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P&P Chap 5 - Evidence Based Practice

Terms in this set (61)

• A challenge in EBP is to obtain the very best and most relevant, accurate, and current information at the right time, when you need it for patient care.
• Using your clinical expertise and considering patients' values and preferences ensures that you will apply the evidence in practice both safely and appropriately.
• The steps of EBP provide a systematic approach to rational clinical decision making.
• A focused PICOT question allows you to search for evidence in the scientific literature.
• The hierarchy of available evidence offers a guide to the types of literature or information that offer the best scientific evidence.
• An RCT is the highest level of experimental research.
• Expert clinicians are a rich source of evidence because they use it frequently to build their own practice and solve clinical problems.
• The critique or evaluation of evidence includes determining the value, feasibility, and usefulness of evidence for making a practice change.
• After critiquing all articles for a PICOT question, synthesize or combine the findings to consider the scientific rigor of the evidence and whether it has application in practice.
• When you decide to apply evidence, consider the setting and whether there is support from staff and available resources.
• Research is a systematic process that asks and answers questions that generate knowledge, which provides a scientific basis for nursing practice.
• Outcomes research is designed to assess and document the effectiveness of health care services and interventions.
• Nursing research involves two broad approaches for conducting studies: quantitative and qualitative methods.
• Although EBP, research, and QI are closely related, they are separate processes.
• When posed with a clinical problem, you need to use the appropriate approach.