce alcohol by chemical action
inadvertent
resulting from or marked by lack of attention; unintentional, accidental
nominal
existing in name only, not real; too small to be considered or taken seriously
noncommittal
not decisive or definite; unwilling to take a clear position or to say yes or no
peculate
to steal something that has been given into one's trust; to take improperly for one's own use
proclivity
a natural or habitual inclination or tendency (especially of human character or behavior)
sangfroid
composure or coolness, especially in trying circumstances
seditious
resistant to lawful authority; having the purpose of overthrowing an established government
tenuous
(adj.) thin, slender, not dense; lacking clarity or sharpness; of slight importance or significance; lacking a sound basis, poorly supported
vitriolic
bitter, sarcastic; highly caustic or biting (like a strong acid)
wheedle
to use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired end
affable
courteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak to
aggrandize
to increase in greatness, power, or wealth; to build up or intensify; to make appear greater
amorphous
shapeless, without definite form; of no particular type or character; without organization, unity, or cohesion
aura
that which surrounds (as an atmosphere); a distinctive air or personal quality
contraband
(n.) illegal traffic, smuggled goods; (adj.) illegal, prohibited
erudite
(adj.) scholarly, learned, bookish, pedantic
gossamer
(adj.) thin, light, delicate, insubstantial; (n.) a very thin, light cloth
infer
to find out by reasoning; to arrive at a conclusion on the basis of thought; to hint, suggest, imply
inscrutable
(adj.) incapable of being understood; impossible to see through physically
insular
(adj.) relating to, characteristic of, or situated on an island; narrow or isolated in outlook or experience
irrevocable
incapable of being changed or called back
propensity
(n.) a natural inclination or predilection toward
querulous
(adj.) peevish, complaining, fretful
remonstrate
(v.) to argue or plead with someone against something, protest against, object to
repudiate
(v.) to disown, reject, or deny the validity of
resilient
(adj.) able to return to an original shape or form; able to recover quickly
reverberate
(v.) to re-echo, resound; to reflect or be reflected repeatedly
scurrilous
(adj.) coarsely abusive, vulgar or low (especially in language), foul-mouthed
sedulous
(adj.) persistent, showing industry and determination
sleazy
(adj.) thin or flimsy in texture; cheap; shoddy or inferior in quality or character; ethically low, mean, or disreputable
amnesty
(n.) a general pardon for an offense against a government; in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution
autonomy
(n.) self-government, political control
axiomatic
self-evident, expressing a universally accepted principle or rule
blazon
to adorn or embellish; to display conspicuously; to publish or proclaim widely
caveat
a warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior
equitable
fair, just, embodying principles of justice
extricate
(v.) to free from entanglements or difficulties; to remove with effort
filch
to steal, especially in a sneaky way and in petty amounts
flout
to mock, treat with contempt
fractious
(adj.) tending to be troublesome; unruly, quarrelsome, contrary; unpredictable
precept
a rule of conduct or action
salutary
(adj.) beneficial, helpful; healthful, wholesome
scathing
(adj.) bitterly severe, withering; causing great harm
scourge
(v.) To whip, punish severely; (n.) A cause of affliction or suffering; a source of severe punishment or criticism
sepulchral
(adj.) funereal, typical of the tomb; extremely gloomy or dismal
soporific
(adj.) tending to cause sleep, relating to sleepiness or lethargy; (n.) something that induces sleep
straitlaced
(adj.) extremely strict in regard to moral standards and conduct; prudish, puritanical
transient
(adj.) lasting only a short time, fleeting; (n.) one who stays only a short time
unwieldy
not easily carried, handled, or managed because of size or complexity
vapid
(adj.) dull, uninteresting, tiresome; lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force
anomalous
abnormal, irregular, departing from the usual
aspersion
(n.) a damaging or derogatory statement; the act of slandering or defaming
bizarre
(adj.) extremely strange, unusual, atypical
brusque
(adj.) abrupt, blunt, with no formalities
cajole
(v.) to coax, persuade through flattery or artifice; to deceive with soothing thoughts or false promises
castigate
(v.) to punish severely; to criticize severely
contrive
(v.) to plan with ingenuity, invent; to bring about as the result of a scheme or plan
demagogue
(n.) a leader who exploits popular prejudices and false claims and promises in order to gain power
disabuse
(v.) to free from deception or error, set right in ideas or thinking
ennui
(n.) weariness and dissatisfaction from lack of occupation or interest, boredom
fetter
(n.) a chain or shackle placed on the feet (often used in plural); anything that confines or restrains; (v.) to chain or shackle; to render helpless or impotent
heinous
(adj.) very wicked, offensive, hateful
immutable
(adj.) not subject to change, constant
insurgent
(n.) one who rebels or rises against authority; (adj.) rising in revolt, refusing to accept authority; surging or rushing in or on
megalomania
(n.) a delusion marked by a feeling of power, wealth, talent, etc., far in excess of reality
sinecure
(n.) a position requiring little or no work; an easy job
surreptitious
(adj.) stealthy, secret, intended to escape observation; made or accomplished by fraud
transgress
(v.) to go beyond a limit or boundary; to sin, violate a law
transmute
(v.) to change from one nature, substance, or form to another
vicarious
(adj.) performed, suffered, or otherwise experienced by one person in place of another