21 terms

Bill of Rights terms to know

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Terms in this set (...)

right
something individuals are morally or legally entitled to
bail
the temporary release of an accused person awaiting trial, on a condition that guarantees their appearance in court.
indictment
a formal charge by a grand jury
grand jury
A group of citizens that decides whether there is sufficient evidence to accuse someone of a crime.
oath
promise to tell the truth
seizure
act of forcibly taking control of a person or property.
redress
to set right
warrant
A legal paper, issued by a court, giving police permission to make an arrest, seizure, or search.
infamous crime
crime punishable by imprisonment
petition
a formal request for government action
enumeration
a numbered list
capital crime
a crime that is punishable by death
common law
laws dealing with private, not criminal or military, matters
bear
to carry or possess
deprive
to withhold or take away something
reserved powers
Powers given to the state government alone
counsel
something that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action
impartial
unbiased; neutral
due process
fair treatment through the normal judicial system
criminal trial
A trial to decide charges brought by the state against a person accused of violating a criminal law.
civil trial
A trial in which a plaintiff seeks damages or other remedy from a defendant; a lawsuit